Asparagus and other interesting pea varieties


Tsar Pea

Pea varieties Purple sugar

Peas Is one of the main leguminous crops in Russia. In general, the life of Russians has long been associated with this plant. It seems that it is not at all accidental that the fairytale king was called Peas. And now this culture grows in almost every vegetable garden.

After all, not only children love tender peas in milky ripeness, but adults are not at all averse to feasting on them. The most delicious is sugar peas, which even have blades that are tender and sweet.

Today there are very good, fruitful varieties of both grain and sugar peas. And more recently, a completely unusual variety appeared on sale - Purple Sugar. Instead of the usual green beans, it has purple beans on its plants.

Imagine: garden peas are growing, they have purple flowers that emit a delicate aroma - everything looks very decorative. If you haven't tried growing yet - plant it, you won't regret it! This is a climbing plant up to 150 cm high, it will delight you with its decorative and taste qualities. This variety is rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins. Blooms profusely in May - July with beautiful large purple fragrant flowers.

The variety is mid-season, from full sprouting to technical ripeness of peas for 60-70 days. The bean is green-violet with a weak parchment layer up to 8 cm long. There are nine purple seeds in the bean. In wax (technical ripeness) peas are sugar, cerebral, green, large.

The beans are used for fresh consumption, for making soups, side dishes, canning and freezing. Thanks to their unusual color, it is very convenient to harvest. Blue-violet beans (yes, the fruit of the pea is a bean, not a pod, as they incorrectly call it) peep out from under the green foliage, they are clearly visible on the bushes, and you do not need to look for them, straining your eyes. The beans have a strong waxy coating, which prevents excessive evaporation of water, so the peas of this variety are always juicy.

We also have other leguminous crops in our garden. A very interesting variety of peas with large wide beans - Russian size. Unprecedentedly large, not less than 1 cm in diameter, peas just ask for - enjoy us! Delicate and sweet, they are unusually good fresh, suitable for freezing and canning.

Pea varieties Black chickpeas

Other interesting varieties of peas can give a good harvest: Altai emerald, Giant, Delicacy Summer, Children's joy, Calypso, Kelvedon miracle, Moscow delicacy, Oscar, Premium sugar, Sugar - 2, Amber.

And for gourmet culinary delights, there are no better grains of other legumes: chickpeas, nakhut, white and black ranks, purple tetragonolobus, or purple tetragon (asparagus peas - because they taste like asparagus). Dishes made from these types of legumes are very tasty and healthy.

Sowing them, like other varieties and types of peas, must be done very early, as soon as the soil is ripe. Seeds germinate at a temperature of + 1 ... + 2 ° C; seedlings appear at + 4 ... + 5 ° С, they are resistant to frosts down to -7 ... -8 ° С. It is good to plant it along the main paths in the garden: then you can pluck the beans in passing, without letting the hoe out of your hands, and eat it right there, removing the thin fiber along the seam.

For hot meals and side dishes, you can boil the whole young beans in salted water for just one minute. Overexpose - and the beans will disintegrate into fragments, lose the brightness of the color. Later, when the grains become up to one centimeter in diameter, I husk them out of the flaps and cook them like green peas for salads - I just boil them for one minute in salted boiling water. Then you need to use the peas right away - I put them in summer salads with cucumbers, cabbage broccoli, with rice and tomatoes. Productivity of beans in milk ripeness -0.6-1.5 kg / m².

We will send seeds of all the varieties of sugar and other types of peas listed above, interesting varieties of beans, beans, cowpea, okra, chufa, peppers, tomatoes. Please do not forget to include a fully self-addressed stamped envelope when submitting your order. We will send the catalog free of charge.

We will send seeds of all the varieties of sugar and other types of peas listed above, interesting varieties of beans, beans, cowpea, okra, chufa, peppers, tomatoes. Our online store http://www.semenabrizhan.ru/shop, +7 (861) 646-28-76, Valery Ivanovich Brizhan, (from 16:00 to 18:00 and from 08:00 to 09:00 Moscow time)

Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener
Photo by the author


Varieties of vegetable peas

Pea cultivars grown by gardeners in their backyard plots can be divided into three varieties.

Peeling

In shelling peas, only grains are eaten. The pods themselves are inedible due to the tough "parchment" layer on the inside. The same variety is used to prepare dried peas, which are then sold in stores.

Petite Provencal

French variety, one of the smallest (the height of the bush does not exceed 40–45 cm). Does not require support. Belongs to the category of early ripening, the harvest ripens in 55-60 days after germination. The grains are characterized by a high protein content (over 25%), which means greater nutritional value.

Peas of the Petite Provencal variety, due to their high protein content, may well replace meat for vegetarians

The pods are deep green, pointed, reaching a length of 8 cm. The peas are small, very juicy. Fruiting is amicable.

Afilla

A variety from the late ripening category, which is easy to recognize by the almost complete absence of leaves. They have transformed into a mustache, woven into a dense "mesh" that supports the bush. Therefore, he does not need support. Plant height is about 50–55 cm. The undoubted advantage is the "innate" immunity to powdery mildew.

Afill's peas still have leaves, but there are very few of them.

The pods are deep green, slightly flattened. Each has 6-9 peas, very juicy and sweetish in taste. The crop must be harvested regularly - this stimulates the formation of new ovaries, thereby prolonging the fruiting period.

Abador

A variety from Holland. In Russia, it is recognized as the most suitable for cultivation in the North Caucasus and Western Siberia. In terms of ripening, it belongs to the mid-season, the yield is massive. The seeds reach full maturity in 46-60 days. The variety is suitable for mechanized harvesting.

Abador peas are valued for the mass fruiting

Slightly curved pods, rich green color. The average length is 8–10 cm, the diameter is about 1 cm. The peas are rather small, lettuce-colored, sometimes with slightly wrinkled skin. The taste is excellent.

Adagumsky

Suitable for cultivation throughout the European part of Russia, as well as in the Urals and Eastern Siberia. Bred in Crimea almost 30 years ago. The ripening period is mid-season. The harvest ripens in 68-73 days after mass germination. The height of the stem is 70–80 cm, the leaves, in contrast to the antennae, are few. The variety demonstrates good resistance to powdery mildew and ascochitosis, but is not completely immune from infection.

Peas Adagumsky for almost 30 years of cultivation has proved that it has much more advantages than disadvantages.

The pods are almost straight, with a pointed tip, bright green in color. The length does not exceed 7 cm. Each has 6-9 lime-colored peas. The taste is excellent both fresh and canned.

Gloriosa

One of the recent achievements of Russian breeders. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region. The crop ripens en masse, 56–57 days after germination. The stem height is no more than 60–70 cm. The variety is immune to ascochitosis and fusarium wilt. Seedlings can withstand temperatures as low as -6 ° C.

Even young shoots of Gloriosa peas show very high frost resistance.

The pods are light green in color, with a more or less pronounced bend and a pointed tip, resembling a saber in shape. The average length is 7–8 cm, each with 7–9 grains. The peas are small, greenish, slightly wrinkled. The yield is very good - 0.9–1.3 kg / m².

Madonna

The variety is originally from Germany, in terms of ripening it belongs to the middle late. It is valued for its productivity, it tolerates drought very well, ripe pods do not crumble. Of the diseases, ascochitis and root rot are the most dangerous for him. Suitable for mechanized harvesting. Demanding on lighting, proper watering is necessary.

To achieve the highest possible yield, Madonna's peas need regular watering and enough sunlight.

The stem height varies from 53 to 95 cm. The beans are slightly curved, the top is blunt. Each contains 6–7 peas. The protein content is high - 22.5-23.7%.

Pharaoh

A very popular mid-late variety. The crop ripens in 68–85 days. The stem height reaches 1 m. It is valued for its ability to endure heat and drought without much damage to itself, high immunity. Not prone to lodging. Can become infected with root rot and ascochitis.

Peas Pharaoh does not pay much attention to the heat and prolonged drought

There are practically no leaves. Flowers, which is not typical for peas, are collected in inflorescences of three. Pods are slightly curved, bright green, 8-9 cm long. Each has 6-8 rounded or slightly flattened peas.

Fokor

A variety recommended for cultivation in the Volga and Stavropol regions. The peas are medium late, ready to eat in 74–88 days. The variety tolerates drought well, practically does not crumble, ripening. The stem height varies from 45 to 88 cm. The weak point of this pea is fungal diseases. The most dangerous are ascochitis and root rot, somewhat less often it suffers from powdery mildew, rust and anthracnose.

A significant disadvantage of Fokor peas is susceptibility to infection with pathogenic fungi

The pods are slightly curved, with a blunt apex. Each contains 4-10 peas, shaped like an egg. They are painted in an unusual yellowish color with a pinkish undertone. The skin is smooth, matte.

Prelado

A very widespread variety of Dutch selection in Europe. In Russia, it is best suited for growing in the North Caucasus. Belongs to the category of early. The harvest ripens in just 45–55 days, massively. The variety does not suffer from fusarium wilt and mosaic virus. Resistant to lodging. It tolerates heat well.

Prelado is one of the most widespread pea varieties in Europe.

The pods are almost straight, short (6–7 cm), flattened, dark green in color. Each contains seven rather small peas. The taste qualities of both fresh and canned peas deserve only rave reviews.

Jackpot

The new variety comes from Denmark. In Europe, it is already considered the best production. Ripens in 65–81 days. Recommended in Russia for cultivation in the Central Region. Stem height - 46–86 cm. Leaves are practically absent. The cultivar shows excellent resistance to lodging and shedding. Of the diseases, it is most often affected by ascochitis. Drought does not tolerate too well.

Pea Jackpot is widely grown commercially

The pods are straight or nearly straight, the tip is blunt. The peas are almost regular spherical, yellowish on the cut. The protein content is very high - over 27%.

Rocket

The variety is almost leafless, appreciated for its high yield. Recommended for growing in central Russia and the Black Sea region. Ripens in 68–96 days. The stem height varies from 60 to 95 cm. This variety can be sown earlier than others; returnable spring frosts do not harm the seedlings. Peas are relatively rarely affected by gray rot and ascochitis, but for some reason the pea weevil has a special love for it. It tolerates drought somewhat worse than other varieties.

Rocket peas are not harmed by returnable spring frosts

Pods with an almost imperceptible bend, blunt apex. Peas of irregular rounded-angular shape. The protein content is relatively low - 20.9-22.1%.

Belmondo

Variety of German selection, recommended for cultivation in the Black Sea region. Peas ripen in 70–90 days. Valued for lodging resistance, suitable for early planting and mechanized harvesting. The height of the stem is 55–90 cm. There are very few leaves. Of the diseases, the most dangerous are rust, ascochitis and powdery mildew, and of the pests - the pea weevil.

The greatest harm to the Belmondo variety can be caused by a pea weevil.

Pods up to 10 cm long, almost round when cut. Each contains 7-8 large oval-shaped peas.

Alpha

Suitable for growing throughout Russia. The variety is early, the harvest ripens in 46-53 days. Plant height does not exceed 50–55 cm. This pea shows good resistance to fusarium and ascochitosis.

Alpha peas rarely suffer from fusarium and ascochitis.

The curvature of the pod is more or less pronounced, the apex is pointed. The average length is 7–9 cm, the diameter is 1.2–1.4 cm. Each has 5–9 peas. Grains in the form of a cube with rounded edges, greenish-yellow. In terms of calorie content, these peas are 1.5–2 times higher than other varieties.

Cerebral

This group of varieties owes its name to the wrinkled peel of the peas. Compared to other varieties, cereal peas have a lower starch content. Thanks to this, the palatability improves, the sweetness is felt stronger. Peas acquire a characteristic "folding" towards the end of the growing season or during heat treatment. It is cereal peas that are used for canning on an industrial scale.

Early 301

A time-tested variety, it has been listed in the State Register for over 60 years. It is advised to cultivate it in central Russia and in Western Siberia. Variety from the early category. Grains reach their technical maturity in 60–64 days, and complete in 68–75 days. The stem height is about 70 cm. Of the diseases for the variety, powdery mildew and ascochitis are the most dangerous.

Early 301 peas have been tested by several generations of gardeners and are still popular.

The pods are straight or slightly curved, with a blunt top, deep green in color. The average length is 6–8 cm, the diameter is 1.2–1.4 cm. Each has 5–7 peas, similar to a cube with rounded edges. The harvest ripens in large quantities.

Voronezh green

Recommended for growing in central Russia and the Black Sea region. The variety is very early, the harvest ripens en masse, in 42–54 days. The stem is 70–90 cm high. The use of supports is desirable. The most dangerous for this pea is Fusarium; it resists ascochitosis and white rot somewhat better.

Voronezh green peas can be seriously affected by fusarium

Beans with a slight curvature and a pointed tip, bright green. The peas are round, yellowish, with a white rib. The yield is not bad - 0.9–1.3 kg / m².

Dinga

A variety from Germany. In Russia, it is recognized as suitable for cultivation in the North-West region. The crop ripens in 53–70 days. The stem height is about 95 cm. The cultivar is immune to fusarium but is susceptible to powdery mildew and mosaic virus infections. Of the pests, the most dangerous is the pea moth.

The pea moth has a special love for the Dinga variety.

The curvature of the pod is almost imperceptible, the apex is pointed. Average length - 11 cm, diameter - 1.2-1.3 cm. Each has 9-10 matte green peas.

Premium

The variety is advised to be cultivated in the Black Sea region and in the North-West region. It belongs to the early maturing category. The harvest ripens together, on average in 55-60 days, mechanized harvesting is possible. The variety has good immunity against diseases typical of the culture.

Peas Premium are suitable for mechanized harvesting, which makes the variety interesting for professional farmers

Pods with a noticeable bend, dark green, blunt top.Average length - 8 cm, diameter - 1.35 cm. Each has 9 peas. Average yield - 0.3-0.6 kg / m².

Tropar

The variety is recognized as suitable for cultivation in the Black Sea region. Belongs to the category of early, peas reach technical ripeness in 44–48 days. The stem height does not exceed 45–50 cm. The cultivar is well resistant to root rot, ascochitosis, and fusarium. Of the pests, the most dangerous are the pea moth and tuberous weevil.

Peas Tropar have good immunity against most common diseases in the culture.

The pods are almost straight, with a blunt apex, 6–7 cm long. Each has 6–7 pale green peas of irregular rounded-angular shape. Average yield - 0.2-0.6 kg / m².

Belladonna 136

The variety is late ripening, tolerates frosts well (even for peas). This applies to both seedlings and adult plants. Differs in good drought resistance. It is appreciated for its high immunity.

Belladonna 136 peas are easy to identify thanks to the unusual coloration of the pods.

Pods up to 10 cm long, with a slight bend, inky purple. Each has 7-9 peas of an unusual bluish-green color. The taste is excellent, sweetish.

Sugar

It differs from other varieties in that you can eat not only the grains themselves, but also the pods. They are devoid of a hard "parchment" layer. Peas taste, as the name suggests, sweetish.

Kelvedon miracle

Also found under the name The Miracle of Calvedon. A very common variety, one of the most popular varieties of sugar peas. It is valued for its high frost resistance even against the background of other varieties. In terms of ripening, it is considered medium early, the harvest can be removed 60–65 days after germination. The pods are 8–9 cm long, with a slight bend, each with 6–9 rather large peas. The yield is very good - 1.2–1.5 kg / m².

Peas Kelvedon Miracle - a very popular sugar variety

The bush is 50–70 cm high. It grows very interestingly, as if it clings to itself with its antennae. Does not need support. It practically does not suffer from diseases, demonstrating good resistance to ascochitosis and all types of rot.

Oscar

Czech variety popular in Russia, one of the earliest. Recommended for disembarkation in the Black Sea region. Ripens in just 42–45 days. Stem no more than 0.5 m high. The variety is resistant to fusarium, mechanized harvesting is possible. Fruiting is amicable.

Oscar is a Czech pea variety that performs very well in Russia

The pods are strongly curved, the apex is pointed. The average length is 9 cm. The parchment layer is present, but very weakly expressed. The peas are bright green, each pod contains 10–12 of them.

Sugar Oregon

Also sometimes referred to as Oregon Suga. The variety is mid-season, the fruiting period is long. The height of the stem is 1–1.2 m. The presence of a trellis is desirable.

Oregon Sugar Peas are characterized by a long fruiting period

The pods are slightly curved, almost flat, light green in color, the top is blunt. The average length is 9–10 cm. Each has 5–7 large peas. The yield is very good - 1.55 kg / m².

Sweet friend

Russian is a relatively new variety. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region. In terms of ripening - medium early or medium. It depends on the weather in summer. The harvest ripens in 53–62 days. Fruiting is massive. Stem height - 80 cm or slightly more. The variety is suitable for mechanized harvesting.

The ripening period of peas Sweet friend depends on how the summer is in terms of the weather

The pods are almost straight, elongated (9–10 cm) and wide, with a pointed tip. Each contains 7-8 peas with smooth skin. Its color and color on the cut are practically the same.

Baby sweet

It is listed in the State Register for three years. Belongs to the mid-early category. The stem is about 95 cm high. Trellis is desirable. The flowers are unusually large.

Sweet peas for children - one of the recent achievements of breeders

The pods are slightly curved, long and wide, lettuce green. The peas are medium-sized, leveled. The yield is very good - 1–1.5 kg / m².

Friendly family

The variety is from the early ripening category, the harvest ripens in 55-57 days. The stem height is 60–70 cm. The yield is high (0.9–1.3 kg / m²), so the plants need support.

Peas A friendly family needs support - the stem bends and breaks under the weight of the harvest

Slightly curved pods, light green color. The average length is 8–10 cm. Each has 6–10 peas.

Ambrosia

There are no restrictions on the growing region. Variety from the early category. The crop can be harvested 45–56 days after germination. The height of the stem is 50–70 cm. Installation of a trellis may be required. Immunity is generally good, with the exception of fusarium.

Ambrosia peas rarely suffer from fungal diseases, an unpleasant exception is fusarium

The pods are slightly curved, light green in color, the tip is pointed. The average length is 8–10 cm, each with 6–8 grains. The peas are medium-sized, oval in shape. The skin is green, they are yellowish on the cut. The variety has a very positive attitude to the introduction of potash and phosphorus fertilizers - the fruiting period is noticeably extended, the yield increases.

Inexhaustible 195

An old variety, tested by more than one generation of gardeners. It reaches its technical maturity in 45-60 days, and full in 70-90 days. The stem height varies from 75 to 115 cm. The flowers are very large, solitary. The harvest ripens in large quantities.

Pea Inexhaustible 195 stands out for its large flowers

The pods are almost straight, lettuce-colored, with a blunt top. Often there are "constrictions" that turn them into something like a rosary. The average length is 8–10 cm, the diameter is 1.6–1.8 cm. Each has 6–7 peas. They are noticeably flattened, angular, yellowish-green.

Zhegalova 112

Another pea variety that has been popular for over 70 years. It can be grown everywhere except the Volga region, Eastern Siberia and the Far East. The ripening period of the crop is medium or late. Peas reach technical maturity in 50-60 days, and complete in 90-110 days. The stem is long (1.2–1.8 m), curly. Fruiting is amicable.

Pea Zhegalova 112 is a very common medium late variety in Russia.

The pods are almost straight, xiphoid, light green, very large. The average length is 10-15 cm, the diameter is 2.3-2.5 cm. Each has 5-8 flattened irregular peas.

Sugar Prince

One of the novelties of breeding. There are no restrictions on the growing region. The crop ripens in 65–70 days. The stem is curly, about 70 cm long. Support is desirable.

Peas Sugar Prince is suitable for growing almost throughout Russia

Pods are slightly curved, 12–14 cm long, with a pointed tip. The peas are rather small, dark green, with slightly wrinkled skin. The yield is very good - 1.2–1.4 kg / m².

Refined

On the territory of Russia, this pea can be grown everywhere. Variety from the early category. The stem is very long, 1.5 m or more. The flowers are large, with a rare red-burgundy hue.

Refined peas are very easy to identify during flowering.

The pods are almost without bend, very long and wide. The parchment layer is present, but weakly expressed. The peas are small. The average yield is 1–1.2 kg / m².

Video: sugar and shell peas


The best varieties of peas with photos and descriptions

The best varieties of peas are "heard" by gardeners, but every year breeders are developing new, improved species. Bred cultivars for fresh consumption, for culinary processing and blanks. Plants are unpretentious, high-yielding, there are even cold-resistant ones. The culture is divided into 2 varieties according to the structure of the pod:

  • peeling, with parchment flaps
  • sugar or asparagus (there is semi-sugar) with fleshy, edible walls.

Distinguish between peas of both varieties according to the shape of the grains:

  • smooth
  • cerebral, with a wrinkled surface after maturation.

According to the purpose of the variety there are:

  • universal, used for eating fresh, preserving green peas and cooking various dishes from ripe hard grains
  • canning - blanks are made from green peas, since they are too hard for culinary processing
  • dining rooms - hard, starchy peas are easy to boil in soups and mashed potatoes.

Grains of almost all varieties are consumed in the phase of milk (silage) maturity. High-quality varieties do not lie down and do not spontaneously get enough sleep.

  1. Shelling pea variety
  2. Feltham first
  3. Vegetable miracle
  4. Dakota
  5. Fork
  6. Voronezh green
  7. Dinga
  8. Meteor
  9. Tall pea varieties
  10. Giant
  11. Miracle scapula
  12. Telephone
  13. Zhegalova 112
  14. Sugar snap
  15. Brain Pea Varieties
  16. Golden eagle
  17. Honey cake
  18. Adagumsky
  19. Prelado
  20. Tropar
  21. Large pea varieties
  22. Gribovsky 11
  23. Emerald
  24. Russian size F1
  25. Sweet pea varieties
  26. Ambrosia
  27. Baby sugar
  28. Oscar
  29. Slider-Sugar
  30. Sugar
  31. Pea varieties that do not require support
  32. Avola peas
  33. Alpha
  34. Early ripening pea varieties
  35. Innovesa
  36. Corwin
  37. Pea varieties for Siberia
  38. Nikita
  39. Sprinter
  40. Conclusion
  41. Reviews of the best varieties of peas

Pea varieties. Which one is better to choose?

Conventionally known and popular pea varietal varieties are divided into two large categories:

  • Peeling (Atlant, Vera, Premium, Sunrise, Viola, etc.).
  • Sugar ("Oscar", "Giant", "Bastion", "Friendly", "Everest", etc.).

Among all directions there are early, mid-season and late varieties.

What are their main differences? Peeling machines are stored longer and more reliably. But they only eat peas. By the way, they are more sugary. And sugar varieties can be eaten not only with peas, but also with pods. The whole fruit will be equally tasty and sweet. However, sugar varieties are less well stored. They are often planted for immediate consumption, fresh.


Description of peas

Peas - annual herb. Stem climbing. Leaves compound plumose. The last leaves of the leaf are modified into long whiskers. With the help of the whiskers, the peas cling to the support and grow upward. Without support, it would grow on the ground, since it has a weak, unstable stem. Peas have large stipules. Flowers peas are white or pink.

Peas are divided into several groups: dwarf (up to 60 cm high), medium-sized (up to 100 cm high) and tall (up to 150 cm high).

Peas are still divided into shelling, sugar andcerebral... Sugar and shell peas are used in the food industry. A bioplastic is also made from a peeling plant. Brain peas are not used for soups; they are mainly grown for the canning industry.


Pests and diseases of peas

The most important and widespread pest of peas is pea weevil... It reduces seed germination, yield, damages the peas themselves.

Note that yellow-grain pea varieties are less resistant to the pest. Therefore, it is better to choose green pea varieties.

It is also recommended to plant early and, accordingly, harvest early peas.

If the plants are still amazed, they are destroyed and the land is well cultivated where the peas were planted.

Especially for LadySpecial.ru - Margot

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