Fleas on pets, prevention and removal


An empty pocket - a louse on a lasso, a flea on a chain.

Proverbs and sayings have always reflected the wisdom of folk experience. So this one - briefly and clearly connects poverty with external parasites. For the sake of fairness, it should be noted that in the Middle Ages, flea traps and combers were accessories for the toilet of society ladies and gentlemen. Fleas were treated like something unpleasant but inevitable. Since then, times, as well as ideas about hygiene, have changed a lot, fleas on people, even unfortunate homeless people, have become a rare phenomenon. But our furry friends still suffer from them. Fleas in the view of many insects are even mysterious. They appear and disappear. The appearance of fleas in the apartment on the first floor can still be explained by their penetration from the basement, but when a flea invasion happens on the sixteenth, it already seems just mysticism. A domestic cat, never communicating with its street relatives, suddenly begins to itch and turns out to be flea. Suddenly it is discovered that the animal, which, it would seem, has never had fleas, picks up the disease that they are carrying. The answers to these questions lie in the peculiarities of flea biology. Fleas are small, wingless insects, no more than 3 mm long. There are many types of fleas - human, canine, feline, rat, wild animals have their own types of fleas. Flea specificity is not strict, so that "alien" species can easily pass to other hosts. Their favorite habitats on animals are the head, especially the area around the ears, neck, legs, belly, as well as the base of the tail. When bitten with saliva, fleas can transmit the causative agents of listeriosis, leptospirosis and piroplasmosis. In some animals, flea bites lead to severe allergic dermatitis. The body of fleas is flattened laterally. Their distinctive feature is their long, powerful hind legs, which allow them to jump up to a meter. Interestingly, fleas bounce mostly vertically, while horizontal movement is small. This is because the main biological meaning of these jumps is to jump onto an animal. The fact is that, according to some experts, no more than 10-15% of all fleas are on animals, the rest of the fleas hide on the ground and other surrounding substrate. These fleas are in a "creative search" - looking for a suitable host. When a flea feels a characteristic shaking of the soil, it jumps onto a passing object, and then it begins to figure out whether this owner is suitable for it. If not, the search starts again. Fleas "shoot" eggs several at a time. The process of laying eggs can occur both on the animal and during the search for the owner, on the ground. Flea eggs do not stay in the wool. They shake themselves off on the bedding of the animal, on the floor of the apartment, on the ground while walking the dog. Naturally, stray animals are the main source of flea eggs on the street. The entire development of a flea from an egg to a new generation flea takes from three weeks to nine months. In the warm season, development ends quickly, while eggs laid before winter are delayed in development, and a new generation of fleas emerges in the spring. In the apartment, flea larvae emerging from the eggs hide in any crevices of the floor. They feed on organic matter in house dust. In the cracks, they turn into a resting stage - a pupa. It is noticed that if the floors are washed in a house where there are fleas, then the fleas become not less, but more. This is due to the fact that an increase in humidity stimulates the release of fleas from the pupae. Immediately after hatching, the flea must be engorged with blood. If she does not find a suitable animal, she can bite a person as well. However, on a human body devoid of hair, fleas do not linger and go further in search. How do fleas determine which animal is right for them? It was not for nothing that I started this article by mentioning poverty. First of all, fleas do not stay on a healthy, well-groomed animal. The immune system of a healthy organism releases protective substances into the blood in response to the first bite of a flea. At the next bite, the flea receives these substances with blood, and if it does not die, then, in any case, it "understands" that it cannot live here. Then the flea leaves this animal and again sets off in a free search. Fleas do not remain on animals protected from insects with the help of now available protective equipment. I will describe these remedies below, but here I want to emphasize that if the protective agent acts through the blood, then flea bites, which then leave the animal, are quite possible. Such episodes of periodic visits go unnoticed by the owners, while a flea, when bitten, can infect an animal with those diseases that these insects carry. Fleas from rodents and birds can pass to dogs and cats. Recently, a grandiose action to combat urban rats took place in our city. After the death of the owner, fleas do not die, but go to look for a new one for themselves. So now the number of hungry fleas in intensive search has increased. Naturally, their most accessible prey is stray animals, but they will not refuse to "taste" homemade. Fleas enter apartments in several ways. A dog or a walking cat can bring them on their own. If you use protective equipment, the flea will leave the animal and start looking for a new owner in the house. We ourselves bring fleas and especially their larvae on shoes or trousers with street dirt. These larvae crawl into the crevices of the floor and further develop into fleas. Fleas can enter the upper floors of the house from the attic if homeless animals live there or birds, especially pigeons, nest there. A few more words about immunity. In a previous article about the cucumber tapeworm (which fleas transmit to animals), I mentioned that the most abundant infection with this parasite is detected in animals that are taken out of town in summer. The explanation for this phenomenon lies in the field of immune responses. The fact is that when conditions change, even to seemingly more favorable ones, the body must adapt to the new environment, and at the same time immunity is temporarily reduced. Therefore, during this period, the most likely is to pick up any invasion or infection. How to protect an animal from fleas? Now in veterinary pharmacies you can find a large selection of remedies for these insects. These are collars, shampoos, sprays, powders, and drops from parasitic insects ("spot-on"). Domestic ones are relatively inexpensive, but, according to some experts, not very high quality and, accordingly, reliability. The series of anti-flea drugs "Bolfo" and "Advantage" from "Bayer", the gamut of drugs from "Beaphar" and "Bio-Groom", as well as "Frontline" from "Merial" have proven themselves quite well. The most popular are flea collars. Indeed, for many animals, this is a convenient means of prevention. Most flea collars are impregnated with synthetic pyrethroids, which are harmful to fleas. However, while the flea gets into the collar's area of ​​effect, it can have time to bite the animal with all the ensuing consequences. Collars are more effective on smooth-haired animals. In addition, pyrethroids have long been thought to be safe for animals and humans. It turned out that this is not the case. They have a fairly pronounced neurotoxic effect, dangerous not only for animals, but also for humans. Cats are more sensitive to this effect than dogs. There were even cases of death of cats that managed to suck pyrethroids from the collar. In some animals, the allergy is not caused by pyrethroids, but by substances that are used when they are dissolved to soak the collar. If the animal has fleas, you need to remove them with shampoo, and then put on the collar. For long-haired animals, it is recommended to first treat with insect shampoo, and then combine the collar with periodic treatment with sprays and powders. In this case, it is important to observe the reaction of the animal. Excitement, disobedience, usually unusual for your pet, or, conversely, lethargy, drowsiness, indicate that the animal is highly sensitive to these anti-flea drugs, and other remedies should be tried. Most of these drugs are contraindicated in puppies and kittens up to 4 - 8 weeks old, as well as in pregnant and lactating animals. A reliable effect is provided only by a combination of several means; it is not for nothing that manufacturing companies are developing a whole series of drugs. If fleas appear in the house, you can use zoo shampoos to clean the floor. This procedure may have to be repeated several times - flea eggs are resistant to substances harmful to larvae and adult insects. Recently, a new non-toxic drug "Stronghold" has appeared, which allows you to reduce the fight against fleas and some other parasites in a simple procedure. The drug in the form of "spot-on" is applied to the withers of a dog or cat and is quickly absorbed into the blood through the skin. Then he begins, on the contrary, to stand out through the skin. Thus, the animal is reliably protected from colonization by fleas. The active substance of the drug released with skin and hair particles also destroys flea larvae that eat them, if they find themselves in the house. The dose contained in one tube lasts for one month. Then the processing is repeated. Front Line, which is also available in tubes, works differently. It does not penetrate into the blood, but is gradually distributed over the surface of the animal's body and accumulates in the sebaceous glands. The effectiveness of one treatment is 3 months. Frontline spray can be used for even more intensive treatment required for long-haired animals, and it is also the only product that can be used for puppies and kittens from the first day of life. Like Stronghold, it contributes to the elimination of fleas in the environment. To protect animals sensitive to pharmaceuticals from fleas, concentrated decoctions of wormwood or tansy can be used. After thorough washing, the hair of the animal is soaked with these broths and allowed to dry. However, the reliability of these funds is low. In addition, decoctions of these plants are also toxic to animals and humans. As you can see, protecting animals from fleas is not an easy task. It must be cared for with the use of the entire complex of means, selecting them taking into account the individual characteristics of the animal. Especially it is necessary to dwell on allergic dermatitis caused by flea saliva. This allergy develops gradually. The body cannot "get used" to the allergen, on the contrary, with each new bite, the sensitivity (sensitization) of the body to it increases. Another flea bite can be the trigger that develops flea dermatitis. Flea bite allergy is based on an immunopathological reaction. Therefore, antihistamines such as Suprastin, Tavegil or Claretin can only slightly reduce itching, but do not relieve the actual allergy. In an animal, the skin becomes inflamed and itchy, scratching is accompanied by the addition of secondary infections. It is characteristic that the allergy manifests itself not only at the site of bites, dermatitis captures a large surface of the body. Animals lose their hair, lose weight, become nervous. Flea bite allergies should be treated by a veterinarian.

E. Kornakova


General characteristics

Although under the concept of "bed" can hide many different fleas, as a rule, they are very similar in appearance. They are very small, about 2-4 mm, insects, distinguished by excellent jumping ability due to powerful hind legs. This makes them difficult to spot and even more difficult to destroy.

It is almost impossible to see the body parts of this parasite with the naked eye. As a rule, his body is rounded, covered with tough dark chitin. The insect can withstand enormous pressure - it is very difficult to crush it with your fingers. They adhere well to any surface due to the bristles on the body and are oriented in space due to antennae-antennas.

There are all kinds of fleas

Fleas do not have a specific mode of activity and able to bite at any time of the day.

They prefer to settle on carpets, bedspreads, pet beds, in the folds of bed linen, under baseboards, window sills and in other secluded places where they are difficult to notice.


Veterinary medicine - Diseases of cats - Helminths, fleas, lice and other parasites - Parasites and parasiticides

Due to the sharp increase in the number of pedigree animals, their exchange, import and contacts, as well as the organization of nurseries, the problem of parasitic diseases of cats is becoming increasingly acute in Russia. However, the literacy of cat owners in this matter leaves much to be desired, which prompted me to draw the attention of readers of the magazine to this problem and provide some explanations on the biology of parasites and means of combating them.

The most common and important are three groups of parasites: insects (fleas and lice), mites (ear, scabies, etc.) and worms, or helminths, or worms (round - nematodes, flat - trematodes, and tape - cestodes) ... Sometimes parasitic diseases include those that are caused by unicellular organisms - parasitic protozoa (coccidia, toxoplasma, trypanosomes, leishmania, giardia, etc.), but in fact they stand apart and will not be considered here. Substances that selectively kill parasites are called parasiticides. Among them, according to the three listed groups of multicellular parasites, insecticides (against insects), acaricides (against ticks) and vormicides, or anthelmintics (against worms) are isolated. The flea is the most famous and widespread parasite of cats. The main representative is the feline flea Ctenocephalides felis, although in some cases cats can be infected with the canine Ctenocephalides canis and even the human flea Pulex irritans. It is important to know that fleas that live on a cat and feed on its blood never breed their young on it: they lay their eggs in the crevices of floors and pile of carpets, where flea larvae hatch and grow with appropriate humidity and dust. Therefore, the main remedy against the constant presence of fleas at home is a vacuum cleaner. Washing floors and carpets with plain water promotes the survival and growth of larvae and adult fleas. As with any disinfection, detergents containing sodium hypochlorite (bleach) can be recommended. For emergency destruction of fleas on a cat, the use of insecticides is necessary (see below).

Head lice (the presence of lice) also occurs in cats, although relatively rare. Unlike fleas, the full life cycle of lice takes place directly on the animal. The eggs laid by the louse remain attached to the base of the hair in the form of nits, from which larvae hatch, which then grow into adult lice. Cat lice do not parasitize on humans. Treatment is fairly simple, with shampoos containing insecticides. Kerosene and other petroleum products (lysol, creosol and phenolic compounds), as well as kerosene-based insecticides (for example, dichlorvos in cans), should never be used to treat cats - this can kill them, since such substances are easily absorbed through the skin and cause general poisoning of an animal.

Parasitic mites are a serious problem in today's feline world. The diseases they cause are rather difficult to treat. Generally speaking, ticks are a composite concept that unites several different groups of parasitic arachnids. Not to be confused: ticks are not insects, they belong to a different class of arthropods and are close to spiders.The most common in domestic cats of our climatic zone: ear mite Otodectes cynotis, dermal feline mite heiletiella (Cheyletiella parasitivorax and C. blakei), itch mite notoedres (Notoedres cati) and dermal cat mite demodexati demodex (Demo.

The ear mite is best known as it gives pronounced symptoms of the disease: the cat often shakes its head, scratches its ears, and black discharge is found in the auricles. Very contagious! In advanced cases, it can lead to a serious condition of the animal and secondary infections.

A much less well-known, but rather common tick-borne disease of cats is heiletiellosis. The pathogen (heiletiella mite) lives in the surface layers of the animal's skin and lays eggs at the base of the hair in the form of nits. Causes itching, but not a strong cat just periodically "scratched". Cat skin, especially around the neck and base of the ears, often (but not always) has reddish dry pimples, flaky skin and dandruff. This dandruff contains live mites and is sometimes referred to as "stray dandruff". This mite is also extremely contagious. It can pass on to a person and bite him like a flea, but for a long time he does not hold on to him and does not live.

Notoedrosis, a disease caused by the notoedres mite, is feline scabies. The pathogen belongs to the family of sarcoptic mites (pruritus) that cause scabies in various mammals, including humans. However, feline scabies is specific and cannot be transmitted to humans or dogs. It is accompanied by severe itching of the skin in cats. The mite lives in the skin, piercing it and making moves in it. The ends of the ears and the back of the neck are especially affected, and later the muzzle and eyelids. In advanced cases, secondary bacterial infections are possible.

Demodectic mange in cats is one of the most common and little noticed infections. The Demodex cat mite, unlike the Demodex canine mite, most often shows no visible symptoms at all. According to experts, most of the cats around the world are infected with this tick; the tick simply cohabits with the cat, without causing any visible disease. However, in weakened individuals and in older cats, the tick can cause skin lesions, accompanied by the appearance of symmetrically located foci of baldness, especially on the ears, around the eyes and on the bridge of the nose, and in more severe cases on the chin, chest, abdomen, groin and tail. As a rule, the infection is not accompanied by itching.

Parasitic worms, or helminths, or worms are a complex, large and diverse group of parasites that mainly affect the internal organs of the cat, in contrast to insects and ticks, which parasitize mainly on the surface of the animal. This group of parasites deserves a separate discussion, and will only be mentioned here. Among the three classes of worms mentioned at the beginning, nematodes (roundworms) are the most common, diverse and clinically and epidemiologically important. They can affect almost all internal organs of an animal: gastrointestinal tract, muscles, lungs, heart, liver, kidneys, etc. Therefore, one should not think that if a cat has undergone a course of treatment with conventional oral (through the mouth) anthelmintic drugs, then it is free of worms: many of these drugs expel worms only from the gastric tract.

The main and eternal problem in the treatment of parasitic diseases is that both the parasite and the host are animal organisms, and, therefore, the question arises how to come up with such a poison that would poison the parasite animal and be harmless to the host animal. In view of the closeness of the types of structure and metabolism of any animal cell, this problem seems insoluble. In fact, there are only partial, relative solutions: you can find substances that are highly toxic to the parasite animal and slightly toxic to the host animal. That's what everyone is parasiticides... In other words, there are no completely harmless drugs against parasites - you have to choose between the harm caused by the parasite and the harm from the use of the antiparasitic drug.

The most effective modern parasiticides are nerve poisons, used either for surface treatment of the host animal, or for introduction into its bloodstream. With superficial treatment with nerve-paralytic poison, everything seems simple: the poison gets on a flea or a tick and, penetrating through the trachea into the parasite (and, without penetrating the host's skin), paralyzes and kills only it, the parasite. However, the host animal, and especially the cat, can lick the poison from its fur and skin, as a result of which it gets into the mouth, stomach, intestines and, ultimately, into the blood. Moreover, nerve poisons such as fenthion and ivermectin are injected directly into the blood of the host animal, without tragic consequences for it. What's the matter? All warm-blooded animals have a remarkable adaptation - the so-called blood-brain barrier, which does not pass (more precisely, poorly passes) many substances from the blood to the central nervous system, including the brain. Modern parasiticides are specially selected nerve poisons that are almost unable to penetrate the barrier. Therefore, such a poison can circulate in the blood without poisoning the host animal, and the parasite, having sucked such blood, will die.

The first generation of such modern selective nerve poisons were natural pyrethrins and their synthetic counterparts - pyrethroids. These are the safest for warm-blooded animals, highly effective insecticides and acaracides. Their predecessor was pyrethrum - "Persian powder" obtained from one of the southern types of chamomile. In general, chamomile has long been known as an insect repellent. Their active principle is pyrethrins - esters of chrysanthemum acid. Powders and aerosols against fleas and ticks, now produced by many companies in the world, contain, as a rule, even stronger synthetic pyrethroids - such as tetramethrin, permethrin, allethrin, fenvalerate, phenothrin and others. They are also used as additives to antiparasitic shampoos. Stomozan and neostomosan preparations, which have now appeared on the domestic market, are concentrates of pure pyrethroid (teramethrin), which can be used both for direct treatment of a cat (after appropriate dilution) and as an additive in shampoo. It should only be remembered that pyrethrins and pyrethroids in the aquatic environment are not very stable, and their activity falls rather quickly over time.

In addition to pyrethrins and pyrethroids, in veterinary practice, they are widely used in the form of powders and aerosols for surface application against insects and ticks, as well as as an active principle of antiparasitic collars of dogs and cats, a number of powerful, but also more toxic organophosphorus compounds, for example diazinon, malathion, Chlorpyrifos (Dursban), Cythionate (Proban), Ronnel, Fenchlorphos, Dichlorphos (DDVP or Task). Two more groups of insecticides - organochlorine compounds, the first representatives of which were DDT and hexachlorane, and methyl carbamates, such as sarbaril (sevin) and propoxpur (baigon) - are also successfully used in veterinary practice.

The thiophosphoorganic compound fenthion (a derivative of thiophos), which is a strong nerve poison, penetrates so poorly through the blood-brain barrier of warm-blooded animals and at the same time is so well absorbed directly through the skin that it is used for without injection (without a syringe and injection) introduction into the blood bed of the animal. Fleas and ticks become paralyzed and die by sucking on the blood or lymph of such a host. Fenthion produced by the German company Bayer under the brand name Tigufon (Tiguvon 10 for cats) appeared on the domestic market. This method of application is very effective against parasites. However, one should not forget about the relative toxicity of organophosphorus compounds, and they must be used with certain caution and with a strict dosage. Their use is not recommended for the treatment of young and pregnant animals, regardless of the method of application.

In a search for more effective and less toxic new generation antihelminthic agents in 1979, a new class of natural substances, such as antibiotics, produced by the radiant fungus Streptomyces avermifilis, was discovered in the research laboratory of the Merk company effective against nematodes (roundworms) of all types, have been called avermectins. Subsequently, by a slight chemical modification (hydrogenation) of one of the avermectins, an even more effective anthelmintic called ivermectin was obtained. Under the brand name Ivomek, this product appeared on our market. Ivermectin turned out to be an absolutely remarkable parasiticide with a wide spectrum of actions: being a nerve poison (blocker of gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors), it kills nematodes, ticks, and insects, and in very low concentrations compared to other parasiticides. Its toxicity for warm-blooded animals is low, since the doses used are small, and it poorly penetrates the blood-brain barrier. It can also be administered orally, but the main route of administration is subcutaneous injections. In terms of effectiveness, it is much superior to other anthelmintics, killing also nematodes that parasitize outside the gastrointestinal tract. There is no remedy equal to it in terms of the effectiveness of removing ear and subcutaneous mites. Experiments and field trials carried out on different groups of domestic animals have shown the possibility of its use both on young animals (which often gives an increase in growth due to the exclusion of parasitic nematodes) and on pregnant women.

Of course, as with any parenteral drug administration, it is very important to strictly adhere to the dosage. An overdose can kill an animal, but an underdose wakes up, is useless from the point of view of treatment and to some extent harmful to him (after all, poison!). According to the information available in the scientific and veterinary literature, the optimal dose of ivermectin for cats with subcutaneous injection is 0.4 mg (0.04 ml of ivomek solution) per 1 kg of the cat's weight. In cases of severe worming or tickling, the dose can be increased to 1 mg (0.1 ml) per 1 kg of body weight. The doses indicated in the accompanying instructions for ivomek (0.02 ml per kg) are calculated for livestock. The dosage rules for almost all drugs are such that the smaller the animal, the greater the dose should be per 1 kg of body weight. The above dose for cats is the result of many scientific experiments and trials on domestic cats of various breeds.

Despite the obvious successes of using ivermectin in agriculture (in the US, reducing losses of hundreds of millions of dollars a year) and in "small" veterinary medicine, there is a strong bias against the drug among cat and dog owners and even among some veterinarians. Are there any real grounds for such a bias? Yes, ivermectin is a poison, and it is inevitably to some extent toxic to a warm-blooded animal. But all others parasiticides are also toxic and often even more toxic than ivermectin. For example, such a "harmless" anthelmintic, like piperazine, produces nervous toxicosis in a much larger number of cases than is observed for ivermectin. As with any other medicine, some individuals may have an increased individual sensitivity to ivermectin - one must always be ready for this and not blame doctors and veterinarians for improper treatment. Ivermectin was found to be highly toxic among individuals of some dog breeds in the literature, collies and Australian shepherds were noted. Among cats, one death (coma) was reported in 1994 after ivermectin was administered to a 4-month-old kitten, although in general kittens of all ages are widely injected with ivermectin to treat cheiletiellosis, ear mites and helminthiasis. By the way, stunted kittens often start to grow well and develop well after ivermectin injection. You should also know that the injection of ivermectin to cats is very often accompanied by temporary toxicosis, which is expressed either in an aggressive reaction to everything around, or in a state of "intoxication", or in a painful reaction, or even in a short fainting spell. There is no need to be afraid of this: this state passes without a trace in a minute. The author does not have any documentary data on the harmful effects of ivermectin on the liver, kidneys and other internal organs of the cat.

In conclusion, I would like to say the following. A significant increase in the number of expensive purebred cats in Russia in recent years requires an increased responsibility of their owners for the health of animals. Parasitic diseases spread and grow in proportion to this population, and their treatment is difficult and requires good knowledge not only in the field of pure veterinary medicine, but also in the biology of parasites and the biochemistry of the action of drugs. Therefore, it is very important not to use unverified rumors, "folk" recipes and irresponsible recommendations of non-professionals when treating animals and when using (or not using) certain means. Pet owners should try to find experienced, knowledgeable and intelligent veterinarians, consult with professional biologists and engage in self-education in order to at least in general terms understand the meaning of a particular treatment and the principles of action of the drugs used.


Pest control

Unfortunately, pests are human partners who can appear anywhere and there will be no joy from meeting them. After all, such insects and animals damage human health, housing, agriculture. Some of them live in the house and in the kitchen, eating food supplies and damaging clothes and furniture, someone prefers a vegetable garden and a garden, eating our fruits and vegetables, someone bites painfully, feeds on our blood and provokes allergies, and someone is simply a sign of unsanitary conditions.

In any case, pests negatively affect the quality of our life, and most importantly, many of them serve as carriers of the most unpleasant diseases or bacteria and viruses that spread diseases. Thus, pest control and prevention of their appearance is a fight for our lives and health, as well as the health of our children and pets. Our site is a collection of tactics and strategies for this struggle: you can contact us regardless of what kind of unwanted guest has settled in your house or garden.


How to remove fleas in an apartment

So, you have fleas in your apartment - what to do now? The process of removing fleas in an apartment is a rather expensive task, both in time and in terms of effort. Because of their structure, fleas cannot, like many other parasites, eat poisoned food. Therefore, other methods are used to destroy them.

First (preparatory) stage

Currently, many highly effective drugs and techniques have been developed to do this. If this procedure is carried out correctly and carefully, then once to achieve the desired effect, it will be enough.

Having decided to start this procedure, you must first figure out where the fleas came from. If this issue is not clarified, then there is a danger that they will appear again.

As stated above, the most common carriers are pets. So, firstly, you need to examine them, if necessary, take them to the veterinarian and get rid of fleas.

The absence of fleas will also serve as protection from the worms that they carry.

If you do not carry out this procedure, then after you destroy the fleas in the room, they will divorce again. If possible, this should be done at the same time as the disinfection of the home. This will give great guarantees that the parasites will be completely destroyed.

If it turned out that insects got into the apartment with infected things or objects (things, shoes, furniture), they must first be disinfected.

After identifying and disinfecting the main insect habitat, you can start processing the entire apartment.

Pet flea removers

Today there is a wide range of drugs developed for these purposes. The choice depends on your preference.

If fleas were found in your dog, we advise you to read the article on how to remove fleas from adults and dogs. If the dog itches, but you could not find any parasites, try the options from here.

And this article concerns already cats and cats, in it the veterinarian gives an exhaustive answer to the question: where do domestic cats get fleas from?

Insecticidal agents

There are several types of these funds.

  • Drops
  • Shampoos
  • Sprays

Flea drops for pets

They are affordable, but it is worth familiarizing yourself with some of the contraindications that they have. Subject to all the rules of use, they do not pose a danger and are very effective, they are applied mainly to the ears of the animal.

Flea shampoos

If your pet often walks down the street, then shampoo is more suitable for him. Parasites completely disappear already at the first application, and its effect can last up to a month.

Special aerosols (insecticidal)

Fleas are also removed the first time, ideally combined with a one-time treatment of the animal and disinfection of the room.

Anti-flea collar

Very reliable and effective against fleas. The fact is that its effect lasts throughout the entire wearing period, that is, the pet is constantly protected.

Sometimes for these purposes they use injections, tablets, traditional medicine.

When choosing drugs, you should still consult with your veterinarian.

The main stage

If the pets are cleaned and the infected things are disinfected, you can start removing fleas in the apartment. Since they live at a height of up to one and a half meters, this area must be processed especially carefully. First of all, you need to decide in what way you will do it.

  • aerosols
  • powder
  • heat treatment
  • calling specialists.

If you decide to disinfect yourself, you must adhere to certain rules.

Spray can

  • The room should be free of animals and people who are not involved in the process
  • Collect and dispose of all unnecessary trash
  • Move furniture aside so that there is access to the walls, if there are carpets, remove
  • Spray all pieces of furniture (both outside and inside), clothes, bed linen. It is good to fill the baseboards on the floor and all kinds of cracks
  • Close windows and doors tightly in a few hours and leave the apartment
  • When you return, you need to conduct good ventilation and wash the treated room, clean the fleecy surfaces with a vacuum cleaner or shake out. Wash clothes and linen thoroughly.

Spray types

There are several types of sprays

  • Professional (for example, Sinuzan). They are very effective, but have a pungent odor. Working with them is mandatory to use a respirator, gloves, goggles. Mainly used by disinfection specialists
  • Household flea sprays (e.g. Master 250)
  • Sprays for the destruction of flying and crawling insects (for example, Raptor, Raid). The absence of any odor and the ability to stay in the apartment during processing (non-toxic) make it very convenient to use

Sprays are very effective, as they allow you to remove both adults and their larvae in one use.

Powders

Cleaning an apartment from parasites using powder will require a lot of time. So how to get fleas out of the apartment with powder products? They (powders) simply fall asleep in places where insect larvae accumulate (plinths, crevices, corners). In addition, they cause the death of adults, falling on their bodies.

The most popular today are

  • Phenaxine
  • Pyrethrum.
In general, the effectiveness of powders is much lower than aerosols, but at the same time they do not require isolation of residents and their pets from the premises.

Thermal treatment of the premises from fleas

This method consists either in lowering the temperature in the room to minus 20 degrees, or in burning out fleas at 50 degrees. This method is only available to specialists when using heat guns.

Calling a team of specialists

This is perhaps the most effective flea killing method. Experts will identify how infested your home is with insects and will select the best means to combat them. You just have to prepare the apartment in accordance with the requirements of the exterminators.

After any treatment, fleas may reappear after a few days. This is a common occurrence - hatched from the larva or got out of a deep place. Don't worry too much. They will die on contact with the treated surface. This can go on for a month.


The reasons for the appearance of earthen fleas in the house and how to get rid of blood-sucking parasites on your own

Fleas

Everyone knows about the existence of fleas. Some suggest that pests are transmitted exclusively from animals, but earthen fleas actively feed on human blood, which leads to severe allergic reactions and other unpleasant consequences.

Features of the parasite, danger to humans, effective methods of dealing with earthen fleas. All aspects of interest to the average layman are described in the following material. Even without being a specialist, having studied the article, you can independently overcome the invasion of bloodsuckers.


Prophylaxis

Take wormwood (fresh, dry), spread around the house. It is recommended to be located in places where parasites are seen - under carpets, on skirting boards. The presented method also perfectly helps against parasites that have appeared. Tansy tincture also helps.

  1. When going for a walk with your pet, you should wear closed shoes and socks. Allows you to avoid a bite. Repellents with a high DEET content should be used, which repels most of the insects.
  2. Herbs help to rid people of fleas in the apartment: thyme, wormwood, tansy.
  3. Fleas - Prefer to live in damp areas, keeping dry and clean is the most effective measure.
  4. Cleaning should be carried out using a soapy solution.
  5. Since fleas can live on animals, pets must be equipped with special collars that have been treated with anti-parasite agents.
  6. So that fleas do not settle on people, you should fight with mice and rodents. They often become sources of infection.
  7. Wash your pets' paws after a walk.
Fleas do not live permanently on humans. Parasites can carry many dangerous diseases.

Most of the infection comes from pets. For protection, you should treat your clothes and body with special means and wear closed shoes and clothes.



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