Description and characteristics of the tomato variety Khokhloma

The Khokhloma tomato variety of the agricultural firm Gavrish was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2004. According to the characteristics and description, it is intended for indoor cultivation in vegetable gardens and farms.

Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Khokhloma

The variety is not hybrid, mid-season with fruit ripening after 115-120 days after shoots. The plant is indeterminate, tall with the length of the main stem up to 2 m. A garter and the formation of a bush with the removal of stepchildren are required. The best results are obtained by the development of a tomato bush in one and two stems.

Leaves are simple, medium, dark green. The initial inflorescence appears above the eighth leaf, then every three leaves. Up to 11 tomatoes grow on the brush, they do not fall off.

Elongated fruits 12-17 cm, smooth, cylindrical. Ripe tomatoes have an intense red color. Weight from 100 to 150 grams... The skin is thick. The pulp is firm, not watery.

Tomatoes are universal, suitable for fresh salad consumption and for preservation, they are easy to put in jars. Registered marketable yield 8-10 kg from 1 m2.

In the garden plots, the Khokhloma tomato is grown in greenhouses, it can be cultivated in open ground in the southern regions with a mild climate.

Pros and cons

The advantages of the variety include:

  • high yield in small areas, subject to agrotechnical rules;
  • long-term fruiting throughout the season;
  • pleasant taste;
  • resistance to mosaic disease, late blight, fusarium, cladosporium, many viruses;
  • unique long-term storage capacity without loss of presentation and taste;
  • transportability.

The controversial shortcomings of Khokhloma include increased density, thick skin and inconsistency of fruits. It is impossible to make juice from such tomatoes. On the other hand, with whole-fruit canning, these "disadvantages" turn into positive qualities.

Growing requirements

According to the rules of crop rotation, the best predecessors for tomatoes are carrots, onions, zucchini, cucumbers, dill, parsley.

Khokhloma is grown in a greenhouse. It is possible in the open field, but the yield will be much lower.

Since the variety is tall, the greenhouse must be of sufficient height. For a garter, it is better to use a trellis net.

In order to get the harvest in July, the seeds need to be sown in the beginning of March... The seeds of the Gavrish company have a high germination rate, up to 98.

The growing algorithm is as follows:

  • We sow the treated seeds on seedlings in moist, light, nutritious soil to a depth of 20 mm. Seedling care is thinning, watering and feeding... We maintain the required temperature.
  • We dive when the first true leaf appears in separate containers.
  • Preliminary soil preparation includes digging with the introduction of a sufficient amount of humus, complex mineral fertilizers, and ash.
  • We plant aged seedlings 54-60 days for a permanent place according to the scheme 40 * 70 cm, 3-4 pieces per 1 m2. Planting is carried out in April in greenhouses, and in May - in open ground, when a favorable temperature regime is established and the soil warms up to + 14 degrees.
  • For a high yield plant we form in one stem... Stepchildren 3-4 cm long are removed every 7-10 days. We tie the plants on vertical trellises.
  • We remove the lower leaves under the first brush, one every week, so that they do not take food from ripening fruits and do not collect disease spores from the soil.
  • Further care traditionally consists in regular procedures for loosening the soil, watering, weeding, fertilizing and mulching.

As a top dressing use infusion of mullein, bird droppings, mineral fertilizers and trace elements according to the standards in accordance with agrotechnical rules.

During the ripening period, tomatoes are responsive to mineral fertilizing with potassium content. Nitrogen during this period provokes the excessive development of green mass to the detriment of the crop. Therefore, it will be erroneous to apply abundant organic matter. In addition to the harmful effects of nitrogen, organic matter contributes to the development of diseases.

Disease prevention

The Khokhloma tomato is considered a variety with immunity to diseases and pests.

It should be remembered about the rules of agricultural technology and crop rotation. To avoid diseases will help:

  • loosening the soil;
  • timely weeding;
  • watering with settled water.

Tomatoes love abundant, but rare watering... During the fruiting period, you should not abuse nitrogen fertilizers and apply fresh manure.

But preventive measures will not interfere, they are as follows:

  • you need to process seedlings with 0.5% Bordeaux liquid before planting;
  • 3 weeks before harvesting the fruits of the plant, disinfect with a solution of 4 g of copper sulfate per 1 liter of water;
  • periodically add ash around the bushes.

Harvesting and storage

Frozen tomatoes not suitable for storage, they deteriorate immediately.

Harvesting must be carried out at an air temperature of at least +8 degrees. To collect fruits for long-term storage, we choose a fine day. Do not collect after rain.

For storage, you need to collect small fruits, dense, no damage... They should be brown or milky.

In special plastic or wooden boxes for vegetables, lay the tomatoes on the paper with the stalks upside down, sprinkle with sawdust. Place boxes on top of each other in a dark, cool room with a humidity above 80%. The room must be ventilated.

It is good if it is possible to divide the tomatoes according to the degree of ripeness. If you store red fruits at a temperature of +1 degrees, brown - at a temperature of +4 degrees, and green at +10, the shelf life will increase by 2 months.

Under these conditions, tomatoes ripen slowly. Their taste and biological composition will not differ from the fruits ripened on the vine.

Tomato Khokhloma belongs to well-kept varieties that have an oval shape and small-seeded chambers, as well as a dense structure. With proper storage organization, tomatoes can be saved until winter.

Each gardener chooses his variety through trial and error. If you like long, dense tomatoes, look at the Khokhloma tomatoes. They have the advantage of getting early fruits, and convenient preservation, and simple care. It is not for nothing that this variety was called “tomatoes for the lazy”.

Tomato Marmande is a Dutch variety whose name is associated with the city of the same name, located in the Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The variety is not included in the register of breeding achievements of Russia, although summer residents have known it for more than a decade. Recommended for growing in greenhouses in all regions. In the south, it is allowed to cultivate in the open field.

The main characteristics of the variety:

  • semi-determinant (the bush is quite tall, but its growth is limited)
  • medium-sized (120-150 cm)
  • early ripening (tomatoes are formed in 85-100 days).

Leaves are dark green, typical shape, medium size. The foliage of the bush is high, the interval of internodes is small. The inflorescence is simple, the first is formed above 7, 8 or 9 leaves, the subsequent ones are laid every 2-3. The set is good, 4-5 Marmande tomatoes are formed on the brush.

Description of fruits

The photo shows that the Marmande tomatoes are strongly flattened at the top and bottom. They are light red with a glossy, ribbed surface. The average diameter is 7-8 cm, weight is from 150 to 250 g. The pulp is quite juicy, sugary, the taste is balanced, with a pleasant sourness.

Fruits with few seed chambers. You can collect them - the offspring will be fertile, since the Marmande tomato is a variety, not a hybrid.

Due to their early ripening, Marmande tomatoes have time to turn red on the bushes

Description and characteristics of the variety

The Chukhloma cultivar from the Gavrish agricultural firm is a tall liana-like plant with dark green wrinkled foliage. In greenhouse conditions, it reaches a height of more than 2 m.

A variety of medium early ripening. Forms long brushes, in each of which 10-15 bright orange cylindrical fruits with a spout at the end are tied (see photo).

The first bunch grows over the ninth leaf, the next three leaves. The length of each brush reaches 20-30 cm, which hang like garlands, almost completely covering the foliage. From the side, the bush resembles a decorated Christmas tree.

Tomato fruits are dense, fleshy with firm skin, 2-3 seed chambers. The pulp is bright orange in color, without white streaks, has an excellent taste and pronounced aroma. Tomatoes contain an increased amount of carotene and do not cause allergies. Suitable for fresh consumption, dietary food, for preparations for the winter.

The variety is hardy, gives a stable harvest in conditions of extreme temperatures and cold weather. Ripe fruits can hang on a branch for a long time without cracking. Tomatoes tolerate transportation well and are stored for a long time.

On a note! Filmed at the stage of technical ripeness, tomatoes ripen perfectly at home without losing taste.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Tomato Lyudmila is bred in almost all regions. Summer residents appreciate it for its very good taste and stable yields. In addition, agricultural technology is simple - both experienced and novice gardeners will be able to grow bushes.

Lyudmila tomatoes have a balanced taste and pleasant aroma

  • good yield
  • excellent taste
  • good drought tolerance (withstands lack of watering and heat for at least 5 days in a row)
  • resistance to extremes and short-term drops in night temperatures
  • undemanding to care
  • good keeping quality and transportability.
  • need for pinning
  • the need to tie to a support
  • average resistance to disease.

Positive and negative sides of the tomato variety

The characteristic of the species provides for the disclosure of positive and negative aspects. On this basis, the final choice of the summer resident is made in favor of one or another variety.

  • Disease resistance.
  • Versatility in use.
  • Drought resistance.
  • Suitable for mechanized harvesting.
  • Long shelf life and good transportability.

  • Intolerance to temperature changes.
  • Lack of light slows down growth and fruiting.

Diseases and pests

The Khokhloma tomato variety has a high immunity to diseases, including Fusarium and Cladosporium. Relatively resistant to phytophorosis. One of the most effective ways to prevent fungal diseases is to spray the bushes with iodine solution. 1 liter of milk is poured into 10 liters of water, a tablespoon of grated laundry soap and 30 drops of iodine are added. For preventive purposes, 2-3 treatments are enough with a difference of 7-10 days.

It is worth being careful about pests such as mice. They not only undermine the plants, but gnaw through the stems. Cleanliness in the greenhouse and periodic inspection of the soil for the presence of holes will allow you to notice rodents at the very beginning.

Growing errors

According to the characteristics of the variety, the Irishka tomato does not require pinching and bush formation. However, some gardeners cut off stepchildren to accelerate fruiting, which leads to a decrease in yield.

When tying up the shoots of a bush, it is not advisable to use a synthetic rope, because this causes damage to the stem.

Gardeners should be aware that fruits ripen almost at the same time, so you need to prepare a place for storing them in advance.

Watch the video: 2020 Tomato Varieties

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