Honeysuckle - Sowing, cutting, layering, planting and maintaining

Beautiful climbing honeysuckle, beautiful fragrance ...

If there is an easy climbing plant to grow, it is honeysuckle, it grows really fast. It produces long liana, covered with leaves and in summer, flowers mostly yellow or red. It supports exposure and soils of different natures well. As soon as it is in bloom, it develops a delicate, very pleasant scent that invades the garden.

Botanical name:

• Lonicera (x varieties)

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Semi-presistant
• Hardiness: Rustic plant
• Family: Caprifoliaceae, caprifoliaceae
• Harbor : Vine
• Exhibition: Sun and partial shade
• Sowing: (after stratification) in March
• Plantation: Spring and fall
• Flowering: May to October
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: Anywhere down to -20 ° C (or even more)
• Origin: Europe and Asia
• Honey plant: Yes. It is very popular with bees and pollinating insects.
• Edible plant: No


• Rapid growth
• Very fragrant flower
• Many varieties

What advantages in the garden

• Quite long flowering
• Very floriferous
• Easy to grow and maintain

What exhibition?

Sun and partial shade

What soil?

• Rich and drained soil.

When to sow it?

In spring, sowing in March - April, after seed stratification (to start 4 months before). We explain how it works right after.
In autumn, this is possible without stratification with uncertain results.

How to sow the seeds of the honeysuckle?

Before sowing:

Sowing honeysuckle is not the most common breeding method. It is, if not complicated, a little difficult, let's say it all the same. Indeed, the plant does not easily reseed itself in nature… nor in your garden. The reason ? The husk around the seeds, the little black balls of your honeysuckle, is too strong and makes the germination process difficult.
In nature, with the help of cold, in certain humid conditions…. the husk falls apart and allows the seeds to germinate in the spring.

How to stratify the seeds?

Small definition: stratification is the action that nature produces on the seed coat. The alternation of periods of cold, humidity and drought that work, damage the envelope - called "Integument" - The seed coat eventually gives way and releases the seeds it contains.
To recreate this stratification, we can use a method called cold stratification. It is made with sand, water and a fridge. This "wet cold" will allow the degradation of the husk while nourishing the seeds which improves the germination of the seeds.

Here is a method of "cold stratification" for 15 gr of honeysuckle "tegument":
You will need 1.5 kg of sand, 15 cl of water, and a "zipped" freezer bag.
• In a container, place the sand.
• Add the water.
• Mix well to make the mixture homogeneous.
• Add the honeysuckle seed husks and mix again to distribute them well in the sand.
• Place everything in the freezer bag.
• Store it for at least 4 months in the vegetable drawer of your refrigerator (at 4 ° C).
• Theoretically, if the bag is perfectly zipped and closed, it should not lose its moisture. Do not hesitate to verify if necessary.

A word from the gardener:
One can also proceed, from the autumn, with the stratification by placing in pots, an alternating layer of wet sand, a few envelopes of seeds, a layer of sand, a layer of envelope of seeds ... By storing the pots at shade but especially northern exposure in the garden. In March April, theoretically the seeds will have started to germinate. Place them in medium pots filled with good potting soil and 50/50 garden soil.
Store the plants in pots for one month until the following fall or even the following spring.

When to plant

• Plant or transplant the seedlings in a container in the spring, from March to May, or in autumn until the end of October.

How to plant honeysuckle?

• Prepare the soil by working it at the height of a spade, in order to obtain a nice even soil.
• Amend the soil with potting soil and sand to allow the soil to drain water quickly.
• Honeysuckle is an easy plant to grow.
• Remove a little more soil from the ground to be able to place the root ball.
• Place them every 1 to 1.5 meters then fill with the soil / soil mixture from the garden.
• Tamp down well with the foot or back of a rake.
• Water generously.
• Honeysuckle appreciates fairly cool soil, do not hesitate during the first weeks of planting to check that the soil is fresh and to water if necessary.
• In the case of a period of strong sun, you can protect the foot by placing an old tile which will create shade and retain moisture for longer.

Methods of propagating honeysuckle?

By seed in spring (see above)
By cuttings in September or spring.
By layering in spring.

How to make a honeysuckle cutting?

Summer cutting, end of August and September :

• Use a half-year-old branch.
• This branch must have 2 layers of leaves
• Cut just above the top leaves (1 cm) and flush with the bottom leaves.
• Remove the bottom leaves.
• Prepare a potting soil / sand mixture in a medium pot.
• Transplant the branch by pushing it into the ground up to the top leaves.
• Water.
• Cover with a clear plastic bottle (or bag) to "smother" the cutting.
• Place the cutting in the shade until resumption.
• Keep the soil cool.

Spring cutting:

• Cut a woody branch (wood) under a knot.
• Reduce it to 25-30 cm, keeping the last 2 layers of leaves, which will act as a sap extractor.
• Place the cutting directly in the soil, driving it 15 to 20 cm (1/3 of its size).
• Water without too much.
• Keep the soil cool.

Interview :

• Watering: keep the ground a little cool
Removal of dead wood : in spring
Cut : in shape in the fall.

Flowering of honeysuckle:

• Flowers appear at from May June to September

Varieties of honeysuckle:

• C. Lonicera Japonica: yellow or cream flower, very fragrant, with semi-evergreen foliage.
• C. Lonicera America:
Flower Yellow and red, very fragrant, evergreen foliage.

What to plant with a honeysuckle?

• Plant them in a mixture of climbing plants, clematis, passion flower, hops or Virginia creeper.

Use :

ATa garden: On a fence or fence
• Without garden:
In a large pot with a supporting frame.

Quick sheet:

Shrub honeysuckle

Shrub honeysuckle (Credit: Vijverln / CC BY-SA 3.0 / Wikimedia)

When we speak of honeysuckle, we first think of a climbing plant with a fragrant flowering. But there are many species, including superb shrub honeysuckle, such Lonicera nitida, full of many-purpose qualities.

Guides, letter models, practical sheets. We leave the card to you. Make your choice !

When we speak of honeysuckle, we first think of a climbing plant with a fragrant flowering. But there are many species, including superb shrub honeysuckle, such Lonicera nitida, full of many-purpose qualities.

Shrub honeysuckle (Credit: Vijverln / CC BY-SA 3.0 / Wikimedia)

Shrub honeysuckle in summary

Shrub honeysuckle, Cameler

Shrub в – ¶ Flowering shrub | Topiary shrub

Vegetation Perennial : Plant that lives more than two years.
Annual : Plant that lives less than a year.
Biennial : Plant whose life cycle lasts two years. In the first year, the plant grows in the second year, it gives flowers and fruits, then it dies.
To know more

Foliage Persistent : The foliage lasts all year.
Semi-persistent or semi-deciduous : The plant retains part of its foliage all year round.
Lapsed : The plant loses its leaves in the fall.
To know more

Height at maturity Mature height is the height to which the plant naturally rises when it is in the most favorable conditions.
It may take time for the plant to reach this height, depending on the speed of its growth.
The plant may also never reach its height at maturity, if it is pruned regularly, or if it is not cultivated in the optimal conditions for its growth.
To know more

Interview Easy : The plant does not require special care, or very simple care.
Moderate : The plant requires regular care or a little gardening practice.
Difficult : The plant requires important care and gardening skills.
To know more

Water requirement The water requirement of a plant can be supplied by rain, natural soil moisture or watering. To estimate the necessary watering, it is also necessary to take into account the ambient temperature, because of the evaporation, and the capacity of the soil to retain water.
Low : For a houseplant, water monthly. For an outdoor plant, it tolerates drought well.
Way : For a houseplant, water weekly or every two weeks. For an outdoor plant, it will need water supplies before the soil dries up.
Important : For a houseplant, water several times a week. For an outdoor plant, it needs abundant and regular water supplies.
To know more

Growth Slow : The plant reaches maturity in several decades.
Normal : The plant reaches maturity in a few years.
Fast : The plant reaches maturity in a few months.
To know more

Multiplication Propagation involves creating a new plant yourself.
Sowing : The plant reproduces by planting seeds.
To know more
Division : Part of the root (rhizome, tuber) is used to create new shoots.
To know more
Cuttings : A branch is planted in the ground, where it produces new roots.
To know more
Layering : The branch is not cut from the plant, but it is partly buried in the earth, where it develops its own roots.
To know more
Graft : A plant fragment is implanted on another plant.
To know more
Impossible : It is not possible, for an individual, to multiply his plant. If he wants another one, he should buy it from a professional.

Cold resistance Resistant (rustic) : Frost resistant plant.
To protect (semi-rustic) : Plant which supports the freshness but which requires a protection against the frost.
To return (fragile) : Plant which fears the cold and which must be sheltered during the cold season.
To know more

Soil type Clay soil : Heavy and sticky soil when wet, which hardens and cracks when drying.
Limestone soil : Clear and chalky earth, dry in summer and muddy in winter.
Sandy soil : Light soil, easy to work with and which retains water poorly.
Stony ground : Soil loaded with pebbles and poor in organic matter.
Humidor : Black and easy to work, it looks like forest earth.
Heather land : Acidic soil (pHВ 4 Г 5), sandy and rich in humus.
Potting soil : It's easy, this land can be bought in stores!
To know more

Soil pH The pH measures acidity of the soil.
Alkaline soil : The pH is above 7. These are mainly calcareous soils.
Neutral soil : The pH is between 6.5 and 7.2. Most plants grow well there.
Acidic soil : The pH is below 7. This is mainly heather land.
To know more

Soil moisture Soil moisture does not depend on rain, but on how the soil retains water or not.
Drained soil : Fresh soil but where water does not stagnate.
Wet soil : Soil where water stagnates.
Dry soil : Soil that does not retain water.
Fresh soil : Soil which remains constantly moist (but not soaked). To know more

Exposure Sun : The plant should have direct sun all day. Inside, it is directly (less than 1m) in front of a window facing south or west.
Part shade : The plant should have sun only part of the day. Indoors, it is in front of a window to the east or further away from a window facing south or west.
Shadow : The plant should be in the shade of other plants. Indoors, this is the case for rooms in winter, windows to the north or partly obscured and when the plant is far from the window (+ 2 m).
To know more

Planting Full earth : The plant can be planted directly in the earth.
Bin, pot or planter : The plant can be planted in a container. (The volume of the container must be adapted to the size of the plant.)
To know more

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

They are bushy shrubs, with dense, arching, evergreen foliage, offering a good alternative for making low and medium hedges. The small oval leaves are opposite and measure 1 to 3 cm in diameter, dark green to purple, sometimes shiny. In spring, they shelter small hermaphroditic flowers of about 1 cm in length, creamy white to dark pink almost red nectariferous, fragrant, tubular with a short tube opening in 2 lips. They are followed by small spherical purple to blue or purple fruits.

Warning : the berries which arrive after flowering are very decorative, but in 90% of cases poisonous. They trigger diarrhea and vomiting if ingested. Only the Lonicera caerulea yields edible berries.

These shrub goat leaves or cameramen, fairly fast growing, from a height of 1 to 2 m, and hardy down to -15 / -20 В ° C are easy to live with. They adapt to almost all types of soils provided they are well drained, without too much limestone, preferring sunny exposures, but also partial shade. They are resistant to air pollution and drought.

You can use these plants of the Caprifoliaceae family in many different cases and situations, the hedge is, of course, very common, but they are very beautiful plants, isolated and not pruned. S, which allows them to unfold their arching foliage with the most beautiful effect.

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