We all know about the benefits of carrots since childhood. It can be consumed not only fresh, but also prepared for the winter, which will allow you to stock up on vitamins. Therefore, it is best to choose the most productive varieties for your garden.
Root crops of this variety are light yellow, almost lemon color. The homeland of this carrot is Uzbekistan. It is she who is used to prepare pilaf with lamb and gives the dishes of oriental cuisine a specific taste with a slight bitterness. In warm regions, "Mirzoi Zheltaya" develops better. There, the fruits grow up to 150 g, and in the middle lane, one carrot weighs 70-100 g.
This is the most widespread variety of carrots in the territory of the former USSR, which is grown not only in garden plots, but also on an industrial scale. It includes several varieties:
The taste of this carrot is considered a classic, reference, it contains an increased amount of carotene and sugar. In addition, it contains many useful substances - phytoncides. Fruits of a cylindrical shape ripen within 120 days. Their average length is 20 cm, and their weight is about 150 g. If all conditions are met, the presentation and taste of this variety of carrots can be preserved until spring. It is widely used to make carrot juice. The variety is mid-season, resistant to diseases and pests, high-yielding.
"Cascade" is distinguished by a high content of sugar and carotene, so it is perfect for preparing salads, natural vegetable juices, and puree for baby food. The taste of this carrot is very good, and it also contains many useful vitamins and minerals, such as magnesium, potassium, calcium. To obtain the required daily dose of carotene, just one such carrot per day is enough. The variety is hybrid, perfectly tolerates adverse weather conditions. It is resistant to disease and has very high yields. The fruits grow up to 23 cm, and their weight ranges from 130 to 170 g. The shape of the root crops is conical, even, the vegetables are large and tasty. The "Cascade" variety tolerates long-term storage well, does not fade, does not rot.
The variety has an original round shape, unusual for carrots. "Parmex" refers to early maturing hybrids, it is sometimes called carrot radish. At the same time, the root crops have excellent taste, they are sweet and juicy. This variety is very popular with children, they are happy to eat unusual fresh carrots. It can also be used to make juices and baby purees, and freeze for the winter.
This hybrid Dutch early maturing variety is suitable for growing not only in central Russia, but also in the more northern regions of our country. The growing season is up to 105 days, due to which the roots have time to ripen during the short summer season. Carrots of this variety have an attractive appearance - fruits of an even cylindrical shape with a rounded tip. They usually grow in length about 20 cm, and weigh from 150 to 250 g. There is practically no core in root crops, therefore, during industrial cultivation, nitrates do not accumulate, and the nutritional value is higher than that of other varieties. "Nandrin" also favorably distinguishes from other types of carrots by high yield and excellent preservation of fruits.
A very unusual carrot, which has an exotic purple skin color, while its core is orange. In a mature state, it reaches a length of 25-30 cm. The shape of the fruit is conical, its diameter is from 15 to 30 cm. It has a sweet taste and contains a lot of beta-carotene and other useful substances. A peculiarity of purple carrots is the presence of lutein in it, which is very useful for vision. During culinary processing, the vegetable stains the hands and everything with which it comes into contact during the cooking process - dishes, cutting boards, and other products. During cooking, the water turns purple. Most often, "Dragon" is consumed fresh, dishes with it look beautiful and unusual, and a peculiar taste diversifies the everyday menu.
This variety was developed in France. The fruits are cone-shaped with a blunt tip, 13-14 cm long, equally even and smooth. The vegetable contains a fairly large amount of sugar - about 10%, has a juicy and dense pulp. The variety has gained popularity due to its high yield and resistance to diseases. "Shantenay 2461" is suitable for transportation and long-term storage, it is used for household items. Early maturing varieties of these carrots can be grown in a greenhouse, which allows them to be harvested twice a season.
Tomatoes are successfully grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. If you have the opportunity to create greenhouse conditions for vegetables, that's great. But if this is not possible, do not be discouraged.
There are many varieties that produce excellent yields outdoors, too. Moreover, early maturing varieties are especially popular. In the article we will consider the best of them, identify the distinctive features.
The unpretentious and fruitful variety of Sentyabrina carrots has many undeniable advantages:
The main advantage of Sentyabrina carrots among other types is the yield of marketable products up to 94%. This type of root crop has many positive reviews from gardeners and gardeners cultivated carrots. The Sentyabrina carrot variety belongs to mid-season and very productive crops. From the moment of sowing to harvesting, 120 days pass.
To accelerate the germination of seeds and better ovary, growth stimulants specially developed for this type of plant can be used.
Siberian carrots have the shape of a semi-spreading rosette. Its medium-dissected leaves are bright green and medium in size. The fruit has a blunt, slightly rounded tip, a thickened cylindrical shape and reaches 17 cm in length. They are characterized by an even and smooth surface, delicate and thin skin. Their average weight reaches 150 grams. Carrots are characterized by rich orange juicy sweet pulp, which contains on average up to 18% carotene and many other substances useful for the human body. Carrot yield reaches 230-550 centners per hectare.
Spring garlic is usually planted in spring. It grows quickly, yields a large yield if you adhere to the rules of cultivation. Large varieties of spring garlic are not represented by a wide assortment, but if you wish, there are plenty to choose from.
There are more than 40 types of carrots, but not all of them can boast of good yields, sweet taste, juicy pulp and long shelf life. We present several varieties of these vegetables that have most of these properties.
This is what the TOP 10 best carrot varieties look like:
Carrots with a short ripening period are chosen for eating. Such varieties are not suitable for long-term storage; they, as a rule, have low yield indicators (compared to late-ripening ones) and insufficiently high taste qualities (compared to mid-season carrot varieties). We invite you to get acquainted with atypically productive and tasty early varieties of carrots.
Carrots "Amsterdam". © good-harvest
The most delicious and aromatic, grown in all climatic zones. Carrots "Amsterdam" - medium size, color - bright orange. The fruit is about 17 cm long and weighs 50-120 grams. It has the shape of a cylinder, a rounded end and a narrow orange center. This is one of the few early ripe carrot varieties, the pulp of which is juicy, tender and sweet.
With proper care and favorable weather, the yield can reach six kilograms per 1 sq. m, ripening period 70-90 days. To obtain a good yield, seeds are sown thicker than usual. The variety is resistant to "blooming" and fruit cracking even with excessive soil moisture.
For growth, you need a light, fertile soil with a plowed layer of great depth. The plant requires regular watering, especially during the growth of root crops, and careful loosening of the soil. The emerging seedlings are thinned out and fed after three weeks. For feeding carrots, only mineral fertilizers are used.
Carrots "Amsterdam" are good in their natural form, in the manufacture of juices, salads, children adore it, it is used in dietary nutrition. It retains its taste during heat treatment.
A distinctive feature of this variety is its trade appearance, sufficient availability of useful components, pleasant taste and juiciness. The body of the carrot is smooth, smooth, dark orange in color with a reddish tint, cylindrical in shape with a blunt end. Reaches up to 21 cm in length, weight 85-200 grams. The core is small, the same color as the flesh.
It is sown in spring or autumn (winter sowing). The growing season is 70-80 days. Spring planting dates vary by region. You can sow when the soil temperature warms up to + 10 ° C. Productivity reaches up to 6 kg / 1m².
The soil is preferable loamy or sandy, soft, loose. Before sowing, soak the seeds in water for a day. The open field sowing site should be well lit by the sun. After sowing the seeds, the beds are watered with warm water and mulched with a thin layer of straw or compost. After thinning, the distance between shoots should be 5 cm, the rows are placed at a distance of 20 cm.
To obtain juicy and sweet carrots, the "Tushon" variety is grown at an air temperature of at least + 20 ° C; at low night temperatures in spring, the plants should be protected with a canopy made of foil.
Tushon carrots are consumed fresh and used to prepare various dishes. Suitable for baby food due to its good taste and high carotene content (11.9%).
High-yielding variety. The root crop is small, only about 5 cm long, round in shape. Fast ripening, maturing period less than 72 days. The yield is quite high, has an excellent taste, and is immune to common diseases. The lack of sprinkling and "color" make this variety attractive to most gardeners.
Observing the rules of caring for the plant, they harvest up to 8 kg from 1 sq. m. Stored for a long time, compared to other varieties of early carrots.
Carrots "Parisian Carotel", with juicy tender pulp, are perfect for making juice and eating raw, as well as for dietary nutrition.
A relatively new, delicate variety of bright orange carrots, the fruits of which, when ripe, take the shape of a cylinder with a slight narrowing at the bottom. It grows up to 16 cm long, weighing 120-160 g. There is practically no core inside the root crop.
The ripening period is surprisingly short, only 55-70 days. Seeds are sown in open ground in April-May in grooves one centimeter deep. The gaps between the rows are kept 20 cm. Thinning the seedlings, leave five centimeters between the plants.
High-quality care allows you to get a high yield - up to 6.5 kg per square meter. Stores well, suitable for collection in bunches.
The excellent taste, juiciness and sweetness of Muscat Orange carrots make them ideal for feeding children, making juices and purees.
One of the most attractive early ripening carrots with an unusual bright purple skin. The core of this carrot is orange.
Unusual coloration does not require any special growing conditions. Seeds are sown in the ground in early spring. It is necessary to ensure that the ground does not dry out, but also not too wet. Stagnant water is unacceptable. In the process of carrot growth, the soil is loosened, fertilized, weeds are removed and the seedlings are thinned out.
The root vegetable has a sweet taste, contains a large amount of vitamins A and beta-carotene. Carrots "Dragon" are recommended by nutritionists for use to strengthen immunity, normalize blood pressure and improve blood composition, maintain heart function and improve appearance.
It is better to eat fresh. When cooked, carrots lose their exotic purple color and some of the nutrients.
In order to grow a good harvest of carrots, you need to know what diseases this type of vegetable is predisposed to. "Sentyabrina" most often affects:
For many fungal diseases and bacteria, the preparations Guapsin and Mikosan are used, Trichodermin removes root rot well, Verticillin fights against aphids.
More information can be found in the video:
Proper care of Sentyabrina carrots, attention to the appearance of the tops and elimination of possible diseases in the early stages will significantly increase the yield of juicy, sweet and tasty, self-grown carrots.