The Long-awaited grape is often referred to as seedless grapes. Unfortunately, this is not entirely true, since bones are found in him, but if they really did not exist, this would be the largest raisin. The long-awaited grape, which has solid virtues, is quite suitable for growing in summer cottages in most regions.
The history of the Long-awaited is relatively short: it appeared already in the current millennium thanks to the efforts of the amateur breeder V.N.Krainov. It sometimes happens that great science is done not only in serious laboratories, but also practically in the kitchen. Viktor Nikolaevich Krainov, who lived in the city of Novocherkassk, was called a private breeder. He created beautiful hybrid forms of grapes without working in any serious research institutes.
As the enthusiast himself said in one of his last interviews, he has been engaged in viticulture since the age of 15, since 1953, and his father, a retired colonel, instilled in him this hobby. And since 1986, V. Krainov was seriously engaged in selection at a summer cottage located on the banks of the Tuzla River.
And it was in conditions of not very favorable climate (coastal fogs, morning dew, frequent frosts) that he bred his wonderful varieties. In total, he developed more than 40 grape varieties, and about half of them became well-known and widespread.
Berries and clusters of varieties from V. Krainov's collection are called solid, impressive, gigantic, gigantic. The varieties bred by him have occupied a worthy place in the vineyards of our country for 20 years. The first hybrid named NiZina became known in 1998. Then the number of varieties grew rapidly, although they were all bred in different ways from just a few well-known forms. And most of his designs receive only positive reviews.
NiZina is the first grape from the collection of V. Krainov, released into the public
The long-awaited grape is obtained by hybridization of the Kishmish Radiant and Talisman varieties, the main advantage of which is the excellent taste of berries. So, the Talisman is recommended for cultivation in many regions of our country, because it ripens well even in a short summer, it is resistant to any whims of the weather. Radiant kishmish - seedless grapes, has a delicate aroma of nutmeg, has a unique taste.
Kishmish Radiant - one of the parents of the Long-awaited - gives large berries, but without seeds
Taking all the best from their parents, the Long-awaited grape is a table variety. Its berries are transparent white to amber in color and are characterized by a harmonious taste. The variety is famous for its solid yields, very early ripening and high frost resistance, allowing it to be grown even in harsh regions. The long-awaited - an excellent variety of table grapes for home and country viticulture.
The long-awaited one grows in the form of a rather large bush, which requires a lot of space. But at the same time, it cannot be considered a giant, and when planting several bushes between them, a distance of 1.5-2 meters is sufficient. At this distance, the bushes are intertwined with roots, but do not interfere with each other at all. Actually, they do not need mutual assistance either: the flowers of the variety are bisexual, therefore, if a large number of berries are not required, for example, for sale, one plant is enough on the site.
The long-awaited one can be grafted on bushes of other varieties and itself, in turn, is a good rootstock, which is often used in practice to increase the range of grapes in small areas.
Easily propagated by cuttings: their rooting rate is characterized by experts as very high. The bush grows in all directions quickly enough, regardless of what its origin is: grown from its own cuttings or grafted onto another seedling.
The vine ripens well, the shoots have time to woody almost to the tops, even in a short summer. The frost resistance of the bush is up to -23 ° C. The resistance of the variety to fungal diseases is estimated at 3.5 points: the likelihood of mildew is high. At the same time, the Long-awaited one has immunity against ticks. Begins to bring good harvests already 3 years after planting, which is one of the undoubted advantages in both industrial and amateur gardening.
Wasps rarely eat berries. The long-awaited one, for some unknown reason, is not very attractive to these striped pests.
The variety is recommended for growing in the northern regions, since it does not require a lot of sunlight for active growth and full ripening.
The bush can withstand a load of 20–25 shoots. The long-awaited one belongs to the varieties of the very early ripening period: from the beginning of the growing season to the full ripening of the berries, it takes from 105 to 120 days. Flowering begins in mid-June. Since the flowers are bisexual, there is no threat of incomplete pollination resulting in very small berries. Already in early August, you can pick very tasty and juicy berries. This is not to say that the varieties have huge yields, but they are stable, and up to 10 kg of berries can be obtained from the bush.
The bunches of the Long-awaited grape variety are cone-shaped and very large: an average of about 800 g, but sometimes they grow up to 1.5 kg. At the same time, it is gratifying that they reach their maximum size already in the second year after the beginning of fruiting. However, the bunches are not very dense, rather medium loose: the berries do not stick to each other. Their transportability is characterized as very high.
The berries are not very tightly packed in a bunch, but their total mass is very solid.
The grapes have a characteristic oblong-nipple shape, very beautiful, their color is considered white. However, fully ripe berries acquire an amber hue and almost perfect transparency in transmitted light. The berries are very large, weighing 10-12 g, up to 3.5 cm long. The peel is of medium density, neutral, not felt when eaten with berries. The pulp is fleshy, firm, pleasant taste. The flavoring bouquet is harmonious, rich, sweet and sour. The sugar content of the berries is about 20%, the acidity is up to 8 g / l. Astringency is characterized as negligible. Taste qualities on a 5-point scale are rated by professional tasters at 4.5 points.
The berries are mostly seedless, but some contain 1-2 dense, medium-sized seeds.
It is impossible to visually distinguish berries with seeds and without them, and both are found on each bunch.
The safety of the berries, both on the bush and those already harvested, is high. Ripe berries do not crack. Only prolonged torrential rains can disrupt their presentation. Over-saturated with water, the berries burst and rot, and also easily break off the brushes. The variety is among the fairly transportable. The Long-awaited grape is suitable both for fresh consumption and for winemaking: the combination of sugar content, acidity and harmonious taste is quite conducive to the universal use of the crop.
Having got acquainted with the table grapes of the Long-awaited variety, we can summarize some results by summarizing the main advantages and disadvantages of this hybrid. Actually, the shortcomings are practically not described. And the advantages are possessed by both the plant itself and its fruits: large clusters of very tasty berries. The main advantages of the variety are as follows:
Relative disadvantages of the variety:
From the point of view of agricultural technology, the Long-awaited one is the most common classic covering grape, so its planting and caring for it practically does not have any significant features. It is easily propagated by cuttings, so it is quite easy to grow a seedling of this grape on your own. Experts can easily graft it on a ready-made bush of any other sustainable grapes: the Long-awaited grape can grow equally well on its own roots, and in the form of grafting.
It is not a problem to grow a grape seedling at home from a cutting: The long-awaited one easily takes root
Like any grape, the Long-awaited one grows best in sunny places, sheltered from the action of piercing winds, especially in the northern direction. Therefore, when choosing a place for planting, the best shelter is a wall of a house or a blank fence that protects the bush from drafts. On the side, large trees or bushes are desirable, and one of the sides should be open to the sun's rays. Although, in comparison with many other varieties, the long-awaited demand for natural solar radiation is not so high.
Like any grape, this variety loves light soil, but is able to grow on any, except for heavily waterlogged. Differs in high drought resistance: does not require abundant watering, of course, except for the season of active growth of bunches. He does not like waterlogging, therefore, this fact should be taken into account when choosing the location of the bush.
The best planting time in most parts of the country is the end of April. In the south, grapes are planted in autumn - in October, but the planted bushes must be well covered for the winter. Preparation of seedlings for planting is usual: the seedlings brought to the garden are soaked in water for 1-2 days. Even better, use a carbamide solution instead of water (1 tablespoon per bucket of water). Before planting, it will be useful to dip the roots in a mash made of clay, mullein and water with the viscosity of liquid sour cream.
The use of a talker for root processing greatly facilitates the survival of seedlings.
Long before planting, the entire area around the future bush is dug up with fertilizers to the depth of the shovel bayonet (the feeding area for the Long-awaited variety will be about 6 m2), so that the main fertilizers are enough for the grapes for the next few seasons. A planting pit for spring planting should be prepared in the fall. They dig a large hole for these grapes. And if the depth, as usual, is required at least 70-80 cm, the diameter of the pit is recommended at least one meter. A drainage layer with a thickness of about 20 cm must be placed on the bottom, especially in the case of clay soils. Drainage is usually gravel, pebbles, coarse river sand. A layer of soil mixed with fertilizers is placed on it (6-7 buckets of manure, half a bucket of ash from a fire, 500 grams of azofoska), and above there is a layer that, when planting, will directly contact the roots: it should be normal fertile soil, without fertilizing , especially mineral.
They plant the Long-awaited deeply, leaving only 2 buds above the ground, and even they are spudded with earth for the first time. The variety grows in the form of bushes in size, slightly above average, therefore, when planting several plants between them, a distance of 1.5–2 meters is sufficient.
In very arid areas, it is recommended to place a vertical inch pipe in the planting hole so that the first couple of years water the grapes directly into the root growth zone.
Adult bushes will rarely need to be watered. The planting technique is simple - you need to spread the roots well, cover with fertile soil, tamp well with your foot and pour several buckets of water. Mulching around the bush is a must: it greatly facilitates subsequent care.
Apart from reasonable watering, any grape responds well to top dressing. The fertilizers that were introduced into and around the planting pit will last for 2-3 years. Then, every year in early spring, 1-2 buckets of well-rotted manure should be poured into the grooves dug along the projection of the bush, and in early June 1-2 liter cans of ash should be poured around the bush, slightly embedding it in the soil. Before flowering and immediately after it, foliar dressing with solutions of complex fertilizers is convenient and necessary (by spraying the bush).
When pouring berries, the dressing should not contain nitrogen.
The hardest thing to do is pruning correctly. In the spring, only dead shoots should be cut, and careful pruning should be done before sheltering the bushes for the winter. But, in addition to this pruning, throughout the entire period of plant growth, it is necessary to break out still weak, but clearly superfluous young shoots that thicken the bushes. Regular breaking out of stepchildren is also necessary for a set of sugar content, it allows you to remove excess foliage that covers the bunches from the sun. It is especially important to do this in the northern regions, where the time for full ripening of the berries may not be enough due to the lack of sunny days.
Timely execution of green operations on grapes improves the conditions for ripening berries and facilitates autumn pruning
Provided the correct operations on the greenery, by the fall, basically only the necessary vines will remain on the bush. It is recommended to shorten them at the Long-awaited one before wintering so that 7-10 eyes remain, although shorter ones are allowed. The total number of shoots in the bush should be no more than 20-25.
Unfortunately, it is often necessary to cut off the extra bunches as soon as they appear. The long-awaited bunches are heavy, therefore the vines may not withstand the load of ripening berries and simply break. In some cases, this causes the cessation of fruiting, which can be dealt with in moderation by carefully tying the vines to the trellises. The support device must be reliable. The Long-awaited variety is quite resistant to fungal diseases, but for their prevention, it is advisable to carry out several spraying over the summer with solutions of fungicides.
In October - early November, grapes must be covered for the winter. The variety is quite frost-resistant; it does not need a serious shelter in the form of burying in the ground even in the northern regions. It will be enough, having removed the grapes from the supports, tie the vines into convenient bunches, spread them on the ground and cover with spruce branches of coniferous trees. In areas with reliable snow cover, you can simply cover with a flat material such as slate sheets that will work until the snow falls. It is convenient to use for shelter and non-woven materials such as durable spunbond. A slight freezing of the buds in the Long-awaited one leads to a delay in the ripening of berries by about a month, but the overall yield remains high.
The Long-awaited grape is so good that some experts place it in the top ten modern table varieties. The excellent taste of the berries and the attractive appearance of the brushes, coupled with the ease of maintenance, make it one of the most popular varieties for both private farms and large vineyards in most regions of the country.
Graduated from the Chemistry Department of Moscow State University in 1981. Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor.
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