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Stamp forms, especially of ornamental plants, have been in great demand and popularity in the world for quite some time. This trend is also gaining momentum in our country: many gardeners - amateurs and professionals - try to either surprise the blurry looks of their neighbors, or simply to please themselves and their loved ones and plant this simple miracle on their site - a stem. They are on sale, but they are not cheap there either. It is another matter to create a stem by yourself, especially since it is not difficult, and using irga and chokeberry, it is also inexpensive.
A stem is an artificially formed tree with an even trunk, freed from unnecessary branches, with a height of about one meter.
Such a tree looks like a trunk sticking out of the ground, the top of this trunk is a crown, usually in the shape of a ball. Standard trees are very beautiful, and thanks to the high and even trunk, they are more stable, less sick and look aesthetically attractive.
Peas need to be prepared for planting and growing. This process begins by sorting the seeds. To determine the quality material, a tablespoon of table salt is dissolved in one liter of boiled warm water. Then peas are placed in this liquid for 2-3 hours. The emerged specimens are selected and thrown away, and those that remain at the bottom are left for sowing into the ground.
Experts advise purchasing two-year-old forsythia seedlings, it is better not to take it older, since the older the plant, the more difficult it is for it to adapt to new conditions. If the bush is less than two years old, it may not take root either.
It is better to opt for a plant that has:
In general, you need to choose the plant whose appearance you like is not satisfactory. But it will not be superfluous to look at the neighboring seedlings, because if other bushes are sick with something, then, most likely, all planting material is infected.
Clematis is popularly called clematis. Liana has strong leaf petioles that allow the shoot to stay upright on planes. But in this case, the plant needs supports that will help to let the shoots up. Clematis branches, especially with flowers, are quite heavy, so external support for proper growth is necessary for all varieties, including Ashva.
Clematis love light, in a sunny area it grows quickly and begins to bloom in time, while in the shade it slows down growth and flowering. Clematis is not planted in places exposed to drafts and winds. The wind can break or confuse shoots, pick flowers, destroy buds.
Planting clematis is carried out in light and loose soil. Air and moisture should easily penetrate the root system. Clematis loves neutral soil. Therefore, if acidic prevails on the site, wood ash helps to bring acidity. Sawdust and needles are capable of increasing acidity.
When transplanting or during the initial planting, the land is supplied with mineral complex fertilizers, which provide nutrition to clematis during the first two years of life.
When planting several clematis bushes, the distance between the planting pits of 1 meter or more should be observed. When the branches grow, at a shorter distance they become entangled and intertwined, which negatively affects the growth of the plant.
Despite the fact that clematis "Ashva" is able to grow in one place for 30 years, it is advisable to do transplantation procedures and renewal of the bush every 6-7 seasons. This recommendation is due to the fact that the ground part of the plant is regularly pruned, and the root system grows and becomes excessively compacted.
For better growth and abundant flowering, it is recommended to plant clematis next to a fence, other shrubs and perennials. Clematis roots are located close to the surface of the earth, therefore they can suffer from overheating. If you plant calendula or marigolds nearby, this problem can be avoided. At the same time, the smell of these plants will scare away pests.
After reaching the age of two, the plant needs regular feeding. Twice a season, you can fertilize clematis with humus, ash, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. In the hot season, clematis needs increased watering. - the roots must receive a sufficient amount of moisture.
After the end of the growing season and before the onset of winter, the branches of clematis are cut at a distance of 10 cm from the soil level and mulched. The plant, although considered winter-hardy, can suffer from frost during harsh winters.
Correct pruning of clematis:
We have a small area, so I want to accommodate a lot of plants on a trunk on it. How to get this form yourself from irgi and chokeberry (chokeberry)?
- A reliable way to create a tree on a trunk is grafting on a rootstock, compatible with both crops. And here the common mountain ash is ideal.
You can get it from seeds by sowing it now in a pot. Withstand the crops for two weeks in a cool room (+ 10-15 degrees) and then send them under the snow in the garden. Already in the third year of life, the seedlings will be ready for grafting.
It is faster to get rootstocks in the forest (in the next thaw) - it is enough just to pull out the sprouts from the ground, spilling it with warm water, because the roots of the mountain ash are superficial. At the same time, it is better to plant the rootstocks in pots (survival rate is 100%) and leave them in a frost-free, cold room.
Inoculated in the spring with the beginning of sap flow. You can check the readiness by making cuts on the rootstock and scion: if they are wet, it's time! It is best to work on a cloudy, but not rainy day.
The rootstock and scion (stalk with 3-5 buds) are cut obliquely so that both cuts are the same in length and width, but the length is 3-4 times longer than the width. This is a simple copulation method.
The cuts should be straight, smooth, clean and flush tightly together.
They cut in one step, and if it turned out unevenly, retreating slightly, repeat.
The stalk is applied to the stock so that their cambial layers coincide on at least one side.
With improved copulation on the rootstock, a little above the middle of the cut, and on the handle, on the contrary, longitudinal splits are made lower. When combined, the "tongues" fit tightly over each other. This method is used with the same thickness of the rootstock and scion.
Places of cuts are covered with garden varnish and insulated with plastic wrap.
Water the plants immediately. You need to feed them (with nitrogen fertilizers - according to the instructions) all summer, but no later than August. When growing together, after 5-7 days, the buds on the cuttings wake up, shoots begin to grow. As soon as the trunks of the scion and rootstock begin to thicken, the film must be removed.
© Author: Nikolay KHROMOV, Cand. agricultural sciences, Michurinsk