Mint - growing from seeds at home

Mint is a unique perennial plant whose valuable properties are appreciated by many gardeners. It is used in cooking, to brew delicious aromatic tea, and to treat some colds. That is why many are trying to cultivate it not only in the country, but also at home. This can be done with cuttings and seeds.

General information

Mint is widespread in different regions of our country.

Mint is a fragrant, gentle and refreshing herb that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. It is not demanding on the climate and the growing region, therefore it is grown by many gardeners in the country. But its widespread use in cooking leads to the need for many housewives to grow it at home.

Mint is widespread in different regions of our country, while it has more than 300 different species, but only 20-25 varieties are most widespread. Among them it is worth highlighting:

  • long-leaved;
  • spikelet;
  • field;
  • apple;
  • water;
  • green;
  • curly.

Unlike other horticultural crops, this plant has a menthol refreshing scent that is slightly weaker in pepper than in other varieties. Depending on the variety, it can have a green or reddish-purple color of leaves and stems. In this case, cultivation can be carried out in different ways.

You can plant it both with the help of a cuttings and with seeds. At the same time, for growing at home, novice gardeners generally choose the first option, since it is easy to implement. The second method is more complicated, since the use of seeds to obtain seedlings is a laborious and time-consuming process.

Depending on the variety, it can have a green or reddish-purple color of leaves and stems.

But if all the requirements and recommendations are followed, any housewife, even a very busy one, will be able to grow viable seedlings at home. Mint is a fairly undemanding plant, so it does not need regular watering, feeding and replanting.

Landing - step by step instructions

Hybrid varieties, when propagated and grown by seeds, can produce a plant that is different from the mother.

Growing mint using seeds is a long, laborious and complex process, since it requires increased attention, without which the seedlings can die. Also, the seeds do not guarantee full germination, therefore, even when using a whole bag of them, only a few seedlings can sprout.

Another factor that is important to consider when using this method is the fact that hybrid varieties, when propagated and grown by seed, can produce a plant that is different from the mother. Such varieties-hybrids include pepper, Dutch and others.

This method is preferable to use if planting is carried out in winter, and the seeds cannot be collected from the mother. In this case, a bag of planting material of a certain type (curly, peppery, lemon, long-leaved, and others) can be bought at a regular gardening store.

It is advisable to immediately take several, since when using them it is difficult to get good germination. Despite the fact that planting mint seeds is quite difficult, if you follow all the recommendations, rules and requirements of gardeners, you can get a good result.

So, how to grow mint at home. To do this, it is important to follow the steps:

  1. Since the seed size is very small, the process of sowing them must be taken very carefully. If a seed hits the ground deeply, it will not be able to break through to the surface. That is why it is important to maintain the optimum planting depth, which is no more than 5 mm. The best time for this is early spring.
  2. For home sowing, it is better to choose a small, clean enamel dish. The best option is an ordinary plastic pallet, since it is quite easy to use, it is clearly visible even without the need to open the lid, and after transplanting the seedlings, you can simply throw it away.
  3. Mint of all varieties prefers fertile soil, which must be prepared in advance. For this, the land should be combined with humus, compost and wood ash. It is also possible to use a regular commercial one, which is suitable for vegetables or herbs. Moreover, if the earth contains a large amount of lime, then the aroma of mint will not be so strong. This opportunity can be used by housewives with severe allergies.
  4. It is best to plant the seeds in a plastic container with a lid, as this will create an airtight environment and maintain an optimal temperature. When using plastic or iron enameled dishes, you will need to open the lid every day and view the state of the seedlings, moisture or dryness of the soil, and the transparent walls and lid of the container make it possible to do this without harming the seedlings.
  5. Favorable conditions for germination are a temperature of 21-24 degrees and optimal humidity conditions. Therefore, in winter, next to the seedlings, you can put a bowl of water, which will evaporate and humidify the surrounding air.
  6. Ventilation can be provided in plastic containers if required. To do this, small holes must be made on the walls and lid.

Mint of all varieties prefers fertile soil, which must be prepared in advance.

Growing and replanting seedlings

Mint from seeds, like parsley in winter, hatch after a while - on average, 1-2 weeks. When sowing a significant amount of seeds, plastic containers can be stacked on top of each other, which will significantly reduce the space they occupy on the windowsill.

Growing mint will be more successful if the containers with the growth are placed on the windowsill. The plant is light-loving enough, so it should receive ultraviolet rays for at least 4 hours a day. To do this, it is best to place containers on windows that face northeast or west.

Mint from seeds, like parsley in winter, hatch after a while - on average 1-2 weeks

With a lack of sunlight when planting at home, the plant may simply die, but it is not recommended to allow direct sunlight to fall on the seedlings during the day. This can lead to burns on the leaves and complications of care.

But if there is a lack of light during the day or in winter conditions, artificial light from table or special lamps can be used to create additional lighting.

To do this, they need to be placed at a certain height, which will prevent burns, which is 50 cm.

Video about growing aromatic mint in an apartment

After the seedlings are strong and strong, they can be planted in separate containers. To do this, you need to pick up plastic deep containers and bowls, and place them on a lighted windowsill. It is important to provide for good drainage in pots, which can be crushed stone or broken brick.

Fertile soil with an acid-base composition within 6-7 is suitable for transplantation, feeding is carried out with specialized fertilizers and preparations.

Care after landing

Mint, like lemon balm, is not a demanding plant, which is why its cultivation is so common at home. But to ensure good survival of seedlings and abundant growth, special care is required for it, which should include the main activities:

  1. Removal of weeds during periodic weeding and loosening of the soil in a pot or container for planting seedlings.
  2. Moderate watering, the frequency of which depends on temperature and humidity. For example, when grown in winter, the plant requires moderate watering, and in hot summer, abundant watering.
  3. Application of mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen and phosphorus, which help maintain vitality.
  4. A plant transplant, which is necessarily carried out once every two or three years. This procedure rejuvenates the plant and ensures good growth and development.

Propagating mint by cuttings

Planting mint requires careful adherence to all these care requirements at first, until the mint gets stronger and stronger. Subsequently, she ceases to require such attentive care.

Growing mint seeds at home, like growing lettuce, is not difficult. But in order to obtain viable seedlings, it is important to comply with all the basic requirements for planting and care.

[Votes: 5 Average: 4.4]

What is optimal to plant after the pumpkin

Every year, well before the planting season, vegetable gardeners plan the distribution of vegetables on the site. It is necessary to pay attention to which crops can be planted in certain places on the beds for the greatest optimization of the future harvest.

For proper crop rotation, after the pumpkin, certain varieties of crops should be planted.

General notes for the hostess

Experienced farmers know what the success of the future harvest depends on. These conditions include:

  • fertilizers applied on time
  • correctly chosen landing site
  • special approach to seeds and seedlings, which should be planted after certain plants in the same soil.

The land is depleted from germination in the same place of the same crops every year, so replacing them is necessary. In addition, vegetables leave behind certain substances secreted by the roots that are suitable or harmful to subsequent plantings. You can experiment with planting and draw appropriate conclusions after the harvest. But it is better to learn from the experience gained by both professional farmers and amateurs of gardening.
So which vegetables will grow best in the soil where the pumpkin was planted the previous year?

Pumpkin takes some trace elements from the ground, and brings in others

Individual subtleties of planting pumpkin

For the pumpkin itself, it is also important what kind of vegetable crop it replaces in the garden. It's good if last year potatoes, cabbage, onions or root vegetables grew in its place. But the places of previous planting of zucchini, squash and cucumbers for pumpkin are not suitable, as the risk of plant diseases and the degree of nesting of pests increases.

The pumpkin itself will "prepare" the soil for the subsequent planting of many crops. Since it loves a deep arable layer, its roots leave loose soil behind. Moreover, the coverage of the soil layer with the roots of the pumpkin is wide enough, since only the holes when planting it should be at least 30 cm in diameter each and at least 40 cm deep.

Pumpkin does not tolerate the increased acidity of the substrate, which provides for the preliminary liming of excessively acidic soil. Therefore, some alkaline environment remains in the ridges after harvest, and this must also be taken into account for future plantings.

After harvesting the pumpkin, there are practically no pathogenic microbes left in the soil, and its roots do not tend to release toxic substances that subsequently inhibit other plantings. If the pumpkin has been properly cared for, then after it there will be no risk of infections of garden and garden plants, as well as pests.

Pumpkin leaves loose soil behind

Crops that can be planted after the pumpkin

Bell pepper is a grateful follower of pumpkin. The soil will be optimally prepared for its roots and nutrition. Moreover, if the pepper seedlings are in a greenhouse, and the pumpkin grew in the previous season on a different ridge, you can make a soil rotation by choosing the soil after the pumpkin and transferring it under the pepper.

Replacing the land is troublesome, but it is a good guarantor of the future excellent harvest of bell pepper.
Eggplant will also like this soil. You can plant it in the same way as pepper.

They like to grow on pumpkin soil and tomatoes. In warm regions, they feel great outside the greenhouse. Therefore, they can be planted directly on the ridges where the pumpkin used to be.

Of non-greenhouse crops, beets will master the land well after pumpkin crops. The latter should never be planted again in the same place due to the release of special substances that negatively affect the subsequent beet root crops. But pumpkin for beetroot is an excellent predecessor.

For cabbage, the soil from pumpkin plantings is also good enough. It contains everything necessary for the establishment and development of quality heads of cabbage.

From greens, parsley and spinach are preferred. And for onions and garlic, it is impossible to find a better predecessor than pumpkin. It leaves behind a full range of conditions and nutrients, which is optimal for the development of the growth of heads of garlic and onions and their strong green arrows.

Planting corn in the same spot is also a good option. Moreover, pumpkin and corn coexist beautifully.

Eggplant grows well after pumpkin

Thus, you can make a list of crops, followers of the pumpkin in place on the site, which receive all the necessary nutrients and minerals. It:

  • bell pepper
  • eggplant
  • tomato
  • beet
  • parsley
  • cabbage
  • onion and garlic
  • spinach
  • corn.

However, after harvesting the pumpkin, the land should be enriched with organic matter (best of all with manure, since the roots of this culture significantly deplete the soil substrate). And, one should not forget that in this place next year weeds begin to vigorously germinate. So you need to be ready to weed.

It should be noted that it is not recommended to plant strawberries in the same place in the season following the growth of the pumpkin. Cucumbers, squash and squash should also be moved to another location in the next year to avoid pests and diseases. The same applies to melons - watermelons and melons.

Those crops that can be planted in the next planting period in place of pumpkin can also be planted in place of vegetables such as squash and squash. Their roots affect the soil in a similar way.

What flowers can not be kept at home: photo with names

Some indoor plants, despite their beauty, are not at all harmless. Read more below.

When breeding plants, few people are interested in the question of which flowers cannot be kept at home. At the same time, there is both scientific evidence of the harmfulness of some flowers, as well as folk omens and feng shui, which many growers also take seriously.

Plants are not always as harmless as they seem. Some of them are weakly poisonous.

Orchid species popular for home cultivation are not particularly dangerous. They can only cause headaches in people who are sensitive to odors.

Climbing plants: it will not be possible to generalize here, and science and popular beliefs are not unanimous, and the latter are even paradoxical

What does science say about dangerous plants?

First of all, let's consider the scientific side of the issue. After all, growing plants, we want them not only to decorate the room, but also to be useful, or at least not to harm the household.

Dwarf bougainvillea. You should work with it carefully - bougainvillea juice can cause skin rashes

It's no secret that indoor plants can cause serious harm to their owners. So, some of them are poisonous, others are allergens, and still others combine these two dangers. In addition, some types of plants can negatively affect your well-being. For example, you may experience headaches or fatigue due to the strong scent of some flowers.

However, do not panic and throw out all the flowers from your windowsill. Indeed, there are about 50 indoor plants on the list of poisonous plants. This is approximately 2% of the total!

Blacklisted houseplants can make you feel unwell

Plants dangerous for children

First of all, all mothers take care of their children. Therefore, first of all, let's talk about those indoor plants that can be harmful to babies. The danger increases due to their excessive mobility and curiosity. They strive to touch the new inhabitants of the house or taste them. Therefore, the choice of plants in a house where there are children should be approached especially carefully.

Decorative ferns in the design of the living room. Allergy sufferers should be careful with them

One of the types of ficus. If you want to oxygenate the room day and night, then it is better to choose another plant for this.

Keep kids away from the seemingly innocent and beloved plant like lily of the valley because it contains cardiac glycosides. They harm the cardiovascular system, nervous system, gastrointestinal tract.

Innocent and delicate lilies of the valley will not harm adults, but they should be kept out of the reach of curious young children.

Oddly enough, such a seemingly useful plant, like celandine, also fell into the list of dangerous plants. This is because it contains milky juice. If it gets on the mucous membranes or even the skin of the child, it can provoke redness and burns. This is not the end of its negative impact. Celandine contains alkaloids. If they enter the gastrointestinal tract, the child may be poisoned.

Many people know about the danger of celandine. This herb contains alkaloids and can burn the skin with juice

In addition, you should get rid of those plants that have bright fruits. For example, aglaonema is especially dangerous. When it self-pollinates, small red berries may appear. Children may want to pick them up and taste them. However, they are extremely poisonous and can cause serious health damage.

Children need to be taught which plants are poisonous and why. In the future, this will only be useful to them, but now it will be able to protect them from poisoning.

Pink anthuriums are also somewhat dangerous for humans.

Other plants that are absolutely contraindicated for a nursery include the following:

  • oleander
  • ehmeya

Cute houseplant ehmeya

  • monstera
  • dieffenbachia
  • alocasia
  • ficuses.

All of them have negative energy, and some are completely poisonous. Others, like ficuses, absorb oxygen intensively at night.

Advice! Considering that it is extremely important for a child to always receive a lot of oxygen for normal development, it is better to refuse ficus in the house.

A chic ficus tree in the interior of a country house for reasons of sanitary standards will be incomparably more appropriate

In addition to the danger to children, you should also think about the benefits of indoor plants. So, you need to opt for those colors that have positive energy, add oxygen to the room, purify the air. This is very important for a child.

Poisonous plants

Poisonous indoor plants are dangerous not only for children, but also for adults. Therefore, check your windowsills for the following types of plants:

  • Alocasia. All parts of it are extremely poisonous.

Tropical plant alocasia - poisonous to humans

  • Azalea (see photo). Its leaves contain toxic substances - glycoside and andromedotoxin. Other parts of the plant are also poisonous. Swallowing them is deadly.

Azalea bonsai. Unfortunately, it is toxic if it enters the digestive tract, so move it as far as possible from places where children can access

  • Anthurium. The juice of this plant contains a strong poison.
  • Clivia. It contains lycorin, which can provoke paralysis.

Bright red anthurium. Poisonous, keep it away from children and animals

Clivia juice, like a number of other flowers from the Amaryllidaceae family, contains the alkaloid licorine

  • Croton. Has a toxic milky juice.
  • Monstera (Photo). Its juice contains a strong poison.

Monstera looks very majestic. If at home she can harm children and pets, then there are no warnings in the office for her content.

Croton from the extensive Euphorbia family

  • Oleander (see photo). It also contains poison. The sap of this plant can even provoke loss of vision, and the scent of such beautiful flowers can cause dizziness. No wonder, according to a Greek legend, wives put this flower near the plates of their unfaithful husbands, hinting that next time it would be in their soup.

The smell of oleander can make you dizzy. Caution: the juice is dangerous for the eyes

  • Poinsettia. Dangerous for its poisonous milky juice. So, if you cut off poinsettia leaves, then they will emit a poisonous white juice that can provoke burns.

Poinsettia, like celandine, is dangerous because of its juice

Many of these plants, in addition to being poisonous, are also highly allergenic.

Plants - allergens

Sadly, a fairly large number of indoor plants, which are often found in many homes, are allergens during flowering.

Allergens, in addition to many of the plants listed above, include pelargonium, fern, cyclamen, rhododendron (he is - azalea) and others. What kind of reaction do they evoke in a person? For example, juice aglaonema can strongly irritate the skin and mucous membranes.

Hanging gardens of pelargonium pots. This flower can provoke an allergic attack.

Fern is a strong allergen

Cyclamen during flowering can cause allergies

Dieffenbachia able to decorate any windowsill thanks to its exquisite large leaves. However, it can cause tissue swelling if it enters the mouth. Why is this beautiful plant poisonous? Dieffenbachia can poison a child or pet if they swallow a leaf. In addition, you need to be careful when transplanting it or cutting off the leaves. In this case, you can burn yourself with its juice. The philodendron is just as dangerous.

Rearrange dieffenbachia higher if there are children and four-legged pets in the house

Croton and oleander are also strong allergens, and ficus and does not at all occupy an honorable third place after them.

The danger of favorite and common plants

Of course, the greatest danger is fraught with wild or exotic plants, which hardly anyone would think of growing on their windowsill. However, you need to be careful even with such familiar compact plants as begonia, orchid, geranium and hydrangea... What is their danger?

Outdoor hanging orchid planters - harmless

The regal hydrangea is also on the list of plants for which warnings are needed.

A rare window sill now does without a beautifully blooming geranium. After all, this beautiful plant is unpretentious and does not need special care. In addition, it has a fairly long flowering period. However, geranium can lead to headaches or even severe asthma.

Geranium. One of the most common houseplants

Other indoor plants familiar to us are also dangerous. Growing orchids at home has become fashionable lately. However, they have a relatively strong pungent odor that can lead to insomnia or simply worsen mood, which is also unpleasant.

It is fraught with danger and such a plant loved by many flower growers as azalea... If its leaf enters the body, it can cause convulsions and intestinal colic.

Hides some danger and beloved by all begonia... This seemingly harmless plant tends to emit volatile substances. They fight disease-causing microbes. Of course, this is a positive property of the plant. However, you need to work with it carefully. This is because begonia contains insoluble oxalic acid salts. They can cause severe burns and irritation of the mouth.

The favorite of gardeners begonia

White begonia is an inimitable decoration for any interior. And it also has antimicrobial properties due to phytoncides. This is her plus

You should also be wary of such beautiful colors as lilies... At night, they intensively absorb oxygen and emit carbon dioxide. Therefore, do not be surprised if you wake up with a headache the next morning.

Advice! It is not recommended to keep lilies in the bedroom.

It is not advisable to place lilies in the bedroom.

Folk omens

There are many legends about which flowers cannot be kept at home. Since most avid flower growers are women, most of the popular beliefs boil down to the fact that, due to the wrong choice of plant, the husband can leave, change, sleep, die, etc. And who among us has not heard the "horror stories" about ivy? Which in no case should be kept at home, otherwise there is a high probability that your spouse will leave you. This mainly applies to climbing ivy (see photo). Its congener is contraindicated for an unmarried girl. If she dares to take up his cultivation, then there is a high probability of remaining an old maid.

There are many legends and beliefs about ivy

Despite popular beliefs, ivy purifies the air by reducing germs.

Thus, if you believe the signs, then ivy and marriage are completely incompatible things. And these beliefs arose, most likely, because ivy is considered an energy vampire.

If you can still believe in some omens, then there are completely strange beliefs. For example, there is a legend among the people that if they gave you a palm tree, then it is strictly forbidden to bring it into the house, as this can lead to misfortune. However, even with such a gift, you can find a way out of the situation. The palm tree can simply be rolled into the house on a bicycle.

A beautiful palm tree in a modern interior. There are strange and curious beliefs about her.

Trust but verify

Despite the paradox of these popular beliefs, many signs are scientifically justified. For example, as described above, it is not recommended to keep a cactus at home because of its danger to children and some other properties. Folk omens also do not trust this thorny plant. It is believed that growing a cactus at home can lead to the husband becoming addicted to alcohol.

Cacti are dangerous for children and pets

Cacti in company with other succulents. In the living room, where there are no freely moving animals, as well as children - in general, they are practically not dangerous

Paradoxical omens relate to wealth and happiness. So, it is worth some kind of house plant to bloom, then expect trouble. And if it never blooms, then be poor for you.

Of course, most of these signs regarding indoor plants in modern people only cause a smile, but it was not for nothing that our ancestors were so attentive to the choice of plants. Therefore, you should not, of course, blindly believe in non-native wisdom. Better to check them with scientific facts. And if they do not recommend keeping this or that houseplant at home, then it is reasonable to heed such advice.

White orchid is great for decorating your home if you are not complaining about an overly sensitive sense of smell.

Some harmful plants can still be grown at home, while taking precautions. that's why they remain popular and loved

If your favorite indoor plants are on the "black list", and you do not want to throw them away, then read the rules for handling them and work with them only with gloves. But in order to be completely sure of your safety, it is better to completely abandon the cultivation of such a plant at home. After all, there are many more equally beautiful plants. And, of course, you need to avoid keeping poisonous flowers at home if you have children growing up.

Planting calendar and seedlings of garden crops

Culture Sowing seedlings Planting (or sowing) in open ground
Anise 25.4-15.5
Basil 15.3-10.4 10.5-10.6
Eggplant 10.2-15.3 5-25.5 (may need to cover)
Beans 10.4-15.5 (may need cover)
Swede 20.4-5.5 20.4-15.6 (grown in both seedling and non-seedling methods)
Peas 15.4-5.7 (provided that the soil warms up over 6 degrees)
Mustard leaf 10.4-10.8
Melon 1-15.4 10-30.5 (provided that the soil warms up over 15 degrees)
Strawberry 1.2-1.4 15.7-5.9
Zucchini, zucchini 25.4-15.5 20.5-10.6 (provided that the soil warms up over 11 degrees)
White cabbage early 1-15.3 15.4-10.5
Red cabbage 15.4-5.5 20.5-25.6
Late white cabbage 25.3-15.4 10-25.5
Broccoli 1.3-25.5 25.4 (may need cover) -30.6
Brussels sprouts 25.3-25.4 15.5-15.6
Kohlrabi cabbage 1.3-15.7 5.4 (may need to cover) -20.8
Kohlrabi cabbage for storage 20.5-10.6 20.6-10.7
Collard greens 10.5-30.6 10.6-30.7
Cauliflower 1.3-15.6 25.4 (may need cover) -25.7
Early potatoes 20-30.4 (provided that the soil warms up over 9 degrees)
Potatoes 1-10.4 8-20.5
Cilantro 20.4-10.8
Watercress 10.4 (may need to cover) -10.9
Bulb onions, from seeds 1-30.3 15.4-10.5
Onion 15.4-15.7 and up to 10.9
Leek 10.3-5.4 1-30.5
Shallot from 15.4 (may be required) until October
Marjoram 20.3-10.4 15.5-15.6
Melissa 5.3-10.4 20.4-20.5
Early carrots 10.4 (may need to cover) - 5.8
Late carrots for storage 20.5-5.6
Peppermint March April (as well as autumn)
Cucumbers, greenhouse 5-30.4 1-25.5 (subject to soil warming up to 12 degrees)
Cucumbers, open ground 1-15.5 20.5 (you may need to cover: provided that the soil warms up over 12 degrees
Parsnip 10.4 (may need cover) -25.4
Squash 20.4-10.5 20.5-10.6 (provided that the soil warms up over 11 degrees)
Culture Sowing seedlings Planting (or sowing) in open ground
Sweet pepper 10.2-15.3 5-25.5
Parsley March April and (or) October
Rhubarb 10.4-10.5 1-15.9
Radish 10.4-25.5
Late radish for storage 25.7-10.8
Radish, spring-summer varieties 25.4-20.5
Radish, summer-autumn varieties 10.6-10.7
Turnip 20.4 (may need to cover) -10.5
Turnip storage 5-20.7
Head salad 15.3-20.7 10.4 (may need to cover) -20.8
Leaf salad 15.3-20.7 10.4 (may need to cover) - 20.8
Beetroot 10-25.4 20.4 (you may need to cover, provided the soil warms up to 8 degrees) - 20.6
Beetroot storage 10-15.5
Celery rhizome 5-20.2 25.4-10.5
Leaf celery 1.3-15.4 1.5-10.6
Asparagus 25.2-10.6 1.5-10.7
Caraway April or October
Early tomatoes 10-25.4 25.5-10.6
Pickled tomatoes 20.5-10.6
Jerusalem artichoke April
Common pumpkin 5.5-25.5 25.5-15.6 (provided that the soil warms up over 11 degrees)
Pumpkin nutmeg 10-30.5 1-15.6 (provided that the soil warms up over 13 degrees)
Dill 1.4-31.7
Winter dill 15.10-30.11
Beans for grain 20.4-20.5 15.5-15.6
Beans high, curly 20-30.5
Horseradish April
Winter garlic 10.9-5.10 (provided that the soil warms up to + 4 degrees)
Spring garlic 17.4-15.5
Sorrel April to July
Spinach 20-30.3 10.4 (may need to cover) - 20.7
Endive March 1-15.6
Tarragon 10.2-5.5 5.4-30.6

The tables for sowing seeds for seedlings and transplanting them to open beds provided to your attention will help you more accurately plan gardening work and carefully adjust plans for the entire fleeting sowing season. The table of alternation of crops in the garden will help to plant so that the plants quickly take root and grow hardy, and in due time please you with a bountiful harvest.

The sowing table indicates the calendar for planting seeds for seedlings and the timing of planting seedlings in open ground. Pay attention to the sowing dates indicated in the table: as a rule, seeds are planted within a month, approximately the same range is given for transplanting seedlings to beds. But there are also exceptions. For example, from the seed sowing table, it can be seen that broccoli can be planted for three months, but only two weeks are given for planting melon seeds. The same is with the sowing of seedlings: the table indicates that kohlrabi can be planted in the beds throughout the warm season, and, for example, it is desirable to complete the planting of potatoes within ten days.

So, to your attention is a table of sowing of various crops for seedlings and the timing of planting it in open ground.

Sowing seedlings

Planting (or sowing) in open ground

Which can be defeated, which are useful and which are dangerous

A bedroom is a place where a person rests after an active day. Everything here should contribute to a deep and restful sleep, including indoor flowers.Their choice should be taken with special attention, since some species can make you feel unwell... Let's see what kind of flowers can be kept in the bedroom.

What flowers can be kept in the bedroom

When a person falls asleep, his breathing becomes deep, so the air in the room should be especially clean. In addition to saturating the air with oxygen some plants are capable of increasing moisture, and also have disinfecting properties... These are the best ones to choose. Air-purifying plants are odorless or have a faint, soothing scent, beautiful but subtle. They have a positive effect on health and emotions.

Poisonous plants and flowers with a heavy sugary smell should not be present in the bedroom, as they cause headaches and insomnia.

Most indoor species release carbon dioxide instead of oxygen at night., therefore, where a person sleeps, there should be few of them. It is best to choose plants that do not pick up at night, but give off oxygen.

Usually, little sunlight gets into the lounge, so you need to choose shade-tolerant and low-maintenance plants.

Color selection rules

When choosing indoor plants for a bedroom, the following rules must be observed:

  1. It is necessary to study all the information about the plant, namely releases or absorbs oxygen at night, whether it causes allergies, the rules of caring for it.
  2. Exotic, unfamiliar and with a strong odor there should be no flowers in this room.
  3. You need to choose slow growing plantsso that their energy does not destroy the calm atmosphere in the bedroom.
  4. Must not be dying, sick and neglected plants... It is believed that exceptionally beautiful and healthy flowers enhance the positive energy of the home.
  5. According to Feng Shui, the bedroom should not be present. plants with needles... The owners of the bedroom will become the same prickly and inaccessible.
  6. Plants should be preferred enhancing feelings of love and understanding... According to Feng Shui, these are flowers with a red color.

Plants selected according to these rules will create a pleasant atmosphere in the bedroom.

The most popular flowers for the bedroom

Here are 10 types of indoor flowers that have a beneficial effect on the human body and are most often chosen for the bedroom:


Removes hazardous chemicals including formaldehyde, destroys harmful electromagnetic radiation, humidifies the air, kills germs and other microorganisms.

You can enhance the cleansing properties of chlorophytum. To do this, you need to add activated carbon to the flower pots.


Produces oxygen regardless of the time of day. Cleans the air from harmful substances entering the room through an open window... Spathiphyllum is able to humidify the air, neutralizes allergens. It has a positive effect on the human psyche, ensures a calm and healthy sleep.

Produces oxygen at night. Removes the electrification in the room. Eliminates toxic substances such as formaldehyde... Aloe is a medicinal agent. The washed leaves can be applied to the wound. Aloe juice is used for colds and headaches.


Releases oxygen at night, is able to calm. Kalanchoe helps to get out of depression.


Removes germs and harmful substances. Begonia scent helps relieve depression... It will be useful for people of age, as well as for diseases.

Geranium (pelargonium)

Has disinfecting properties, removes volatile chemicals and carbon monoxide from the air. Geranium releases negative ions that have a positive effect on the body. Eliminates headaches, normalizes blood pressure, strengthens the immune system... Relieves nervous tension. Helps with insomnia. Scares away insects.

Geranium can cause allergies.

Sansevieria or mother-in-law's language

Always gives off oxygen. Stabilizes blood pressure, improves immunity, relieves headaches, helps eliminate breathing problems... Sansevieria neutralizes formaldehyde, trichlorethylene and benzene.

Possesses bactericidal properties. Removes diphtheria and tuberculosis sticks, streptococci and staphylococci. Its scent has a positive effect on the psyche., relieves fatigue and tension, improves sleep.


Has a pleasant aroma. Reduces anxiety, slows heart rate, promotes restful sleep, especially in infants.


Small white flowers exude a sweet scent that has a relaxing effect... Jasmine provides restful sleep.

Plants that should not be kept in the bedroom

Not all indoor flowers are suitable for placement in the bedroom. Among them:

  1. Monstera... It takes a lot of oxygen at night. It sucks energy out of a person.
  2. Lily... Gives off carbon dioxide at night. Because of the aroma, the head begins to ache, insomnia appears.
  3. Orchid... It takes away strength, causes insomnia.
  4. Fern... Causes headaches, emits large amounts of carbon dioxide at night.
Fern Orchid Indoor Lily Monstera

The bedroom should contain only those indoor flowers that will promote sound and healthy sleep, while the person will wake up without a headache and in a good mood.

Rumblera roses: the best varieties for the garden (names)

What is a real climbing rose?

This is when hundreds of thousands of beautiful flowers, collected in huge inflorescences, hang in armfuls from high supports like a kind of multicolored waterfall.

If a person gets into the Bagatelle Park, famous for its rose garden, in Paris during the period of mass flowering of ramblers, this instantly changes his life. There comes a feeling that there was some kind of life before "Bagatel" and now a new one has come - after. And there is a dream to create something similar in your garden, so that the miracle is nearby.

Let's try to understand how this is possible in the harsh conditions of the middle zone and in the north-west of Russia. Let's take a look at the hardware first. There are two large groups of climbing roses - clammers and ramblers.

The first group contains varieties of roses, re-flowering, with rather rigid shoots, growing even in European countries to a height of 2 to 3 m.Most often they have rather large flowers, single or in small inflorescences - 3-5 pieces each, rarely more than 10 Among these roses are some old groups - remontant, bourbon, and climbing forms of hybrid tea and roses from the Cordes group.

Reference by topic: DIY rose garden

And although these roses are magnificent and in the more southern regions of Russia they can grow into wondrous tall luxurious bushes, roses of another large group - ramblers - are more suitable for the north-west of Russia and regions similar in climate.

These are roses of a completely different type - with very long shoots (3-4 m and more), easily amenable to tying to supports of any configuration. They form a fantastic number of flowers in incredible inflorescences - whole fountains of medium-sized flowers. They can be double or simple - this has almost no effect on the overall effect, they take not so much in shape as in number.

The peak of their popularity came at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century. Most of the breeders of that era, succumbing to their witchcraft charm, took part in the creation of the tale. The appearance of ramblers radically changed the very appearance of gardens with roses, it became possible to move the riot and luxury into a vertical plane, to raise the pink splendor on various supports, to give them unusual shapes. As a result, fountains and fireworks of delightful flowers bloomed the sky in the gardens and allowed them to lift off the ground.

Oddly enough, many of those varieties that make up the glory and pride of old parks with climbing roses have not lost their importance to this day, and the best of them are still grown and multiplied by nurseries. What kind of varieties can be used for vertical landscaping of northern gardens?

See also: Rose flowers: a description of growing and caring for roses

The first favorite, which has not lost its importance to this day, is immortal Excelsa, one of the best vintage ramblers, capable of blooming on last year's shoots and does not require the preservation of older wood. It can grow up to 3-4 m, easily takes any shape and hibernates well under an air-dry shelter. Shoots are flexible enough and easily fit for the winter. It can pick up powdery mildew, but almost never gets sick with black spot. And MP can be easily cured by Topaz even with a single use.

By the way, most old ramblers are sensitive to powdery mildew. And since this is not the most dangerous disease of roses, we can assume that this group of roses is one of the least problematic.

The next variety, which can be safely recommended even for a small area, is Goldfinch... The variety does not grow very gigantic, forming a very harmonious plant with lashes of 2.5-3 m. It has a creamy yellow tone, which is rare for ramblers, which becomes creamy as it blooms. Perfectly complements the pink-red, raspberry, lilac and violet colors, which are mainly characteristic of old ramblers. The variety is even more resistant to the curse of old scourge varieties - powdery mildew. And a truly invaluable quality of this variety, important for landscape practice, is the ability to bloom almost from the very base of last year's shoots, so when a huge surface does not need to be covered in a small garden, Goldfinch can be cut at any height, and there will still be abundant flowering.

Behaves a little differently Long John Silver... It does not bloom on last year's shoots, but on shoots of a higher order - 3 years and older, and this, of course, complicates the care and maintenance of this variety, as well as some other old ramblers. But the delightful perfection of the large, almost pure white flowers makes you want to have this beautiful variety in your garden.

Another variety that I want to talk about is Bleu Magenta. It appeared on the flower market rather late - in 1933, when the finest hour of ramblers was already in the past, but its appearance revived interest in this class of roses due to its completely unique color. When blooming, the flowers are surprisingly velvety-violet-purple, and when blooming, they acquire a bluish-blue tint.

And in conclusion of the descriptions of once flowering climbing roses, I simply cannot fail to mention the divine Alchemist (AIchymist), who bred Rymer Cordes in 1956. The single flowering and shape of flowers were completely unfashionable in the year of his creation and decades after. Its popularity came later, when roses with an ancient flower shape came into fashion. The variety has a luxurious aroma, and the color is simply impossible to convey in one phrase, because it is constantly changing - first golden orange, then gradually saturated with pink and coral shades. Perhaps Cordes was right, calling him an alchemist - there is in him something of the magic that turned simple metal into gold. The variety is very winter-hardy and generally quite disease-resistant. But it cannot be said that it is very simple - it blooms for the first time, sometimes only in the 4th year, prickly and not very easy to care for. However, the magic that dwells in the garden where the Alchemist was planted will atone for all his little flaws!

Any of these roses are gorgeous, and there are dozens more that can be successfully grown in northern gardens.

Reference by topic: Growing roses and caring for roses for beginners - Part 2

The best varieties of climbing roses

For our conditions, varieties with flexible shoots are SUITABLE, which can be bent and laid under a winter shelter.

Once blooming ramblera roses

  • Alchymist
  • American pillar
  • Bleu Magenta
  • Dorothy perkins
  • Flammentanz
  • Goldfinch
  • Excelsa
  • Long john silver
  • Lykkefund
  • Russeliana

Re-blooming climbing roses

  • Dortmund
  • Golden gate
  • ilse Krohn Superior
  • Jasmine
  • Laguna
  • Parade
  • Quadra
  • Sympathie
  • Tea clipper

For our conditions, they are NOT SUITABLE with inflexible shoots that cannot be bent under a winter shelter.

  • Aloha (Kordes)
  • Penny lane

The most difficult operation to master if you decide to grow ramblers is winter shelter.

But in essence, it is no different from the shelter of any other groups of roses (not counting park roses). It is important that it is dry under the shelter and, if possible, no leaves remain on the stems.

Then overwintering is almost guaranteed and your efforts will be rewarded with the fairy tale that your garden will turn into for a month or more of their flowering. And with our short summer this is a lot, and hardly any other group of roses is capable of transforming your garden as much as once-blooming ramblers.

Ornamental shrubs for summer cottages: 9 most popular shrubs

Variants of using ornamental shrubs in summer cottages are varied: hedges, group, single planting shrubs can be both a background for garden compositions, and their "main characters".

I propose to jointly compile a list of the "most-most" - the most popular, the most beautiful, the most unpretentious - ornamental shrubs for the garden.
Spring flowering spirea. Photo by the author

My personal hit parade is headed by spireys. These shrubs from the Rosaceae family are surprisingly undemanding, but very ornate.

They are usually divided into two large groups: spring blooming and summer flowering... Well-chosen spireas will bloom magnificently in your garden from early May to almost mid-summer.

But some varieties also have decorative foliage! You can read more about spirea, caring for it, its types and varieties in the article Spirea - the decoration of any garden.
Buds of summer blooming spirea. Photo by the author

Why is it good: unpretentious, frost-resistant, blooms magnificently and for a long time, excellent honey plant, grows well.

How to use: for laying hedges in group plantings and shrub compositions, compact species (for example, Japanese spirea) are suitable for rockeries and creating borders.

Where to plant: spirea is undemanding to soils, grows both in the sun and in partial shade (note that the requirements of different species for illumination and soil moisture may differ slightly).

How to care: virtually maintenance-free.

You can choose spire seedlings in our catalog, where the products of various online stores are presented. Check out our selection of beautiful garden spirits

Spirea Wedding Wreath 219 rbl LOOK
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Spirea Japanese Shirobana 189 rbl LOOK
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Spirea Japanese Little Princess 399 rbl LOOK

Spirea Argut Argut (V1,5-2y.) 357 rbl LOOK
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The delightful scent of this shrub, also known as garden jasmine (the name is botanically incorrect, but very common), probably familiar to everyone. At the time of the flowering of the chubushnik, the garden literally does not want to leave!
Chubushnik is blooming.

Today, many species and varieties of chubushnik are cultivated, differing in the shape of the flower, shades of aroma, the size of the bush and the period of flowering. There are even variegated forms (although, for my taste, the snow-white flowers of the mock-orange look better against the background of dark green foliage).

Read more about this plant in the article Chubushnik - garden "jasmine"

Chubushnik in bloom. Photo by the author

What is good: blooms profusely, very fragrant, frost-resistant, rarely affected by pests and diseases.

How to use: in single and group plantings, in shrub compositions.

Where to plant: preferably in a sunny place, but it is also possible in partial shade, a fertile soil with good moisture is desirable, the chubushnik does not tolerate stagnant water.

How to care: pruning (old branches are cut out every 4-5 years, thickening shoots - annually at the end of summer, dry - every spring) watering in dry weather, feeding in spring and autumn.

You can choose chubushnik saplings in our catalog, which includes offers from many large online stores. Choose chubushnik seedlings

Chubushnik (Jasmine garden) Virginia Snowbelle 700 rbl LOOK

Chubushnik (Garden Jasmine) hybrid Lemoinei 1 120 rub LOOK

Viburnum is an amazing plant: beautiful, edible, healing ... There are also purely decorative species: for example, the viburnum gordovina (Viburnum lantana) forms inedible fruits, but it has various forms with bright, expressive foliage.

In total, it turns out that the viburnum genus includes over 200 species, among which there are even evergreen shrubs! Our gardeners have already shared on the site their experience of growing various types of viburnum: someone grows viburnum buldenezh, someone has evergreen or laurel viburnum, and someone heartily admires the common viburnum.
Oh, viburnum blooms ... Photo by the author

In our gardens, it is the common viburnum that most often grows, the fruits of which are valuable medicinal raw materials. Its foliage, which changes color from bright green in spring to purple-red with green veins in autumn, makes the bush elegant at any time of the year. You can read more about viburnum, its cultivation and care in this article.

Why is it good: frost-resistant, unpretentious, tolerates shading well, decorative throughout the season, fruits of many species and varieties are edible and medicinal.

How to use: in single and group plantings, including in combination with other ornamental shrubs, as well as trees and conifers.

Where to plant: most species and varieties of viburnum are undemanding to growing conditions; they prefer well-moistened soils without stagnant water.

How to care: Viburnum vulgaris is often affected by pests, from which it must be protected, by treating it with special preparations, the rest of the care consists in regular pruning (removal of dry, old, thickening shoots), mulching of trunks, watering in dry weather and spring feeding with complex mineral fertilizers.

You can choose viburnum seedlings in our catalog, where many online stores present their products. View a selection of viburnum seedlings

Kalina Buldenezh Roseum 800 rbl LOOK

Viburnum edible 1 250 rub LOOK

Kalina Roseum 429 rbl LOOK

Viburnum ordinary Nanum (V2-3l.) 425 rbl LOOK
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Rosehip does not need, perhaps, special recommendations - everyone has probably heard about its benefits, and they have admired the flowers more than once. In the article Rosehip - a useful protector, you can read in detail about this wonderful shrub, its cultivation, reproduction, species.

Depending on the species, the “appearance” of the dog rose varies, and for your garden it is easy to choose a plant with the properties that are most valuable to you: someone wants to collect vitamin fruits in the fall (by the way, you can read about their use in the Healing Rosehip article), someone needs a dense and thorny hedge, and someone needs beautiful flowers ... And in this, the terry forms of wild rose, in my opinion, are not inferior to roses

Terry rose hips. Photo by the author

What is good: extremely unpretentious, easily tolerates transplanting and pruning, many types of rose hips grow rapidly and give useful fruits saturated with vitamin C.

How to use: a rosehip hedge will very quickly become completely impenetrable; this shrub is also suitable for single plantings and for use in tree and shrub compositions.

Where to plant: preferably in a sunny place, but can also grow in partial shade, under tree crowns.

How to care: virtually maintenance-free.

An amazing plant: in early spring, the branches of forsythia are covered with sunny yellow flowers, and only then - when they fall off - young foliage appears. This shrub is remarkable, first of all, for its flowering.

The only thing that you should definitely consider when buying a seedling: forsythia is thermophilic, and not all of its species are suitable for planting in cold regions - some even freeze when sheltered in severe winters, and it is not possible to see them in bloom.

More details about the features of care, planting and types of this plant will be discussed in the article Golden Forsythia

Forsythia hedge

Why is it good: blooms very early and profusely, extremely decorative during flowering, disease resistant.

How to use: looks good in a single planting - on a lawn or surrounded by early flowering bulbs can be combined with other shrubs in group plantings and used for hedges.

Where to plant: on light fertile soil, a sunny area is preferable, protected from cold winds, moisture stagnation should be excluded, since forsythia does not tolerate waterlogging.

How to care: for the winter, the plant is well mulched, and the shoots are bent to the ground so that they are under a layer of snow.

It's hard for me to imagine a garden without this plant ... Since childhood, I remember gardens and front gardens in which lilacs rage, and its aroma, which, it seems, you can't breathe.

I remember how we looked in fragrant bunches for "five-petals" - flowers with five petals - to make a wish. Then it was more and more common lilac - with lilac-lilac flowers in lush brushes.
Lilacs in bloom.

Now there are many varieties and hybrids of lilacs, but this shrub is still loved by gardeners and grows among many in their summer cottage.

True, in a small garden it is not easy to find a place for such a large plant, but breeding here also came to the aid of flower lovers: rather compact varieties were bred (up to 2-3 m in height). Well, this article will tell you more about growing lilacs and caring for them.

Why is it good: unpretentious, frost-resistant, has many varieties and hybrids and is surprisingly beautiful at the time of its flowering.

How to use: a lilac bush looks best in a single planting; often this plant is planted near a house (in the front garden) or a fence, but in the garden the lilac will also be in place.

Where to plant: in a well-lit, sunny area with treated soil, lilac is undemanding to the composition and fertility of the soil, but it does not tolerate wetlands, be sure to leave a large space so that the grown bush is not crowded: most varieties of lilac are tall and spreading.

How to care: if you cut off wilted inflorescences in time, next year the flowering will be more lush, it is recommended to cut out root shoots and excess (too old, dry, thickening, damaged) shoots every spring.

You can choose lilac seedlings in our catalog, which includes offers from various online stores. View a selection of lilac seedlings

Common lilac Twilight 444 rbl LOOK
Russian Vegetable Garden

Common lilac Primrose 699 rbl LOOK

Common lilac Charles Jolie 699 rbl LOOK

If there is a shady, damp corner in the garden where nothing wants to grow, this is not a reason for grief, but a good opportunity to plant a hydrangea. For more information on how to do this, and what kind of care the plant will need later, the article Hydrangea: planting and care
Hydrangea paniculata.

Large-leaved hydrangea and panicle hydrangea sufficiently frost-hardy under the snow cover, they successfully endure the winter cold. Elegant inflorescences are suitable for cutting: they stand in a vase for a long time.

They can also be dried by hanging them in a dry, ventilated room and used for winter bouquets.

Large-leaved hydrangea. Photo by the author

Why is it good: long flowering, unpretentiousness and the ability to grow on acidic soil, unsuitable for most horticultural crops.

How to use: in a single planting or in combination with other shade-tolerant shrubs (rhododendron or holly) the hydrangea looks good next to the hosts, compact forms of large-leaved hydrangea can be planted in flower beds and in flower beds with ferns.

Where to plant: in partial shade, on acidic, well-moistened fertile soil, the hydrangea prefers areas sheltered from the wind and will feel good on the north side of the house.

How to care: the main care is to maintain constant soil moisture - hydrangea is very moisture-loving; wilted inflorescences are cut off for the winter in cold regions, it is recommended to shelter with spruce branches.

You can choose hydrangea seedlings in our catalog, where many online stores present their products. Choose hydrangea seedlings

Hydrangea paniculata Diamant Rouge 1,500 rubles LOOK

Hydrangea large-leaved Bodensee 700 rbl LOOK

Hydrangea large-leaved Rosita 950 rbl LOOK

Hydrangea paniculata Vanilla Fries (V3l.) 646 rbl LOOK
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The variety of species and varieties of hawthorn allows it to be grown in almost any conditions - up to large tubs on terraces and in winter gardens. In addition to shrub forms, there are also hawthorn trees. All of them are unpretentious and undemanding, differ in abundant, lush bloom in late spring and bright, very decorative foliage in autumn.

In many species, the fruits are healing. Read more about hawthorn here.
Blooming hawthorn

What is good: unpretentiousness and decorativeness, the fruits of many types of hawthorn are suitable for processing - they are used to prepare confitures and jelly, some species of hawthorn have healing properties, and birds like to settle in the thickets of this shrub.

How to use: predominantly in group plantings and hedges, tree-like forms look good one by one, container cultivation of certain species is also practiced.

Where to plant: in a sunny area with loose, permeable soil, in order for the hawthorn to bloom well and set fruits, it needs to be in the sun for at least 6 hours a day.

How to care: virtually maintenance-free.

You can choose hawthorn seedlings in our catalog, which includes offers from various online stores. View a selection of hawthorn seedlings

Hawthorn single-footed (V1,5-3l.) 255 rbl LOOK
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Common hawthorn (V5l.Н40-60) 425 rbl LOOK
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Arnold's hawthorn (large-fruited) (V2-3l. H30-40) 323 rbl LOOK
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This shrub owes its name to the similarity of its leaves with mountain ash. But he has nothing to do with rowan, but "is related" to the spirea.

The fieldfare is surprisingly tenacious, unpretentious, grows quickly and is very beautiful at the time of its flowering, which lasts about 3 weeks. But even without flower brushes, the carved foliage of the spreading bush looks attractive, especially in autumn, when it is painted in bright colors.

The only drawback is that in favorable conditions the fieldberry gives extensive root growth. If it is not removed in time, he will quickly capture a large space, even make his way to neighbors in the area.

Read more about growing this shrub in the article Ryabinnik: four colors per season.
Fieldfare mountain ash-leaved. Photo by the author

What is good: unpretentiousness, the ability to grow in the shade, beautiful flowering.

How to use: great for decorating garden buildings - a fast growing field ash will hide an unattractive fence and disguise a barn can be used in group plantings with other shrubs.

Where to plant: fieldfare can grow in an open sunny area, and in partial shade it is undemanding to the soil, but it grows better on nutritious loose and well-moistened soil, it does not tolerate prolonged drought.

How to care: the only thing that fieldfare will require is the timely and regular removal of root shoots.

You can choose fieldfare seedlings in our catalog, which contains offers from various online stores. View a selection of fieldfare seedlings

Rowan-leaved fieldberry Sem 750 rbl LOOK

Rowan-leaved fieldberry 975 rbl LOOK

Rowan-leaved fieldberry Sam (V2-3y.) 629 rbl LOOK
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Fieldfare mountain ash (V2l.) 255 rbl LOOK
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What shrubs would you add to this list? Which do you think are the best and why?

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