Raspberry Patricia: description of the variety, pruning after flowering and features of growing on a trellis


Raspberries are a symbol of sweet life. And the Patricia raspberry variety is a direct proof of this. Large and sweet berries will not leave anyone indifferent. In addition, the variety has won fans due to its high winter hardiness and resistance to many diseases. And it is much easier to care for Patricia than for remontant varieties, although this raspberry has been bearing fruit for more than 2 months.

Raspberry Patricia history and description

Tucking sweet raspberries on both cheeks, sometimes you don't even think about the origin of your favorite variety. But Patricia's story is very interesting. For the first time large-fruited raspberries appeared in England. The carrier of the gene was a bush of the Molling Juel variety, popular on the island and in Western Europe. And breeder Derek Jennings saw unusually large berries.

Over time, on the basis of this genetic feature, large-fruited raspberry varieties were created. Work in this direction was carried out in the USSR as well. Viktor Kichina, who worked at the All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology for Horticulture and Nursery, in 1986 conducted an experiment on crossing the domestic variety Maroseyka and the donor M102. The obtained samples were taken and in 1989 they were numbered as K55. And only in 1992, as a result of reproduction, the Patricia variety was born.

The Patricia variety is large-fruited, individual berries can grow up to 4 cm

An adult Patrician bush grows up to 1.8 m. The plant is erect and spreading. There are 6 to 10 shoots replacing the matured and dead branches. Root suckers, on average, are about 6 pcs. Straight shoots are weakly pubescent and covered with a small or medium wax coating. A distinctive feature of the Patricia raspberry is the absence of thorns. Elongated and well-developed fruit branches are quite strong. On the 2–4 branches they have, up to 20 large fruits are formed.

Raspberry bushes Patricia are tall and spreading, shoots are devoid of thorns

The leaf plate is medium to large in size. The surface is slightly wrinkled, practically not pubescent. The light green leaf is crowned with a crenate edge. Young leaves are colored red-brown.

The fruits of the Patricia are conical in shape, even among large-fruited varieties, they stand out both in weight and size. One berry can grow up to 4 cm in length and weigh 11–12 g, but the average weight is 7–10 g. The surface of the fruit is velvety, painted in a bright red with a shade of crimson. Small and homogeneous drupes are tightly connected to each other, due to which the ripe berry is removed from the stem entirely. Seeds are few and very small. Patricia fruits belong to dessert. The pulp is juicy, melting in the mouth and sweet. The berries have a wonderful raspberry flavor.

The taste qualities of Patricia raspberries are rated very high by the tasters - by 4.6–5 points.

Variety characteristic

  1. The early maturity of Patricia is beyond praise: already in the second year after planting, the berries can be tasted.
  2. The variety does not belong to remontant, but fruiting is surprising in its duration. Harvesting can be done already in the first decade of June, and the harvest season ends only in mid-August.
  3. Fruiting occurs on last year's shoots. The yield is high - on average, up to 5 kg per bush. With proper care, Patricia can produce 8 or even 11 kg of berries from one plant. In the first 2 years, the variety will not be able to show all its capabilities. The peak of fruiting is reached from the age of 3 years and can last up to 10 years of age.
  4. The variety is suitable for growing not only in the southern regions. The climate of central Russia, including the Moscow region, also perfectly meets the requirements of the plant. Patricia can withstand temperatures as low as -30 ° C, while common varieties can freeze out as early as -15 ° C. Raspberries are also tolerant to high temperatures.
  5. Possessing excellent immunity, the variety resists anthracnose, didimella and botrytis. But the plant copes poorly with late blight, so you need to regularly prevent this disease. Of the pests - a variety too tough for the raspberry shoot aphid.
  6. Large and beautiful Patricia berries do not tolerate transportation very well. They lose their shape very quickly due to their not too dense consistency.

Patricia has a long fruiting period - from early June to mid-August.

Table: advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Landing features

If you follow all the planting rules and choose healthy planting material, raspberries will quickly take root in a new place and will delight with the harvest.

Seat selection

The abundance of sunlight does not frighten Patricia's raspberries. Its leaves are not subject to burning. Good lighting will benefit the harvest, the maximum amount of sugars will form in the berries. Rows planted from north to south will receive uniform sunlight. If raspberries are in a thick shade, this will immediately affect not only the appearance of the plant, but also the taste of the berries. The shoots will be elongated, and the fruits will not please either in size or taste.

Wind protection in winter is a must. Bushes growing in wind-blown areas dry out very quickly. To prevent this, you need to plant raspberries in places covered from the north by buildings or densely planted ornamental bushes.

You need to plant Patricia raspberries in a sunny place, but closed from the wind.

It is important for raspberries that the soil is rich in humus, has a loose structure and water permeability. Patricia will grow well and bear fruit on loam and sandy loam. Saline, heavy clay, strongly carbonate and waterlogged soils are not suitable for growing raspberries. In unsuitable areas, the bushes are planted in high beds. But they have a significant drawback - they dry very quickly. Therefore, such plantings need to be given increased attention.

For all the love of watering, Patricia's root system is very sensitive to stagnant water. It is important that the groundwater level does not lie closer than 1–1.5 m to the surface.

Timing

The most acceptable planting dates fall at the end of August - mid-September, but no later than 2-3 weeks before the onset of stable frosts. During a period of rather warm and humid autumn, the seedling will have time to take root. Regions with a temperate climate, that is, those located in the south, have such favorable conditions. Plants planted in autumn in spring will delight you with rapid growth, the process of which will begin earlier than in spring plantings.

When planting in autumn, the stalks of raspberries must be covered with earth to a height of 12 cm so that the growth buds do not freeze in winter.

Spring planting is also acceptable. But it is best done in regions where the spring is wet and long. Spring planting should go quickly before juices begin to move in the stems.

When choosing a planting date for Patricia raspberries, you need to take into account the fact that the variety can take root poorly on insufficiently moistened soils. Therefore, plant raspberries exactly when the weather in your area meets the requirements of the plant.

Planting material

The future abundance of sweet berries directly depends on the correctly selected planting material. It is best to buy seedlings in specialized nurseries. In them, you will not only acquire the desired variety, but also receive the necessary advice.

Evaluate your favorite seedlings according to the following parameters:

  1. Stem. It is very good when the bush has several formed stems. This suggests that the seedling is viable and ready for active growth. The bark on the shoots should be whole, not dry.
  2. Root system. Well-developed, without damage, rotten and broken-off areas of the roots are the main indicator of the health of the seedling.
  3. Kidneys. At least 3 growth buds at the base of the shoot. It is from them that the branches will develop.
  4. Packaging. This point is no less important, as it will prevent the root system from drying out.

The root system of the seedlings must be well developed and free from damage.

Preparatory work on the site

If you decide to lay a raspberry tree, then the site for it needs to be prepared 2 years before planting. On fertile soils of a suitable structure, the plant will be able to show good yields for 10-12 years.

It is not bad to hold the soil under black steam - to dig thoroughly, select the roots of perennials and not sow anything. In this form, the earth is able to restore biochemical processes and physical characteristics.

The selected area can be sown with green manure. These plants will displace weeds from the site, enrich the soil with useful elements and improve the structure. To prevent green fertilizer from becoming a weed, you need to mow it before flowering. For sowing, clover, mustard, cereals, crucifers are used. If you do not use green manure, in the fall, under deep digging, it is necessary to add a sufficient amount of manure - for 1 m2 up to 2-3 buckets. Complex mineral fertilizers can be added to organic matter - Kemira Universal, Stimul, Growth - 1 glass.

Siderata sown before planting raspberries will perfectly prepare the soil

What else you need to know before planting raspberries:

  • Bushes will not grow on acidic soils, so take care of adding fluff lime in advance.
  • Good neighbors for raspberries are pears, apples and plums, but the neighborhood with cherries is unfavorable.
  • A close planting to black currants, sea buckthorn and strawberries can turn out to be a failure.
  • Among vegetable crops, tomatoes, potatoes and eggplants are bad predecessors.
  • The place where the raspberries grew should rest for at least 5 years before laying a new berry plant.

Planting raspberries

When planting the Patricia variety, you need to remember the tallness of the bushes. Closely and frequently planted plants will shade each other, which will reduce the quantity and quality of the crop. Therefore, in popular belt plantings, the distance between the bushes should be at least 70 cm.The row spacing is left wider - up to 1.5 m.

Planting seedlings is done as follows:

  1. The fibrous root system of the seedling is about 20 cm in size, so the planting hole should be 40 cm in diameter and depth.
  2. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked for 2 hours, but no more. You can add Kornevin or Heteroauxin to the water.
  3. If fertilizers were not applied for digging in the fall, then humus, mineral additives are added to the pits and mixed well with the soil.
  4. A small mound is built from the soil mixture at the bottom of the recess, on which the seedling is installed. The roots must be spread.
  5. Then the seedling is covered with earth, slightly shaking the top so that the soil is distributed between the roots, leaving no empty spaces. Plants are planted at the same depth at which they grew before.
  6. After planting, the soil around the bush is tamped, an irrigation circle is drawn up and 5 liters of water are poured into it.
  7. After the water has been completely absorbed, the plantings are mulched. This will prevent the soil from drying out unnecessarily, which can be detrimental to the seedling.

Video: planting raspberries in the fall

Raspberry care

It is much easier to care for Patricia than for remontant varieties. But a simple raspberry also needs good supervision.

Watering

In order for raspberries to please with juicy fruits, they need high-quality watering. But the plant does not like excessive moisture. Even a short-term stagnation of water in the roots can lead to their death.

During the period of ovary formation, growth and ripening of berries, the soil in the raspberry tree should be in a moderately moist state, but no more. Controlling soil moisture levels is easy enough. You need to take a handful of earth from a depth of 15 cm and squeeze it in your hand. If the formed lump does not fall apart, then there is no need for watering yet.

Raspberry roots are shallow and cannot get moisture from the lower soil layer. Therefore, watering should be of high quality, capable of saturating the soil with moisture to a depth of 40 cm. 1 m2 raspberries use up to 10 liters of water. During the ripening period, the amount of moisture is doubled.

To prevent the water from spreading on the surface in vain, shallow grooves are dug on both sides of the planting, where watering is performed. After absorbing moisture, the grooves are covered with dry earth. Loves the plant and the method of sprinkling. It is better to spend it in the evening so that drops of water do not provoke sunburn on the leaves.

If at the end of autumn there is hot weather with insufficient rainfall, then the raspberries need to be watered abundantly. Plant tissues saturated with moisture ripen faster and are more resistant to frost. This must be taken into account if the raspberry grove is located on sandstones. Clay soils, on the other hand, are not recommended to be flooded.

On large plantations of raspberries, it is convenient to use drip irrigation, in which moisture is delivered directly to the roots

Seedlings, especially those planted in spring, must be closely monitored. If the delicate root system of a young plant experiences a moisture deficit or excess moisture, the plant may die.

Mulch will help keep the soil moisture level and inhibit weed growth. It is used immediately after planting and throughout the growing season. Old mulch should be replaced periodically with a new one.

Top dressing

You need to be careful with nitrogen-containing fertilizers - urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, phosphorus-containing superphosphate acidify the soil, which Patricia does not welcome at all. But it is impossible to completely leave raspberries without feeding, this immediately affects the decrease in the quality of the crop.

A good alternative to mineral fertilizers is organic, which contains almost the entire spectrum of nutrients.

  • Rabbit or goat droppings, as well as manure, are diluted with water in a ratio of 1/10. Bird droppings should be diluted with water 2 times more - 1/20.
  • Perfectly nourishes raspberries and green fertilizers. It is very easy to make it. It is necessary to fill the container (bucket or barrel) with chopped weeds and tops of plants about half. Pour water to the brim and cover with a lid, but not too tightly so that gases come out during the fermentation process. After a few days, the mass will begin to bubble and then acquire a characteristic odor. The finished concentrate will have a brownish brown color, and foaming will stop. To prepare a working solution, dilute 1 liter of concentrate in 10 liters of water.

Compost and green fertilizer made with your own hands will perfectly feed raspberries

In total, during the growing season, up to 3 dressings are made:

  • in spring (in April);
  • before flowering;
  • in the fall after pruning.

If raspberries are late with growth, you can add a little nitrogen to organics in the form of urea or ammonium nitrate - 15 g per 1 m2.

To avoid scalding the roots, apply liquid fertilizers for raspberries only after moistening the soil.

Pruning

Experienced gardeners are well aware of the peculiarity of the Patricia raspberry. Its two-year-old branches that have borne fruit dry up and die off. They must be cut, preferably near the ground, so that there are no stumps left. Together with dry ones, weak, undeveloped shoots should be cut out. The removed material is best burned to stop the spread of accumulated pathogens and pests.

After normalizing the shoots, the raspberry bush should consist of no more than 8 branches. Then the remaining shoots will have enough space and light for optimal development and fruiting for the next year.

In the spring, inspect the raspberry tree again and carry out the final normalization procedure by removing broken or dried stems.

To increase the yield and quality of berries, in the spring (before the onset of sap flow) the ends of the shoots are shortened at a height of 1 to 1.5 m. From the remaining buds, lateral shoots up to 30 cm long and more are formed. Due to this, the fruiting period is also extended.

Video: pruning raspberries after fruiting

Garter

Due to the high yield and large berry size, the long branches of the Patricia can become overloaded and break. In addition, caring for untied raspberries becomes difficult, the quality of the berries decreases sharply. Thickened plantings are more often subject to diseases and pest infestations. To prevent this from happening, the bushes need to be tied up.

Tied raspberry bushes look very neat and easy to care for

The simplest and most common is the tapestry method. By the way, it is also the most effective. You will need support pillars (can be made of iron, wood) 2 m long and a wire with a diameter of 5 mm. Pillars are driven along a row of bushes every 3 m. Between them, a wire is pulled in 3 rows: at a height of 0.75, 1.0 and 1.6 m. The raspberry bush is fixed on the trellis, starting from the lower shoots. It is best to use natural material for tying so as not to damage the bark of the branches.

Video: making a tapestry yourself

Winter shelter

The good resistance of a well-groomed Patricia to frost has already been mentioned. But sometimes the raspberry tree is located in very windy areas or winters are frosty, with sharp temperature changes and little snow. To exclude freezing of shoots, it is better to play it safe.

Preparing raspberries for winter is easy. In October, when the branches are still quite flexible, 2 bushes are tilted towards each other and tied up at a height of 30–40 cm from the soil surface. First, the bush is tied in the middle, and then its top is fixed at the base of the neighboring bush. Raspberries tolerate winter well under natural shelter - snow cover. If there is none, you can cover the bent bushes with spruce branches or covering material.

You can't bend it too low. This can break off the shoot at the base.

In the spring, take your time to tie the raspberries to the trellis. The twigs are still very fragile and can break easily. Untie the bushes when the air temperature rises above +8 ° C. As soon as the process of sap flow begins in the plants, they will straighten themselves. After that, they can be safely tied up.

Video: how to tie the stems correctly

Diseases and pests of Patricia

Despite the excellent health of the variety, unkempt plantings often become objects of attack by pests and are affected by diseases.

Table: pests, diseases and control measures

Photo gallery: raspberry diseases and pests

How to harvest and preserve crops

Patricia Raspberries are harvested as they ripen. Gathering is necessary only in dry weather. Even a slightly damp berry will quickly become moldy. You can take your time with harvesting, the fruits are quite tenaciously held on the stalk. But you don't need to tighten either, too overripe raspberries lose their shape and drain quickly.

It will not work to transport the crop over long distances. The pulp, which has a loose, delicate consistency, quickly releases juice. To avoid this, it is recommended to pluck the berries with the stalk. In this form, the fruits can lie for 2-3 days in the refrigerator without spoilage.

If raspberries are plucked with a stalk, their shelf life will increase.

When harvesting, the fruits are sorted immediately. Whole ones are placed in small containers in a thin layer, the crushed berry is immediately put into processing. Raspberry Patricia is versatile. Fragrant jam and jam are made from it. In addition to traditional blanks, you can also experiment with the berry. For example, make marshmallow, confiture or marmalade. And in combination with other berries, an excellent taste mix is ​​obtained, which will be filled with bright summer notes.

Raspberries, in addition to their excellent taste and aroma, also have healing qualities. Rubbed with sugar, it will serve as an excellent service for colds. For the same purposes, berries can be dried and brewed with healing teas.

From raspberries, you can make not only traditional jam, but also an unusual marshmallow

Reviews about raspberry Patricia

The long fruiting period of Patricia allows you to harvest an excellent harvest. Thanks to this, you can enjoy the bright taste of ripe berries with health benefits almost all summer long. There will also be left for blanks. A generous harvest does not mean that you have to bend your back on Patricia all summer. Care is not at all burdensome, it will rather seem like a little exercise in the fresh air.

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Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.

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