Mushrooms


One of the leisure activities in the country is quiet hunting: picking mushrooms. In the "Mushrooms" section, you will find useful tips on which mushrooms and where to pick, as well as which mushrooms should never be picked. Recipes for pickling mushrooms are given.

Dung, which is harmless under normal conditions, causes discomfort in people who are drunk. Powder should be added to food in the morning for three months. Already by the end of the second month, alcohol consumption should be halved.

Chaga in official medicine is used as a symptomatic remedy for peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, cancer. In folk medicine, it is used to lower blood pressure, blood sugar levels.

When I first saw the gray dung beetle (koprinus), I could not even think that it was edible. And now this mushroom has been growing on my site for many years. It can be grown on the same nutritional basis as champignon.

In Russia, perhaps, mushroom picking is in the first place after two other common hobbies - fishing and hunting. Literally every autumn, forests, woods and hills become overly inhabited - hundreds of mushroom pickers rush in search of the cherished and useful delicacy.

Quite soon, the season of quiet hunting will burst - the season of collecting tasty and healthy mushrooms, and rows of mushroom pickers will stretch in orderly rows into the forests in order to collect as many of these gifts of nature as possible. When they come home, they can cook them or dry them and leave them in reserve. Unfortunately, not all mushrooms are useful, some can be severely poisoned, and a number of especially dangerous ones may well lead to the death of a person.

The overwhelming majority of valuable mushrooms are closely related to certain tree species, forming with them a fungus root, or mycorrhiza. Therefore, these mushrooms are called mycorrhizal. The mycorrhizal fungi itself, although with great difficulty, can still exist without a tree, but it never forms fungi directly. Why this is happening is still an insoluble problem.

Recall that the mushroom red mushroom (Amanita muscaria) has a bright red cap with large white or slightly yellowish warts. His leg is white, solid. And of course, everyone knows that this mushroom is poisonous, but not to such an extent that it is necessary to bypass it a mile away and be afraid of contact with it. You can try to eat a small piece of it raw, it may even taste like it. A lethal dose of poison is contained if you eat 3-4 fly agaric at once!

The scientific name of the fungus is Flammulina velutipes. In boring Latin names one can sometimes hear amazing poetics - the generic name literally translates as "fiery mushroom", and the specific name - as "velvety-footed". In general, the name corresponds to the appearance - the caps of the mushrooms of a bright yellow, honey color "burn" with lights in a dark winter forest. It was winter - this year I had to collect them in January! So if in winter in the forest among the snowdrifts you come across a man with a basket, do not rush to twist your finger at your temple and call an ambulance. It's just that someone knows more about mushrooms than you do.

The first serious autumn frosts, as a rule, discourage mushroom pickers from going into the forest with a basket. The season is closed! However, if the frost is followed by a thaw, as happened this October, the residents of the Leningrad Region have every chance to please themselves with a “quiet hunt” even in late autumn and diversify the menu.

The cep, for example, appears especially abundantly once every five years, the honey mushroom pleases mushroom pickers once every three years, while the chanterelle, according to Yu. G. Semenov, bears fruit according to a more complex pattern - five fruitful years are followed by five low-yielding ones. There are mushrooms that appear every four, six, seven years!

Summer is the time for rest, vacations, forest walks. Mushroom picking has long been considered a traditional type of recreation for the townspeople. The advantages of "quiet hunting" have been known for a long time, tens of thousands of Petersburgers every weekend head to the forest, armed with baskets and penknives. And the sad statistics - the number of mushroom poisonings - sound especially alarming every year. So what reliable ways are there to tell an edible mushroom from a poisonous one?

For us, city dwellers, spring is associated with the sun, a drop, dirt on the roads, a runny nose, and anything other than mushrooms. Mushrooms grow in summer and autumn - we say with confidence. And let's be mistaken - there are mushrooms that grow in spring, and they feel pretty good. Here we will talk about them in our article.


When mushrooms can appear

Remember! Fungi cannot appear on a healthy tree (except for honey fungus, but this is rare). Therefore, if there are no breaks on the tree and the summer resident carefully monitors the condition, no problems should appear.

Fungi appear when the tree is mature. Moreover, if there are a large number of them, they will be noticeable on young trees that have large wounds or cracks. Initially, they are fixed on the cortex, and later they begin to penetrate the walls of living cells.

The main danger is posed by open hollows, any infection can appear in them. Therefore, it is always necessary to deal with them in the early stages. Some summer residents are completely ready to get rid of a tree if a hollow has appeared in it, because they perfectly understand that he does not have so long to live. And if it gives a small harvest for a couple of years, isn't it easier to plant a new tree in advance?


Mushrooms - garden and vegetable garden

  • Garden
    • Tomatoes
    • Peppers
    • Cucumbers
    • Cabbage
    • Carrot
    • Eggplant
    • Zucchini
    • Potatoes
    • Radish
    • Beet
    • Greens
    • Garden flowers
    • Houseplants
  • Flower garden
    • Roses
    • Gladioli
    • Clematis
    • Wisteria
  • Berry
    • Strawberries and strawberries
    • Raspberries
    • Currant
    • Honeysuckle
    • Blueberry
    • Cherry
    • Sweet cherry
    • Grapes
    • Gooseberry
    • Blackberry
    • Barberry
  • Trees
    • Apricot
    • Pear
    • Peach
    • Plum
    • Apple tree
  • Diseases and pests
  • Blanks
  • TOPs and Ratings of varieties
    • ROSES - the best varieties
    • Tomatoes
    • Peppers
    • Cucumbers
    • Cabbage
    • Carrot
    • Zucchini and Eggplant
    • Potatoes
    • Radish
    • Beet
    • The best varieties of strawberries and strawberries
    • Apricot
    • Pear
    • Cherry and Sweet cherry
    • Currant
    • Raspberries
  • Yet
    • Fertilizers
    • Mushrooms
    • Useful Tips
    • Health

Edible mushrooms

For example, russula, white, milk mushrooms, birch, etc., after processing are used for food. For food purposes, mushrooms are grown as crops or harvested in natural growing areas.

Picking up mushrooms, or "mushroom hunting", is a popular type of outdoor activity or hobby in many countries.

Due to the high content of chitin in mushrooms, their nutritional value is low, and they are difficult for the body to assimilate. However, the nutritional value of mushrooms lies not so much in their nutritional value, but in their high aromatic and taste qualities, therefore they are used for seasonings, dressings, in dried, salted, pickled form, as well as in the form of powders.

Poisonous mushrooms

For example, many fly agarics are generally not used for food purposes, but some people use certain types of them after special processing (mainly multiple digestion). However, such processing does not always lead to the desired result, it all depends on the size of the dose and the nature of the absorbed toxins, as well as on the weight of the person and his individual susceptibility, age (in general, mushrooms are much more dangerous for children than for adults).

Hallucinogenic mushrooms

(psychogenic, "magic", "magic" mushrooms) - the common name for the species of mushrooms, the fruiting bodies of which contain hallucinogenic (psychedelic) substances. Eating these mushrooms affects the mind and induces experiences called psychedelic experiences, or trips. Since ancient times, hallucinogenic mushrooms have been used by humans as entheogens during religious ceremonies, as well as in small doses as psychostimulants. According to some sources, the regular uncontrolled use of psychogenic mushrooms can lead to dangerous negative consequences for both the psyche and physical health.

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How to sow mushrooms

I found such an interesting way of growing mushrooms on the Internet! Maybe someone has already tried it, share - does it work or not?! Or maybe there are other ways?

Preparingmushroom seedlings - simply. A cap of an already overripe mushroom (white or boletus) is taken. It is ground in an ordinary manual meat grinder. Placed in a bottle of water. Next comes the way to "awaken" fungal spores. “To awaken a dispute in nature, it needs to go through the intestines of a bunny or a hedgehog. What kind of environment in this intestine affects this dispute? Extremely aggressive towards food - it, this environment, breaks down this food. To recreate such an environment at home, put a couple of teaspoons of French yeast in a liter bottle.

This mixture costs about a month. The pulp of the mushrooms settles at the bottom of the bottle. It must be removed. And all that is on top should be drained into a separate vessel.
That's it - the seed solution is ready.

It is necessary to take into account the concentration - in one mushroom - not a million, and not even a billion spores. A billion.
And therefore, you do not need to water with a solution of this concentration.
The proportion is taken - a glass of ready-made solution with spores from a bottle to a barrel of water (a two-hundred-liter plastic barrel). And watered from an ordinary garden watering can, preferably about THOSE tree species, near which the mushroom was found.
If the birch was found near the birch, then pour it next to the birches.
If white - near an oak (and this happens) - then pouring near an oak.
Here the fact is that both the brown birch and the porcini mushroom are always in close connection with the roots of the trees. And disputes "remember" and "know how" to build relationships with the species of trees near which their mother grew.

And you can "sow". At least - in the country, at least in the neighboring forest. Where the heart desires!


Watch the video: Die wunderbare Welt der Pilze


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