What to sow in July in the garden and in the seedbed

To choose what to sow in July it is very important for the preparation of the autumn garden. Cultivating an organic garden also means knowing how to plan the different crop cycles in time. If in July the summer gardens have already started and in full production, we can take advantage of them to sow the vegetables that will form our garden for the months to come. For the sowing of vegetables, in July the best technique we can apply is that of the seedbed, which allows us to self-produce the young seedlings to be planted later. In this way, starting directly from the seeds, we will save the cost of purchasing the seedlings in subsequent periods.
So let's see what they are the vegetables that are sown in July and how to best take care of our seedbed.

The plants of the garden in July

Each season has its own typical vegetables. Those who practice organic farming, sowing and transplanting in the garden, following the rhythms of nature as much as possible. Let's take some examples. In the summer we eat the tomato, the king of summer vegetables. But to have ripe tomatoes in July, surely we will have planted in April or in May. The same reasoning applies to vegetables and vegetables from the autumn garden. If we want to eat a black broccoli in October, we must plant in open field in August and sow in the seedbed already in July. The seasonality of the products on the table starts many months earlier in the planning of your garden. In other words, what to sow in July determines what we will eat in the fall.

How to decide what to sow in July

Good farmers spend a lot of time a design your own vegetable garden, thinking above all of adequate crop rotations. In practical terms, this means that every time we sow vegetables and grow them in a parcel of our field, we must already know what we will grow there once the cycle is over. For example, if we have sown green beans in the open field in early spring, we can predict that in July the crop cycle will be exhausted. The alternative is to leave a portion of free land to start subsequent crops. We will then have a piece of field available to start growing autumn vegetables, which we will plant between August and September. But in order to have the seedlings to transplant in these periods, we will have to sow in July. So let's see what are the vegetables that are sown in July to build the autumn garden.

The sowing of cabbages

The first vegetables we will need sow in July are the cabbages, that is all the species with a medium-long crop cycle that belong to the botanical family of Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae). Specifically we have: cauliflower, savoy cabbage, broccoli or Calabrese cabbage, Brussels sprouts, black or Tuscan cabbage, cabbage, kohlrabi, kale or kale. There are many varieties of these vegetables, so the choice must be based on your personal tastes. For example, there are white, purple, yellow cauliflowers, etc. It is very important to sow different varieties so that you understand how they perform in your field. In the following seasons you will go without fail in the planning of crops. The advice is to buy the seeds to plant immediately.

Scalar sowing

For this type of vegetables pay attention to the ripening times (early, medium and late). These are the times indicated by the producer from the moment of planting in the field to the next harvest. It is always advisable to sow the vegetables in a scaled way, that is, not to cultivate only early or late varieties, but a little of both. So that you can harvest progressively, without risking losing parts of the crop.

Sowing of leafy vegetables

In our autumn garden, leafy vegetables cannot be missing. Here are which vegetables are sown in July: various types of salad, romaine lettuce and canasta, puntarella, radicchio, smooth endive, curly endive, chard, celery.
These are vegetables found in the gardens at many times of the year, with a rather short cycle of cultivation. But it is in the late summer and autumn cycle that we have the best satisfactions, since we meet the ideal climate for the healthy and luxuriant growth of these vegetables.

The sowing of particular vegetables

There are two vegetables in particular that should be sown in July, and they are: i fennel and the beetroot. We mention them together as similar in the type of production. In fact, the underground part of these vegetables is mainly consumed, i.e. the so-called heart, in the case of fennel, and the enlarged root, in the case of beetroot. Sowing these vegetables in July means having abundant harvests in the middle of autumn. In specialized shops you can easily find both i fennel seeds (like these) that the beetroot seeds (like these).

Sow in July in seedbeds

At this point in the reading the question arises: how are these vegetables sown? Is it better to sow directly on the ground or with the seedbed? The answer is there seedbed technique. In July, the seedbed is the best way to grow vegetable seedlings. In fact, by sowing in the seedbed in July, we will have our young seedlings ready just in time for transplanting in August, the best time to start the autumn garden. There direct sowing in the garden in this period it is complicated, as it is very hot and therefore you have to irrigate frequently. This stimulates the growth of weeds, which will create too much competition with the new shoots. Also, we should have free land a long time ago. It is therefore better to use the seedbed, which avoids many technical problems.

How to sow in a seedbed

On a practical level, the seedbed for the vegetable garden can be done in different ways. For example, you can use the polystyrene containers left over from the purchase of the seedlings of the previous gardens. Alternatively we can use small plastic pots. An even greener option is the old egg cartons. The possibilities are many, even if the most professional and safe choice are i seedbeds that you find in specialized stores.

The growth substrate

For the success of the seedbed it is of fundamental importance to use a high quality potting soil (like this one).
The substrate we use in the seedbed must be rich in organic substance and nutritious, with fine texture. The soil is the "bed" of growth for our seedlings in the first weeks of life, so it must be good. So avoid buying cheap potting soil from discounters.

The care of the seedbed in July

Particular care must be devoted to the vegetables sown in July with the seedbed technique. We are in the hottest period of the year, so maximum attention is paid to the exposure of the seedbed and irrigation.


As far as exposure is concerned, it is advisable to keep the seedbed in a bright area, but which is not directly affected by the sun throughout the day, especially in the central hours. So a place in partial shade is fine. Direct exposure to the sun has the consequence of drying out the soil very quickly, with the risk of burning the seeds themselves and / or having to resort to continuous watering. If you don't have a suitable place, you should think about using one shading net.


Irrigation must be regular and daily. Remember that the seed buried in the seedbed is small. So when irrigating you need to be delicate, using a jet of vaporized water, a sort of fine drizzle. To do this without damaging the contents of the seedbed, some special sprayers (like these).

When to transplant seedlings sown in July?

The July sowing in seedbeds has a relatively short time for the growth of the seedlings. Climatic conditions are typically ideal for fast growth. Much however depends on the variety chosen and the quality of the seeds. Roughly speaking, the cabbage seeds placed in seedbed in July, lead to the growth of a good seedling for planting in 30 days from germination. Either way, cabbage plants are ready for transplanting when they are about 10-15cm tall.
For leafy vegetables, however, the times are reduced to about 20 days immediately after budding in the seedbed.

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Organic cultivation

Organic Cultivation is a blog that was born from our desire to spread the good practices of organic farming. To do this we decided to give our knowledge to anyone who wants to get involved and create their own vegetable garden (even using a terrace or a simple balcony). Growing without the use of pesticides is possible and we want to prove it by presenting alternatives biological and effective for any type of problem linked to agriculture.

What is sown in the garden in July

Although July is a hot month, if we want to sow we must already think ahead and worry about the cold that will come. In fact, the risk is to give birth to seedlings that will not be able to complete their crop cycle before the arrival of winter and therefore see the harvest ruined by the frosts. This obviously applies to the central-northern regions, if your garden is in the south you could have many more possibilities.

Then in the month of July they are sown in the open field mainly vegetables with a fast growing cycle: radishes, beets, lettuce, rocket, mizuna. We still have time for kidney beans and beans and also for parsnips.

July is also month of sowing for autumn vegetables: turnip tops, fennel and all chicory (from head, cut, endives, radicchio, escarole, catalonia).

In this month we sow in container also different varieties of cabbage (cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, savoy cabbage) and we must also prepare the winter onion seedlings by putting them now in the seedbed. The plants that we begin to give birth in July will then be the protagonists of the garden during the autumn.


But let's see in detail what to sow is what to grow invegetable garden and in garden to July:

  • Carrots
  • Radicchio
  • Beans
  • Lettuce
  • Melon
  • Escarole
  • Zucchini
  • Peppers
  • Leeks
  • Rocket salad
  • Radishes
  • Spinach
  • Zucchini
  • Green beans

How to understand when the Moon is waxing or waning

But when does the Moon change? And now what moon are we in? Is there a waning or waxing moon? I'm questions very frequent and the answer comes from tradition.

To distinguish the phases of the moon and understand if the Moon is waxing or waning, just look at its curvature (also called hump) and remember the proverb my grandfather always said:

hump in the west crescent moon, hump in the east waning moon

July in the garden: between sowing and harvesting

Finally summer has come! Between June and July, the garden gives us the satisfaction of seeing the first fruits of our work ripen. In fact, this is a month of harvest both in the garden and in the orchard ... but in July it is still time to plant a rich variety of vegetables. Let's see together what the garden calendar for July.

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Vegetable garden in July: what to plant?

In July it is recommended to sow autumn vegetables, that is, that we could harvest from September onwards, such as radicchio, leeks, fennel, cabbage and cabbage.

But, always in July, it is still possible to sow summer vegetables and legumes late as peas, courgettes, beets, radishes. In July it is still possible to sow those short cycle plants, which develop in a short time, such as rocket, chard, lettuce, salads.

The hot promotes germination seeds and helps the rapid development of garden plants: in July we can sow peas, green beans, beans, carrots, radishes directly in the field, in the garden in the open ground or in the pot, without any incubation phase in the protected seedbed.

The July Sowing Calendar in the garden

Beets, Carrots, Cauliflower and Cabbage, Chicory and Lettuce, Beans and Green Beans, Peas, Fennel, Head and Cutting Salads, Turnips and Radishes, Zucchini, Leeks ...

Some advice for sowing and transplanting

  • outdoor seedbed: in July, salads (chicory, endive, lettuce, escarole), radicchio and leek can be sown outdoors
  • sowing in the open ground: sowing in the field, in the open ground, is recommended for beans, green beans, zucchini, cabbage, parsley and fennel, celery and leeks (also transplanted from the seedbed)
  • sowing in pots: tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, hot peppers, basil and rosemary can be planted in pots or moved to larger pots.

What to collect in July

In July, the garden offers a truly rich harvest! July is obviously the month of summer vegetables: carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, cutting salad, aubergines, peppers, courgettes, beets, onions, green beans - small tiles ...

Can't miss the aromatic and medicinal herbs: basil, sage, rosemary, parsley, thyme, chives, oregano, lavender ...

In July also the fruit trees they ripen apricots, peaches, plums, plums and the first apples. Summer is also the season of berries: strawberries and wild strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, currants ...

What are the works in the garden to be done in July?

THE work to be done in July there are not many in the garden: if we have paid the right attention to our horticultural and aromatic plants - in the garden in the open ground, or in pots on the balcony - we can dedicate ourselves to their care and maintenance.

In the height of summer, with high temperatures, the home garden requires some attention, especially relating to watering: daily and regular, are necessary to counteract the heat and ensure the correct supply of water to the plants.

In July, but in general in the summer period from June to late August, the garden must be watered once a day, preferably in the evening. Vegetable seedlings that have just been transplanted into the ground or into a larger pot, should be watered with particular care and kept away from direct sun.

The potted vegetable garden suffers from the heat: the advice is to keep the soil moist by wetting it with a spray in the morning and in the evening. As always, the formation of water stagnation must be avoided!

July what to sow and harvest in the vegetable garden, in the garden and in the orchard

In the month of July, in the middle of summer, with rising temperatures it is good to intensify the irrigation both in the gardens and in the areas vegetable gardens is in the field. Let's see what are the products that we will collect in the month of July and which ones to sow.


Basil, chard and garden chard, cabbage, thistle, onions and cucumbers, beans and green beans, endive, lettuce and aubergines.


In the month of July we proceed with the harvest of the summer fruits already begun, for many, in June Which:

Pears and apples, apricots, peaches, cherries, plums (yellow and black), and many types of berries, strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, currants and mulberry fruits already started in June. Summer undoubtedly offers juicy and tasty fruits that we look forward to all year round. But to have a good harvest it is good to work in the right way to increase fruiting.



Plant by the first half of July the varieties of green beans (dwarf and normal) beans, parsley, radish, courgettes and chard as well as the less common agretti.

Plant in the first days of July celery and all varieties of cabbage (including Brussels sprouts), escarole, curly endive and varieties of lettuce, while towards the middle of the month we will proceed with Chioggia radicchio.

Collect the herbs to dry: oregano, sage, mint, thyme, marjoram, lemon balm, rosemary.


Sow all flowering plants consider biennials such as red mallow, foxglove, primroses, violets, poets' carnation (the small ones), wallflower and forget-me-not. Proceed to transplant the chrysanthemum seedlings.

In the vegetable garden plant young strawberry plants keep the soil moist in anticipation of hot, scorching days. Shade the young plants.

Reproduction: in this period the reproduction is carried out by both semi-woody and herbaceous cuttings favored by high temperatures and by the vegetative period, in this period the climbing plants and papyrus root easily. The same goes for the application of the layering. Proceed with the elimination of weeds.


Proceed to sowing (mid-July) in the outdoor seedbed of many salads: chicory, lettuce, curly endive, radicchio, leek, escarole, sugar loaf, while in the first days of the month we will proceed with the planting of early fennel and ribbed chard, end of the month fennel in autumn harvest.

Transplant outdoors the young leek seedlings.

Prune when topping the seedlings of the tomato plants, proceed with the pruning of the cucumber and watermelon melon plants. Mulch all cultures, proceed to collection bulbs and tubers and vegetables intended for storage (including garlic).


Prune all herbaceous flowering plants by eliminating the withered flower heads in order to avoid the production of seeds and the slowing of flowering. At the end of July, proceed with the pruning of the climbing rose species that have finished flowering (non-re-flowering), regularize the growth of the hedges by pruning, rebalance trees and shrubs that have finished flowering (oleander, lantana, gardenia). Eliminate faded flowers in dahlias.

Works: proceed to work the soil to carry out the sowing of the lawn, where it is already present, proceed with cutting.

mulch the tuberoses (lilies, dahlias, begonias) and bulbous plants with bark in order to protect them from the summer heat.


Prune peach, cherry, apple, apricot, currant, mulberry and fruit shrubs in general proceeding with a green pruning.

Engage dormant bud fruit plants such as: plum, peach, cherry etc.

Proceed to collection fruit in the orchard and make jams, jellies, fruit juices in syrup etc.

In the field we proceed to the collection of barley and soy and to sowing of oats, rye and wheat.

What to Sow in July

Updated on 25 July 2017

In this guide we explain what to sow in July.

Summer is the most awaited time of the year by most people for many reasons and, moreover, it is also an excellent time to devote yourself to gardening and cultivating your own vegetable garden.
July in particular, which is a hot and sunny month, is perfect for sowing autumn vegetables or those that we will harvest and consume from September onwards, such as radicchio, fennel, cabbage and leeks.

In July it is also possible to sow late summer vegetables and legumes such as beets, peas, courgettes and radishes and plants with a short cycle, that is, plants that grow in a short time, such as rocket, lettuce, salads and chard.

The intense heat, as it is known, stimulates the germination of the seeds and makes the garden plants grow faster, the plants can be sown in the ground or in the pot indifferently, without the need for incubation phases in the protected seedbed.

In the open seedbed, in July, salads, radicchio and leek can be sown. In the open ground you can grow beans, courgettes, green beans, cabbage, parsley, celery, leeks and fennel. In pots you can sow tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, basil, rosemary and hot peppers.

Even the harvest in the month of July is rich and tempting, this is in fact the period in which to collect and savor tomatoes, carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, aubergines, cut salads, courgettes, beets, onions and green beans.
The same goes for the best aromatic herbs to use in cooking, such as basil, rosemary, sage, thyme, chives, lavender and oregano.

As for fruit, even in this case in July there is only the embarrassment of choice and indeed, we can say that right now it is possible to collect and eat some of the fruits that usually collect the most success such as peaches, apricots. , plums, plums and the first apples.
The same can be said for the excellent fruit that the forest and the undergrowth give us, such as strawberries, wild strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries and currants.

Those who are lucky enough to have a vegetable garden that constantly works, know well how of fundamental importance it is in July, but let's say well throughout the summer and therefore in the period from June to September in particular, regularly water what has been sown to ensure that the seedlings grow luxuriantly and give full-bodied and succulent fruits, the high temperatures in fact force you to water abundantly and regularly once a day, preferably in the evening or very early in the morning, when the air is cooler and the sun does not reach the plants directly.

Vegetable seedlings that have just been transplanted into full ground or into a large pot, must be watered with great care and kept away from direct sunlight, which, moreover, are scorching at this time of the year.
In general, keep in mind that potted plants suffer from heat, remember to keep the soil constantly moist by wetting it regularly with a spray both in the morning and in the evening.
In any case, avoid water stagnation, which would end up rotting the roots and ruining the seedlings.

On balance, July represents one of the best times of the year to sow, also given the great variety of suitable plant species, choose the right vegetables and fruit, stick to the right cultivation rules and you will see that the results will not only be long in coming. , but they will also give you a lot of satisfaction.

What to plant in the garden in July

Sowing in the garden in July

July is a month that also allows a lot of sowing. Let's see, therefore, what to plant in the garden in July. If you have a seedbed available, you can sow lettuce, radicchio, endive in this. From the seedbed, however, you can transfer the celery and leeks that you have previously sown to the ground. In the garden on the ground, however, you can indulge yourself with fennel, beans, green beans, courgettes, cabbage.

Lunar calendar July 2017

Sowing, as well as all other work in the garden in July, should be carried out following the lunar calendar july 2017. As for the sowing of lettuce, radicchio and escarole, these must take place in the days of falling moon, that is, from 10 to 23 July. These days, in addition to preparing the soil for such sowing, it will also be possible to carry out transplants and harvesting carrots, onions, apricots, peaches, apples.

Day Lunar calendar
Saturday 1st July 2017 first quarter
Sunday 2nd July 2017 60% visible
Monday 3 July 2017 69% visible
Tuesday 4th July 2017 77% visible
Wednesday 5th July 2017 85% visible
Thursday 6 July 2017 91% visible
Friday 7th July 2017 96% visible
Saturday 8th July 2017 99% visible
Sunday 9th July 2017 full moon
Monday 10th July 2017 99% visible
Tuesday 11th July 2017 97% visible
Wednesday 12th July 2017 92% visible
Thursday 13th July 2017 86% visible
Friday 14th July 2017 78% visible
Saturday 15 July 2017 69% visible
Sunday 16th July 2017 last quarter
Monday 17th July 2017 48% visible
Tuesday 18th July 2017 37% visible
Wednesday 19 July 2017 26% visible
Thursday 20 July 2017 16% visible
Friday 21 July 2017 8% visible
Saturday 22nd July 2017 3% visible
Sunday 23 July 2017 new Moon
Monday 24th July 2017 1% visible
Tuesday 25th July 2017 4% visible
Wednesday 26th July 2017 9% visible
Thursday 27 July 2017 16% visible
Friday 28th July 2017 25% visible
Saturday 29 July 2017 34% visible
Sunday 30th July 2017 first quarter
Monday 31 July 2017 54% visible

With the Crescent moon, or from 1 to 8 July and from 24 to 31 July, we can instead sow celery, cabbage, beans, green beans and fennel. Very important, then, are the maintenance of the garden, especially with regard to tomatoes. These days, in fact, it is possible to proceed with their topping, as well as for climbing beans, cucumbers and melons.

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