The second orchid that I got is dendrobium (her homeland is South Asia, Polynesian islands, Australia). In the autumn, she needs a period of rest and cooling. At a temperature of + 10 ... + 12 ° C, flower buds are laid in this orchid, so in August I carry the flower to the glassed-in balcony until the buds appear. Then I move the flower pot to the windowsill in the room.
In 2009, my dendrobium bloomed three times! I took it to the balcony in March - it bloomed in the spring. All summer and autumn I stood on the balcony. The second time it bloomed in June (June was not hot), and the third time it bloomed in October. I also did not observe pests and diseases on dendrobium. Perhaps this is due to the fact that, in addition to orchids, I still have about 200 varieties of uzambar violets growing on shelves. And for prevention during the warm season, I water all the flowers with pest repellent once a month.
Flowers are very beautiful wands (her homeland is Southeast Asia). I bought this orchid in a small plastic basket with hanging roots. There was no substrate in the basket. The roots had to be sprayed very often. When leaving for work, I applied wet sphagnum moss to the roots. But this type of orchid refused to exist in apartment conditions and died. Perhaps it was necessary to plant the wanda in a transparent pot with pine bark substrate.
Miltonia ("Violet" orchids) also turned out to be very demanding for certain illumination and temperature. Under indoor conditions, it is impossible to create certain conditions for the cultivation of these orchids. For two years the plants lived in my room and even bloomed. Of course, not as abundantly as it should bloom. Then the leaves began to shrink, and from the dryness of the air they turned brown and died. She refused this type of orchid, as well as oncidium, odontoglossum and pafiopedilum. These tropical plants are too capricious.
Cymbidium (his homeland is southern Africa, South Asia, the Great Sunda Islands) he lived with me for four years. I bought this orchid after seeing its huge branch with beautiful flowers in a flower shop. Flowers of this orchid are often sold on the eve of March 8 in boxes. It is a plant with long (about 60 cm) leaves. Up to 30 flowers are formed on each peduncle. But this type of orchid also needs a cold wintering for the formation of flower buds. In indoor conditions for several years the flower has grown a huge green mass of leaves. After cooling down in autumn, the long-awaited arrow with buds appeared on the balcony in December, but on dark winter days it could not bloom. The buds have dried up. And after a spider mite was found on the leaves, I said goodbye to this type of orchid. Cymbidium is a flower for spacious greenhouses with a cool climate in winter.
I want to note that most types of orchids are difficult to care for and require special conditions for keeping. Therefore, I advise you to think very carefully before deciding to grow them. And if you really decide, then remember that it is best to grow phalaenopsis indoors.
Olga Rubtsova, florist, candidate of sciences