Raspberry remontant. Part 1


Raspberry remont: part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4, part 5, part 6


A new type of fruitful raspberry is conquering Russian gardens, including in the North-West

Raspberries - one of the most beloved and widespread among the people berry culture, which attracts with its amazing qualities characteristic of it. The popularity of this culture is due not only to the attractiveness of berries, their taste, aroma, dietary properties, a harmonious combination of sugars, acids and vitamins, delicate pulp, easy digestibility of the various nutrients it contains, but also a number of healing qualities. Due to their rich biochemical composition, raspberries are successfully used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular, colds, stomach and other diseases.

Raspberries less than other berry crops accumulate in their berries the most dangerous ecotoxicants (heavy metals, radionuclides, herbicides, etc.), which is especially important for areas with unfavorable ecology. Compared to other berry crops, raspberries have other advantages - speed and ease of reproduction, late flowering, which helps to preserve flowers from damage by recurrent spring frosts, a quick entry into the season of fruiting (in the second year after planting), etc.

However, the generally accepted technology for growing raspberry varieties that bear fruit on two-year-old stems is very laborious and energy-intensive.

The remontant raspberry helps out

Now there is an alternative to the generally accepted technology, designed for a two-year cycle of raspberry crop formation. This technology radically changes the way raspberries are grown, making it easier and cheaper.

Reparability, as the ability for continuous fruiting (throughout the growing season), is well known on garden strawberries, when after the main harvest the plants again form inflorescences, bloom and bear fruit a second time.

In raspberries, the term remontability is understood as a slightly different property. Repaired are called raspberry varieties, capable of bearing fruit both on biennial stems and on annual shoots (as in the Indian summer variety in the North-West region). However, getting two crops in one season is usually not practiced, since the first crop on two-year-old stems weakens the plants and delays the onset of maturation of the second, usually more valuable, environmentally friendly crop. Therefore, it is considered expedient to keep raspberries in an annual crop and to obtain only a late summer - early spring harvest on annual shoots. With this technology, in the first half of summer, annual shoots grow intensively in remontant varieties. Closer to the middle of summer, laterals appear (fruit branches from axillary leaf buds), then raspberries bloom, and only in late summer - early autumn the harvest ripens.

Varieties of this type are able to effectively use favorable environmental factors and avoid environmental stress due to a one-season cycle of crop formation and a special technology for their cultivation. For the first time, the sign of remontant raspberry was noticed in the USA 200 years ago. Plants (young shoots of replacement) in the first year of life began to bloom and form a small crop at the tops of the shoots. Over the winter, the tops froze out, they were cut off, and the next summer a crop was formed on the vacated part of the stem, as on ordinary varieties, that is, such remontant varieties were attributed to the group with double fruiting.

A number of remontant varieties have been created abroad (Sentyabrskaya, Heriteydzh, Lyulin, Redwing, Zeva, Ottom Bliz and others) with predominant fruiting on annual shoots. However, to fully ripen their crops, a frost-free period of at least 150-160 days and the sum of active temperatures over 3000 ° C are required. Therefore, for central Russia, these varieties are not of practical interest, since their harvest has time to ripen only 15-30% before the onset of autumn frosts.

The success of the famous breeder scientist

For the Central and Non-Chernozem zones and the North-West, raspberry varieties with a shortened growing season are needed, in which no more than 120-130 frost-free days are required for the full ripening of the crop, with a sum of active temperatures of at least 1800-2000 ° C. Taking into account all these conditions, since the beginning of the 70s, in the Bryansk region, at the Kokinsky stronghold of the All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology for Breeding and Nursery Breeding (Moscow), intensive work has begun on the creation of remontant varieties of raspberries by the academician of the RAASKHNIL, the famous breeder Ivan Vasilyevich Kazakov. In 1973 he created the first domestic variety of the remontant type, Indian Summer, with predominant fruiting on annual shoots. However, in the conditions of Central Russia, the South Urals, South-West Siberia and some other regions, by the beginning of stable autumn frosts on this variety, no more than half of the crop had time to ripen. Therefore, like most varieties of foreign selection, the variety Indian Summer has become widespread only in the southern regions of our country.

Our observations of the Indian Summer variety in the North-West showed that its fruiting zone on annual shoots reaches 20-30 cm only in a warm, prolonged autumn. The rest of the crop is formed only the next year on the remaining two-year stem. Therefore, here it also belongs to the group of double-fruiting varieties.

In order to achieve the desired results in obtaining remontant varieties with single fruiting, which manage to yield crops on annual shoots in late summer - early autumn, it was necessary to change the plants so that they had the ability to start early and fast shoot growth, early flowering and fruiting on all lateral branches. formed in the year of shoot growth (and not only at the top of the one-year shoot).

All this was achieved through selective breeding. Such success was achieved by Academician of RAASKhNIL I.V. Kazakov. He bred more than 20 unique remontant varieties: Indian Summer-2, Hercules, Apricot, Augustine, Reliable, Elegant, Monomakh's Hat, Bryansk Divo, Golden Domes, August Miracle, Golden Autumn, Eurasia, Diamond and others. A breeding breakthrough in the creation of these remontant raspberry genotypes was obtained by crossing different types of raspberries: black raspberry, hawthorn, fragrant, wonderful and raspberry. American experts have assessed the work of their Russian colleague as "an outstanding achievement in world selection."

What are the advantages of remontant raspberry varieties?

- First of all, it is a one-year cycle of development of the aboveground part of plants. In one season, annual shoots of remontant raspberries have time to grow and yield up to 2-3 kg from one bush, and with good care in the conditions of personal plots - up to 5-6 kg. The original technology using remontant varieties with single fruiting in late summer - early autumn radically changes the way of cultivating raspberries, making it simpler and less costly. Its essence lies in the fact that after harvesting, ripe on annual shoots, with the onset of autumn frosts, the entire aerial part of the raspberry is cut to the soil level, removed from the site and destroyed. Together with the cut off shoots, most pests and diseases are removed and destroyed, which winter on the aboveground part of the plants on ordinary raspberry varieties.

- Therefore, unlike ordinary raspberries, remontant raspberries are much less damaged by diseases and pests. It is practically impossible to find on it a wormy berry damaged by the larva of a raspberry beetle, and it is also impossible to find on it a weevil, gall midge and other pests that are not able to reorganize under the growth and development phases of the remontant raspberry.

- As a result, the remontant raspberry does not require chemical treatments and the associated costs of money and time. Therefore, an ecologically clean crop is ripening on the remontant raspberry plantation. Its large, clean berries, formed in favorable late summer and early autumn conditions, have a special healing power, they can be safely consumed by both children and people suffering from various diseases.

- Raspberry remontant extends the period of consumption of fresh berries by 1.5-2 months, and in some years, for example, last season - by 3 months even in the North-West region, and together with summer berries - up to 5 months. It is known that fresh berries are more aromatic, tastier and, most importantly, much healthier than processed ones. The period of consumption of common raspberries in the middle of summer is only about three weeks. So the remontant raspberry is a “lifesaver” in prolonging the time of consumption of fresh berries.

- The last berries of the remontant raspberry ripen when there are no other berries with a dessert taste on the site. And the sale of berry products of remontant varieties during the "off-season" time is carried out at higher prices than in summer, which stimulates the creation of plantings of remontant raspberries in all categories of farms.

- The advantage of remontant raspberries is the elimination of the problem of winter hardiness and winter drying of the shoots, since all the shoots that bear fruit are cut off for the winter, and there is nothing to freeze out in winter. Its root system has high winter hardiness and without damage tolerates a drop in temperature to -20 ° C, which is not observed in the upper root layer of the soil. All this makes it possible to expand the area of ​​cultivation of large-fruited high-yielding, but insufficiently winter-hardy varieties in the Non-Black Earth Region and the North-West Region.

- The berries of the remontant raspberry of the autumn harvest are distinguished by their large-fruited, cleanliness, sufficient density and for a relatively long time (within 5-7 days) stay on the bush after ripening. They do not fall off and do not rot, which allows working gardeners to harvest, arriving at their summer cottage on weekends.

Repairing raspberry, especially its modern highly productive varieties, gives few replacement shoots and root suckers. On the one hand, this can be considered an advantage compared to common raspberries, which, sprawling, litter garden plots, causing a lot of trouble for gardeners. On the other hand, a small number of root suckers complicates the reproduction of remontant raspberries, which is considered its disadvantage and, in turn, determines the shortage of seedlings. As a result, this determines the high cost of planting material.

This lack of remontant raspberry can be easily explained. In comparison with ordinary raspberries, which in two years of life have the ability to form a crop and a sufficient number of root suckers, in remontant raspberries in just one year, the entire process of plant development is aimed at forming a crop, and not at the formation of a large number of suckers.

For the same reason, remontant raspberries are more demanding on nutrition, soil moisture, heat and lighting, since only one year is allotted for the growth of shoots, flowering and fruiting. True, it would be wrong to call this feature of remontant raspberry a disadvantage, since it is 2-3 times more productive than common raspberry, hence its great demand for growing conditions.

Thus, we can conclude that remontant raspberries have much more advantages, and they all make it one of the most popular berry crops. In Russia, the varieties of remontant raspberry bred by I. Kazakov have long been widely introduced in the Central, Central Black Earth regions, in the south (Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, Rostov Region, Sochi region). They also stepped onto Sakhalin, Kamchatka, the Urals, and Siberia. In recent years, especially with the advent of new generation varieties, remontant raspberries have been successfully cultivated not only on the plots of amateur gardeners, but also on farms in the Non-Black Earth Region, the North-West and other regions. She also stepped into the CIS countries (in particular, to Belarus). Many positive responses were received.

The first varieties of remontant raspberries (Aprikosovaya, Avgustina, Hercules, Nadezhnaya, Elegantnaya) arrived in the North-West region at the beginning of 2003, in agreement with I. Kazakov. They were tested in our family summer cottage and in the Pushkin fruit and berry nursery. Later, with the emergence of new large-fruited and high-yielding varieties, our uterine plantings were replenished with varieties of Indian Summer-2, Bryansk Divo, Golden Domes, Orange Miracle, Diamond, August Miracle, Evening Zarya, Golden Autumn. All these years, in the conditions of the so-called "zone of risky agriculture", these varieties gave an autumn harvest and served as living exhibits of exhibitions for amateur gardeners who purchase saplings of their favorite varieties of remontant raspberries from us.

The demand for planting material has increased every year, and over the past decade, remontant raspberries have also conquered the North-West of Russia, especially the Leningrad region. Here, as in other regions of Russia, in addition to dacha and home gardening, this new berry crop is already grown in many peasant (farm) farms. And in 2013, even on the Karelian Isthmus in the Priozersk region, on the peasant farm of Nadezhda Mikhailovna Rudinskaya (Plodovoye village), a remontant raspberry plantation, planted with 10 best varieties purchased at our summer cottage, bore fruit almost until the end of October. In general, 2013 was a unique year for remontant raspberries. All varieties bore fruit for three months (August, September and October). It was even a shame to harvest such large, clean, beautiful berries of different colors (raspberry, yellow, orange) alone, I wanted as many people as possible to see this fairy tale. In October, friends, acquaintances, amateur gardeners who first saw this miracle came to our summer cottage, as on an excursion! Naturally, everyone left with the planting material of their favorite varieties.

Undoubtedly remontant raspberry - this new berry culture is already making a revolution in the production of berries both abroad and in Russia, where the world's best varieties have been created by our scientist - the "raspberry wizard" Ivan Vasilyevich Kazakov.

There are still many interesting encounters with this favorite berry crop ahead of Russian gardeners. In the next publication, the characteristics of the varieties of remontant raspberries for the North-West of Russia will be given.

Read the rest of the article: Raspberry remontant. Part 2

Galina Aleksandrova, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences



Raspberry care

Watering

Raspberries are very fond of watering, especially in the spring and summer, but not the bay! It is important that the roots get enough moisture.


Raspberries are very fond of watering

Pruning

Pruning is needed to shorten fruiting shoots, remove thickening and unnecessary root shoots. Fruiting shoots after planting in the spring are usually pruned by about 20 cm.


Pruning for raspberries is needed

From the second year, the shoots are shortened either after harvesting, or in the spring. After winter, old shoots are cut out at the very base. The first picture shows how to do it correctly, the second - wrong.


Pruning raspberries. Drawing from the site vosledoma.com

Loosening the soil, removing weeds

In order not to often dig up the soil, the aisle can be mulched - covered with straw, peat.

Bending down raspberry bushes for the winter

Many varieties of raspberries are bent down for the winter so that frosts do not damage the shoots, for this, tilt the bushes to each other and tie them.

Bending down raspberries for the winter. Drawing from the site vosledoma.com

Garter

To prevent the shoots from breaking under the weight of the fruit, they are tied up. Most common fan-shaped way, in which two sticks need to be driven in between the bushes, and part of the shoots of one bush and part of the shoots of the neighboring one are tied to them at different heights - a kind of fan is obtained.


Raspberry garter. Drawing from the site vosledoma.com

When planting raspberries with a trench method, it is best suited trellis garter, this is when several rows of wire are tied to the hammered posts, shoots are tied to it, so that they are slightly inclined in the aisle.

Raspberry garter. Drawing from the site vosledoma.com

While the seedling is small, it is tied to one row of wire; as it grows, the number of rows of wire is increased.


Raspberries along the trellis. Photo from the site heaclub.ru

Top dressing

For the best harvest in autumn, fertilize raspberries with organic and mineral fertilizers, wood ash.


Video "Repaired raspberry"

AGROTECHNICS RASPBERRY REPAIR

We remind gardeners that unlike common raspberries, remontant raspberries bears fruit on the shoots of the current year. Hence the differences in her agricultural technology.

Features of the species. Raspberry remontant is a plant that, due to its biological characteristics, can give two harvests a year - in summer and autumn. In the southern regions, the first harvest is obtained from last year's shoots in June. The second - on the shoots of the current year, manages to ripen before the onset of frost, and the bush bears fruit abundantly.

In central Russia, due to early frosts, the berries do not have time to ripen in the fall, because the bush devotes a lot of energy to getting the summer harvest. Because of this, the ripening of the autumn is delayed by almost a month. Therefore, in most of the country, remontant raspberries are grown as an annual plant. In this case, it bears fruit more abundantly, and the berries have time to ripen before frost.

Choosing a place. For remontant raspberries, you need to choose the sunniest place on the site. She must literally bathe in warm sunlight all day. After all, the faster the shoots grow, the earlier the harvest will ripen. The raspberry remontant does not tolerate drafts, cold winds. The best place for her would be the south side of the house, all day lit by the sun and protected from all directions from the southerly winds. Here, its own warmer microclimate is formed. The snow melts faster and the growth of young shoots begins. This means that the harvest will ripen earlier.

Raspberry remontant loves fertile soil, rich in organic matter, well permeable. It tolerates increased soil acidity worse than common raspberry. But deoxidation must also be carried out very carefully, since the root system of this species is more delicate. It is better to deacidify the site for remontant raspberries with dolomite flour (2 kg per 6 sq. M) in the fall, and postpone planting until the spring.

Preparing for landing. Precursors are of great importance for remontant raspberries. It will grow poorly after nightshade crops: tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant. You can not plant it in those areas where black currant grew before. Grows well after bulbous and garden strawberries.

Experts recommend planting green manures in this area in the previous year: white mustard, rapeseed, clover, winter rye.

Seedlings with a closed root system can be planted in spring, summer and autumn, but with an open one - only in early spring or late autumn.

Landing. Remontant raspberries are planted in clumps of 3-5 bushes or in rows. The distance between the bushes in both the first and second cases is 70 cm.

Leave 2-2.5 m between the rows. Preliminarily dig up a site for planting to the depth of a shovel bayonet. Very carefully select all the weeds and bring in (per 1 sq.m. area) for digging: 2 buckets of rotted manure, 3 matchboxes of potassium sulfate, 3 boxes of superphosphate and 1/3 of a bucket of wood ash. All this is mixed well and then planting holes with a diameter of 35 and a depth of 30 cm are dug. After planting, the root collar of each plant should be at ground level. When it deepens, root suckers appear much more slowly, the process of formation of young shoots is inhibited. When the root collar protrudes, dying off will occur in summer, and roots will freeze in winter.

After planting, the plants are well watered (at least two watering cans for one seedling) and mulched with peat or sawdust in a layer of 6-8 cm to prevent weeds from growing and retain moisture in the soil.

In the first year after planting, a lot of seeds of wild plants are kept on the site, which will interfere with the growth of raspberries. They need to be weeded periodically. With proper care, over several seasons, raspberries will grow and fill all the space between the rows. Then the care will become much easier, since she herself will not allow the development of weeds.

Fertilizers. Repaired raspberries need regular feeding, as they require a lot of nutrients during the period of growth and fruiting. At the beginning of summer, organic fertilizers are applied. The infusions of mullein (in a ratio of 1:10) or poultry droppings (1:20) fermented for 3-4 days are best suited. They are diluted with water at a concentration of 1: 3 and after abundant watering with clean water, 5 liters per 1 sq. m raspberry. You need to feed remontant raspberries with organic fertilizer 2-3 times per season.

Formation. During the summer, you need to control the number of emerging shoots, leaving 1 sq. m 5-6 of the strongest. If you do not remove excess growth, the raspberry tree will overgrow. Bushes will lack nutrients and sunlight, resulting in small berries and poor harvests.

Cut out the green growth with a sharp pruner as close as possible to the surface of the earth and immediately process the cuts with a solution of potassium permanganate and cover with garden varnish.

The stems of remontant raspberries can reach 2.5 m in length. So that they do not bend under the weight of the berries and do not break, they must be tied up in a timely manner. When planting in trenches, double-sided trellises are used for this. When planting in bushes, stakes are driven into the ground to maintain the trunks in an upright position.

Watering. Since remontant raspberries are actively bearing fruit, they are in dire need of periodic watering. The soil under the bushes should always remain moist. Usually, raspberries are watered once a week, but in hot summers you should do this more often. Unlike other plants, which require moisture only for a short time during the period of fruit formation, raspberries need it constantly.

Diseases and pests. Raspberry remontant is sick much less often than ordinary raspberries. And pests visit it not so often. Nevertheless, for the prevention of fungal diseases (and they are the same in remontant raspberries as in ordinary ones), it is recommended in the spring, after the regrowth of young shoots, to treat them with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. From pests - two weeks after this treatment, spray with the biological preparation "Fitoverm" (in accordance with the dosage indicated on the package).

Preparing for winter. After the onset of stable cold weather and the end of fruiting, the entire aerial part of the remontant raspberry is cut off. The fallen leaves and berries are scooped up and burned. After that, the soil is well loosened and mulched. You should not rush to trim. It can be held at the end of November, even after snow falls. The fact is that until this time, nutrients will come from the shoots and leaves to the root system, which will help the plants to winter better and gain strength for the spring rapid regrowth of young shoots.

Features of autumn planting of seedlings of fruit trees

If you received your seedlings in late autumn or even after snow fell, we recommend that you do not rush to plant them in a permanent place, but save them until spring by the following methods:

The place for digging seedlings is chosen the highest, where stagnation of water is least possible. Dig a groove 50 cm deep from west to east. The south side is made inclined, the north - vertical.

The seedlings are laid out in the groove one at a time (in no case in a bundle), in an inclined position (at an angle of 45 degrees), with the top to the south. The roots and half of the stem are covered with loose soil and watered well so that the moistened earth penetrates into all the voids between the roots, after which the soil is poured again.

So that the roots of buried plants do not freeze, their location is covered with peat, humus or fertile soil. To protect against mice, spruce or juniper branches are placed between the seedlings and on top.

B. Storage in a snow pile.

For this, the seedlings are folded into a bunch so that the root collars are at the same level. Tied from top to bottom, gently pressing the branches. The roots are covered on all sides with a moist substrate - peat, sawdust, even better with moss - and wrapped in burlap. Then the entire bundle is wrapped in a film, tied and buried deep in the snow, finding a place protected from the sun. So that the snow cover does not melt longer, sawdust or peat is poured on top.

We advise you to carefully consider the wintering of the label with the name of the variety. Before digging, they are wrapped in foil or plastic wrap and tied to the seedlings with twine that does not rot in the soil.


Repaired raspberries: everything about autumn pruning, care features

Repaired raspberry varieties delight with long-term fruiting, and they begin to produce crops already in the first year after planting, in contrast to summer varieties, which bear fruit exclusively on two-year-old shoots.

The only negative is the appearance of the first berries already in the second half of summer, but the fruiting process lasts until the first frosts.

Features of caring for remontant raspberries:

1. Often, shoots need support, since after abundant flowering, fruits are poured, and there can be several dozen of them on one branch.

The process continues until the autumn frosts, as a result, the shoots cannot withstand the load and break under the weight of the berries. To prevent this from happening, they should be tied up.

2. At the end of fruiting, that is, in the middle of autumn, all the shoots are cut off and burned, or taken out of the plot.

This is a mandatory procedure, since by the spring the twigs will dry out anyway, new shoots will sprout from the roots. On dried branches, in foliage, unripe dry berries, pathogens and insect larvae remain.

So that next year the remontant raspberry suffers less from diseases and pests, all this is destroyed.

It is advisable to carry out the pruning procedure when the daytime temperature approaches 0 degrees, night frosts begin. This usually happens in November.

How to prune remontant raspberries:

1. Wait until the bushes go into hibernation - fruiting will stop, the leaves will fall off, frost will come.

2. Prepare a sharp pruner, wipe the blades with alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or other disinfectant.

3. Cut off old shoots without leaving stumps, or leave stumps no more than 2 cm high.

4. Take out the cut parts, which are breeding grounds for diseases, outside the site.

5. If the plantings were affected by diseases and pests, then it is advisable to spill the soil with a fungicide, a mixture of an insecticide and a fungicide.

6. If possible, apply a mineral fertilizer containing potassium and phosphorus, after loosening the soil around the bushes.

7. Mulch the beds with light organic matter - hay, straw.

Many gardeners make the big mistake by pruning remontant raspberries too early when the weather is still warm and the leaves are alive and green.

This leads to the fact that the plant begins to release new shoots, spending energy and nutrients on them. As a result, the plant weakens, it becomes more difficult for it to endure the harsh winter, and in the spring to immediately start growing.

In addition, the green mass is involved in the process of photosynthesis, therefore, it is undesirable to cut the plant before the leaves die off.


Repaired raspberry. And autumn will become sweeter!

Everyone in our family loves raspberries. The youngest daughter can't wait until she starts to blush in the summer ... We have a great, common raspberry growing. Unfortunately, the name of the variety has also been lost: the berries are clean, large. And about the fact that there are remontant varieties, I then only read in magazines.


Repair raspberry

This raspberry was planted by the husband's parents. I don't think they themselves really figured out what sort they bought. Raspberries and raspberries ... And in September my husband comes from them with a jar of raspberries. Of course, this is beauty! As if someone turned the hands of the clock back and took you back to summer. Then I realized what kind of repair miracle it was, and we decided to plant it at our place.


Raspberry remontant

In 2014, in the fall, a new bed was built for regular and remontant raspberries. Along the perimeter, to restrict the root system, slate was dug to a depth of about 50 cm. The repair and usual ones were also separated with slate. A free passage was left between the fence and the garden bed. (Now there is even a tile).

The resulting bed was filled with humus, compost, ash and superphosphate were added. And the prepared seedlings were planted in the same autumn.

The new raspberry wintered well. In the spring, young leaves appeared.


May 2015, new raspberry tree. Repair raspberry on the left

That year, of course, one could not count on the harvest. The bushes grew the root system, took root.

What is the difference between the care of remontant raspberries and ordinary ones? I read - in order to get a good harvest in the fall, all the shoots must be cut shortly before winter. And if you cut it in half, then there will be some berries in the summer and a little in the fall.

I chose the first option. She told her husband that everything had to be cut off. How he looked at me then! Was surprised: “Everything? Under the root? " But we decided to try it and cut everything off in the fall.

In the spring of 2016, new shoots appeared.


May 2016

And already starting in August, we feasted on fresh raspberries until the very frost.


October 2016

Now we do this every year - we cut off all the shoots shortly before winter. In the spring, after the appearance of new bushes, we leave the strongest, we cut out the weak ones. We do not thicken the planting. Then we give several dressings with mullein infusion, nettle infusion ... We do not regret top dressing. At least a couple of buckets at a time.

And this year, starting in August, it was possible to harvest. I must say that, like last year, the repair shop helped us a lot. The usual one, although it started very well, could not give the entire crop due to the rains. Last year, July was also rainy ... The berries got soaked, rotted, we lost most of the harvest ... It's good that there is a remontant!

The bushes grow in height more than 1.5 meters. The branches bend slightly under the weight of the berries.


August 2019

The remontant gives off the harvest gradually.


August 2019

Remontant berries are not wormy. Clean, large! This is due to the annual growth of shoots. Pests simply have nothing to winter on.


Raspberries

Raspberries will ripen until frost. Part of the harvest in our conditions will not have time to ripen, but what we have time to harvest is more than enough.


Raspberries


Raspberries


Raspberries


Raspberry Bushes Support

As I already noted, raspberries have very large berries.


Raspberries

The average berry weight of my raspberries is from 6 to 10 g


Weight


Weight

The leaves are bright green, large.


Raspberry, leaves

There are still many ovaries in mid-August.


Raspberries


Raspberries

Summing up, I want to say that remontant raspberries are much easier to care for than ordinary ones, if you grow them for autumn consumption and completely cut out the shoots before winter. In this case, we get rid of both pests and diseases.

It does not need to be bent down and covered for the winter. With good feeding, you can get a very decent harvest of delicious berries in the fall.But, it should be noted that remontant in sweetness is still slightly inferior to summer, ordinary varieties and its aroma is less saturated. But she has so many merits that she will have to place in any garden.

I strongly advise the respected seven-dachniks to take a closer look at the remontant berries. And no matter what kind of remontant raspberry you plant, I am sure - then your autumn will become sweeter!


Repairing berries. 17.08.2019


1. Do not forget to feed remontant raspberries

Intensive growth and fruiting require a huge amount of nutrients. Therefore, feeding remontant raspberries is one of the most important components of success. This culture is especially sensitive to a lack of nitrogen. With its deficiency, the bushes grow weak and pale. To prevent this from happening, in early spring, add humus (5-6 kg per 1 sq. M) or feed the plants with a solution of chicken manure (1:20) or mullein (1:10) at the rate of 3-5 liters of finished fertilizer per 1 sq. m beds.

Also, do not forget to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (50-80 g of superphosphate and 20-40 g of potassium sulfate per 1 sq. M). This is best done in the spring and during flowering.


Repaired Raspberry Folgold

AGROTECHNICS RASPBERRY REPAIR

We remind gardeners that unlike common raspberries, remontant raspberries bears fruit on the shoots of the current year. Hence the differences in her agricultural technology.

Features of the species. Raspberry remontant is a plant that, due to its biological characteristics, can give two harvests a year - in summer and autumn. In the southern regions, the first harvest is obtained from last year's shoots in June. The second - on the shoots of the current year, manages to ripen before the onset of frost, and the bush bears fruit abundantly.

In central Russia, due to early frosts, the berries do not have time to ripen in the fall, because the bush devotes a lot of energy to getting the summer harvest. Because of this, the ripening of the autumn is delayed by almost a month. Therefore, in most of the country, remontant raspberries are grown as an annual plant. In this case, it bears fruit more abundantly, and the berries have time to ripen before frost.

Choosing a place. For remontant raspberries, you need to choose the sunniest place on the site. She must literally bathe in warm sunlight all day. After all, the faster the shoots grow, the earlier the harvest will ripen. The raspberry remontant does not tolerate drafts, cold winds. The best place for her would be the south side of the house, illuminated by the sun all day and protected from all directions from the southern winds. Here, its own warmer microclimate is formed. The snow melts faster and the growth of young shoots begins. This means that the harvest will ripen earlier.

Raspberry remontant loves fertile soil, rich in organic matter, well permeable. It tolerates increased soil acidity worse than common raspberry. But deoxidation must also be carried out very carefully, since the root system of this species is more delicate. It is better to deacidify the site for remontant raspberries with dolomite flour (2 kg per 6 sq. M) in the fall, and postpone planting until the spring.

Preparing for landing. Precursors are of great importance for remontant raspberries. It will grow poorly after nightshade crops: tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant. You can not plant it in those areas where black currant grew before. Grows well after bulbous and garden strawberries.

Experts recommend planting green manures in this area in the previous year: white mustard, rapeseed, clover, winter rye.

Seedlings with a closed root system can be planted in spring, summer and autumn, but with an open one - only in early spring or late autumn.

Landing. Remontant raspberries are planted in clumps of 3-5 bushes or in rows. The distance between the bushes in both the first and second cases is 70 cm.

Leave 2-2.5 m between the rows. Preliminarily dig up a site for planting to the depth of a shovel bayonet. Very carefully select all the weeds and bring in (per 1 sq.m. area) for digging: 2 buckets of rotted manure, 3 matchboxes of potassium sulfate, 3 boxes of superphosphate and 1/3 of a bucket of wood ash. All this is mixed well and then planting holes with a diameter of 35 and a depth of 30 cm are dug. After planting, the root collar of each plant should be at ground level. When it deepens, root suckers appear much more slowly, the process of formation of young shoots is inhibited. When the root collar protrudes, dying off will occur in summer, and roots will freeze in winter.

After planting, the plants are well watered (at least two watering cans for one seedling) and mulched with peat or sawdust in a layer of 6-8 cm to prevent weeds from growing and retain moisture in the soil.

In the first year after planting, a lot of seeds of wild plants are kept on the site, which will interfere with the growth of raspberries. They need to be weeded periodically. With proper care, over several seasons, raspberries will grow and fill all the space between the rows. Then the care will become much easier, since she herself will not allow the development of weeds.

Fertilizers. Repaired raspberries need regular feeding, since they require a lot of nutrients during the period of growth and fruiting. At the beginning of summer, organic fertilizers are applied. Infusions of mullein (in a ratio of 1:10) or poultry droppings (1:20) fermented for 3-4 days are best suited. They are diluted with water at a concentration of 1: 3 and after abundant watering with clean water, 5 liters per 1 sq. m raspberry. You need to feed remontant raspberries with organic fertilizer 2-3 times per season.

Formation. During the summer, you need to control the number of emerging shoots, leaving 1 sq. m 5-6 of the strongest. If you do not remove excess growth, the raspberry tree will overgrow. Bushes will lack nutrients and sunlight, resulting in small berries and poor harvests.

Cut out the green growth with a sharp pruner as close as possible to the surface of the earth and immediately process the sections with a solution of potassium permanganate and cover with garden varnish.

The stems of remontant raspberries can reach 2.5 m in length. So that they do not bend under the weight of the berries and do not break, they must be tied up in a timely manner. When planting in trenches, double-sided trellises are used for this. When planting in bushes, stakes are driven into the ground to maintain the trunks in an upright position.

Watering. Since remontant raspberries are actively bearing fruit, they are in dire need of periodic watering. The soil under the bushes should always remain moist. Usually, raspberries are watered once a week, but in hot summer you should do this more often. Unlike other plants, which require moisture only for a short time during the period of fruit formation, raspberries need it constantly.

Diseases and pests. Raspberry remontant is sick much less often than ordinary raspberries. And pests visit it not so often. Nevertheless, for the prevention of fungal diseases (and they are the same in remontant raspberries as in ordinary ones), it is recommended in the spring, after the regrowth of young shoots, to treat them with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. From pests - two weeks after this treatment, spray with the biological preparation "Fitoverm" (in accordance with the dosage indicated on the package).

Preparing for winter. After the onset of stable cold weather and the end of fruiting, the entire aerial part of the remontant raspberry is cut off. The fallen leaves and berries are scooped up and burned. After that, the soil is well loosened and mulched. You should not rush to trim. It can be held at the end of November, even after snow falls. The fact is that until this time, nutrients will come from the shoots and leaves to the root system, which will help the plants to winter better and gain strength for the spring rapid regrowth of young shoots.

Features of autumn planting of seedlings of fruit trees

If you received your seedlings in late autumn or even after snow fell, we recommend that you do not rush to plant them in a permanent place, but save them until spring by the following methods:

The place for digging seedlings is chosen the highest, where stagnation of water is least possible. Dig a groove 50 cm deep from west to east. The south side is made inclined, the north - vertical.

The seedlings are laid out in the groove one at a time (in no case in a bundle), in an inclined position (at an angle of 45 degrees), with the top to the south. The roots and half of the stem are covered with loose soil and watered well so that the moistened earth penetrates into all the voids between the roots, after which the soil is poured again.

So that the roots of buried plants do not freeze, their location is covered with peat, humus or fertile soil. To protect against mice, spruce or juniper branches are placed between the seedlings and on top.

B. Storage in a snow pile.

For this, the seedlings are folded into a bunch so that the root collars are at the same level. Tied from top to bottom, gently pressing the branches. The roots are covered on all sides with a moist substrate - peat, sawdust, even better with moss - and wrapped in burlap. Then the entire bundle is wrapped in film, tied and buried deep in the snow, finding a place protected from the sun. So that the snow cover does not melt longer, sawdust or peat is poured on top.

We advise you to carefully consider the wintering of the label with the name of the variety. Before digging, they are wrapped in foil or plastic wrap and tied to the seedlings with twine that does not rot in the soil.

Powerful rooting agent. Ideal for transplanting both adult plants and plant seedlings, as well as seedlings.

Basic properties:

  • restores the root and promotes its development
  • enhances immunity and frost resistance
  • improves the survival rate of plant seedlings after transportation and transplantation.

Structure:

  • fermented soy flour,
  • alfalfa flour,
  • fish flour,
  • bone meal
  • amino acids,
  • vitamins,
  • seaweed,
  • N-P-K: 1-5-1

Usage scheme: is introduced when planting seedlings at the bottom of the hole, mixing with the ground. Then a small amount is applied after planting on the soil around the plant, and slightly mixed with the soil by hand. When mulching, the effect is enhanced.

Application rate per 1 sq. M. from 100 gr .:

  • when planting seedlings 25gr. (1 scoop) for one plant,
  • when planting tree seedlings from 50 to 100 grams, depending on the size of the seedlings,
  • when planting a large tree, fertilizer is applied from 200g.
  • overdose is impossible.



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