On September 15, the fifth anniversary International exhibition of flower decoration and landscape design "Blooming Planet", located along the central alley of the All-Russian Exhibition Center and lasted for almost three months, finished its work. 27 landscape and flower expositions, performed by professionals from Moscow, Bratsk, Stary Oskol, took part in the main competition , Tomsk, Ulyanovsk, two participating companies from Germany.
The compositions "Eurasia", "Chinese Garden", "Corner of France", "Modern English Garden" created by them allowed the visitors of the exhibition to go on a journey to various places of our continent. Compositions "Garden of Lovers", "Crimson Bells", "Seasons in Russia", "And they turned into white cranes" gave a lyrical mood; compositions "The World of Begonias", "Merry Carousel", "Wonderful Creation", "Rainbow of Life", "Shaggy Bumblebee", on the contrary, awakened joy and fun in visitors with their bright colors. Philosophical reflections were promoted by the compositions "The Tree of Knowledge" and "The Pyramids". But the composition "Table Garden", which we especially liked, sent the big and small guests of the All-Russian Exhibition Center to a fairy tale - to Wonderland as interpreted by film director Tim Burton.
We paid tribute to the participants of the exhibition and to the veterans. In the year of the 65th anniversary of the Great Victory, compositions "War and Peace", "To Berlin!", "Vivat, 65 Years of Victory!", "In the Garden of Victory!" The last composition was created in contrast to the peaceful regular part with a wooden pergola entwined with greenery, an emerald lawn with arabesques, flowerpots with agaves planted in them and the aftermath of the war - a burnt fence, barbed wire, a winged headless statue preserved in a box by a stone Cupid.
Students from the universities of Moscow, Bratsk, Yekaterinburg, Maykop, Orel, Tomsk participated in the Garden Miniature competition (9 expositions on the theme “World without War” and 8 surprise works on the theme “Victory Waltz”). Thanks to the rich imagination of students in their compositions "There will be no other earth", "The symbol of peace - the sun", "Sign language - a world without war", "Eternal memory", "Poems about war", "Eternal flame - 65", " Salute of Victory "," Ship of Childhood "," Link of Time "and in the surprise works on the territory of the All-Russian Exhibition Center, a pair of pigeons appeared, peacefully flying over the model of our planet, a ship with sails sailing on a sea of white and blue lobelias, a wooden bridge thrown over a dry a stream, a multi-tiered five-pointed asymmetric star filled with flowers, an installation wall covered with poems about war, an eternal flame, an artificial flame that froze in the form of the number 65 ...
The plant basis of all the compositions presented at the exhibition was the traditional for flower beds begonias, petunias, marigolds, coleus, balsams, cineraria, ageratum, ornamental cabbage, celosia, lobelia. Ornamental grasses, castor oil plants, hosts, cannes, tree and shrub representatives of the flora - barberry, turf, roses, mountain ash, birch, maple - were less common in the compositions. The Grand Prix in the category "Garden and Park Composition" was awarded to the Moscow State United Museum-Reserve "Kolomenskoye-Izmailovo-Lefortovo-Lyublino" for the work "Victory in the Garden!" The same prize in the category "Landscape and flower composition" was received by CJSC "KHOZU VVTs" for the work "Garden of Lovers". The rest of the participants in the main competition were awarded gold, silver and bronze medals. In the student competition "Garden Miniature" on the theme "World without War", the jury recognized the best work "There will be no other land", created by the team of Bratsk State University.
Next year, the All-Russian Exhibition Center will again be glad to host new and old visitors and exhibitors.
Valentina Antsiferova, Alexey Antsiferov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Michurinsk
Elegant flower beds, decorated with bright flowers, enchant and bewitch, leaving no one indifferent. They attract us with their dazzling beauty and wonderful scent of flowers, spreading for several tens of meters around. Beautiful flower beds at the dacha transform the site, making it more festive. There is nothing difficult in building an original beautiful flower bed with your own hands. Any items can be used to equip a spectacular flower garden. A photo selection of unusual flower beds made by the hands of creative craftsmen will help you to verify this.
You can make beautiful flower beds with your own hands from any old thing.
In the hands of a creative owner, leaked kitchen utensils and old household equipment will be able to find a second life.
Even plumbing that has served its life can serve as a material for the manufacture of unusual flower beds.
Old bathtubs, cisterns and toilets already serve as an excellent option for planting containers.
To arrange such a flower bed, you need to make a minimum of effort. Paint the exterior of your plumbing with exterior paint, choosing two or three bright colors for your decor. Just a few touches, and the colorful composition will take on a new look, at the sight of which the mood will instantly rise.
If you include imagination, then the idea can be developed by creating a thematic composition that will amaze everyone around you with originality and humor.
Any available material is suitable for creating colorful compositions: old shoes and clothes, leather bags and suitcases, wicker baskets and baskets, paint buckets, barrels, tubs ... Painted in bright colors and planted with plants, they will look very organic on a suburban area.
When composing a composition from miniature flower beds, one should focus on the harmonious combination of its components, so that the result is a holistic picturesque corner
One of the most affordable materials for making roomy outdoor flowerpots are car tires. To make a beautiful flower bed, you can simply cut off the side of the tire with a boot knife so that you get an impromptu container into which fertile soil is poured and flower seedlings are planted.
It is enough to connect a little imagination, with a little more effort, and an ordinary car tire turns into a wonderful flower, an elegant vase or even a fabulous carriage.
Tires of various diameters are suitable for work. But nevertheless, craftsmen most often use R12-R17 tires, choosing products with maximum tread wear for operation. You can always get hold of material convenient for work and creativity in any tire workshop.
You can even create multi-tiered compositions from old wheels, with the help of which unsightly walls of outbuildings and solid fences around the perimeter of the site are successfully decorated
When translating your ideas into practice, do not be afraid to experiment. And then such flowerpots will become a worthy frame, emphasizing the beauty and splendor of the flowers planted in it.
After the rejuvenation of the garden, in addition to young shoots, thick branches are often left out of the lot. The zealous owner will always find a use for them.
Cut thick trunks of trees can become a reliable basis for the manufacture of beautiful flower beds that harmoniously fit into the landscape design of the site.
Such flower beds will act as original elements of vertical gardening. Taking up a minimum of space on the site, they successfully decorate unsightly corners in the garden.
When planning to build such a flower bed from a tree, you just need to choose a suitable trunk that can withstand the load that will create pots with flowers attached to it. To increase the strength of the structure, the trunk or thick branch of the cut tree is buried approximately half a meter and, if necessary, concreted. To extend the life of the wooden frame, the surface of the trunk is treated with used engine oil or coated with any compound that prevents wood from rotting.
The flower garden, placed directly in the very trunk of the tree, also looks interesting.
To create a beautiful flowerbed from a log, you just need to remove the bark from the tree trunk and make "pockets" that will serve as containers for fertile soil for planting plants.
Do not rush to throw out old furniture, it will still serve you, acting as an unusual flower garden. Old benches make a great stand for a range of colorful flower pots.
The most beautiful flower beds are obtained precisely from old furniture with carved legs and curly trim.
In order for the old chair to look more like a piece of art, and not unnecessary junk, you have to work hard. But thanks to your efforts, a spectacular composition will appear on the site, which will be a bright decoration of the garden. A flower pot is placed instead of a chair seat. Using climbing plants for landscaping, it is possible to achieve the effect of a "living" structure, in which all supports are picturesquely entwined with flowering lashes, creating a colored carpet.
You can even create a whole floral set in blue tones from old furniture, which, in combination with a green carpet and variegated flowers, will create a stunning effect.
An old chest of drawers gathering dust in the corner of the shed can be easily transformed into an unusual flower bed in just two or three days, which will become a worthy decoration of the front area of the site. The fascinating transformation process will appeal not only to adults, but also to children, for whom it will be one of the best creative games.
The main advantage of such a flower garden is space saving, which is especially important when decorating small garden plots. To arrange a cascading flower garden, drawers of the chest of drawers must be fixed in the open position, so as not inadvertently to spoil the planted plants in the future. The bottom of the boxes is covered with plastic wrap and covered with a layer of fertile soil. To accommodate the top landings, holes are cut in the top of the chest of drawers to fit the size of the containers with flowers.
Such a chest of drawers will give original touches to the decor of the garden and will cause admiration for the guests of the site and a source of pride for its owners.
Making out a flower garden, you can safely experiment, giving free rein to imagination and showing your creativity
The use of wooden wheelbarrows and carts for decorating an area has long been a classic. They are harmoniously combined with a wicker fence, giving the site a special color. A bicycle is more suitable for decorating a garden in a modern style.
When arranging a flower garden, the bike can be painted in any desired color, or you can leave it, specially preserving the distinct prints of past years
The planter for fresh flowers can be conveniently placed on the front and rear racks, as well as on the bicycle frame, or suspended from the handlebars. A flowerbed bike can be used as an independent display or as part of a house.
The bicycle, leaning against the wall and decorated with elegant flower pots, acts as a hedge that decorates an unattractive wall
According to this principle, it will not be difficult to equip an impromptu flower garden from an obsolete moped or motorcycle.
An old rusty moped, decorated with variegated floral arrangements, looks attractive and unusual
The ideas for creating flower beds are endless. Try it, be creative and create the same masterpieces on your site.
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No. 2, February 2005.
In the room:
- "Gladiolus in the Garden: Troubleshooter." Advice on agricultural technology and placement, novelties and prospects for breeding, glamini, butterfly and small-flowered gladioli.
Under the heading "Novelties of the flower market" - isme (hymenokallis, or pancratium). Growing in the garden.
"How to do it?" - "The scent of hyacinths every year." Annual cultivation of hyacinths in the garden.
"In my garden":
- "Cleoma loves the sun and space"
- "Ranunculus - sunny greetings from the Iranian mountains"
- "Daylily, a designer's dream"
- "Cannes Festival in Nikitsky Garden". Cannes collection of Nikitsky Botanical Garden, consultation of a leading expert on cannes, peculiarities of cannes cultivation. Cannes in Winter: The Experiment Continues.
"Top-level advice": growth stimulants, flowering, retardants.
"Garden in the style of nature": "Doubles of garden stars" - how to replace capricious "southerners".
- "Front garden on all sides of the world." What to plant where.
- "A new outfit for an old flower garden."
"Flowers in the House":
- "Oleander is cunning and beautiful." Features of cultivation in apartments.
- "It's time to replant!" Advice.
- Beloperone. Features of cultivation.
- "How to highlight Saintpaulias?" Choice of lamps and lighting device.
- "Cacti all year round: February".
Competition "Russia in Bloom - 2004".
No. 10, October 2005.
- “What do we actually buy when we see“ Heather in assortment ”on the counter. Similarities and differences between heather and erika, peculiarities of plant care.
"Collection of rarities":
- "I will leave Iglitsa to winter in the garden." From personal experience.
"In my garden":
- "A thousand leaves and a million shades." Review of species and garden forms of yarrow, features of agricultural technology.
- "Crown number of euonymus". Euonymus with beautiful autumn color of leaves, as well as evergreen. Planting and grooming tips.
Top Level Tips:
- "Rhizomes, tubers, bulbs: to dig or not to dig?" Consultation with a doctor of biological sciences.
"Medicine in a flower garden":
- "Good news about the monard, or what is" wild bergamot. "Review of species, advice on medicinal use.
"Novelties of the flower market":
- "Asters. A bouquet in a flowerbed, a flowerbed in a bouquet." Breeding novelties.
"How to do it?":
- "Weed that which cannot be weeded." On the intricacies of caring for dense plantings in mixborders.
"Nature style garden":
- "Blooming to the Snow". Several recommendations.
- "The right move. How lightning and mannik will change the garden." Effective use of cereals in the garden.
- "Pergola. Which one is for roses and which one is for peas?"
"How simple it is!":
- "Enlarge? Reduce? Let's play with perspective!" Change the space of the garden through optical effects.
"Flowers in the House":
- "You can grow citrus fruits in the room!" Tips for keeping in apartments
- "Cacti all year round: October".
- "Ornamental peppers: they're also delicious!" Tips for growing edible peppers on the windowsill.
"Planet of Flowers":
- "Croatia. Dance of the palm tree and the scent of rosemary".
Work calendar: what to do in may
Gardener Club: "Little tricks of carpet phlox"
“The guest of our club is Yuri Shlykov, the owner of a garden plot in the Stavropol region. His range of interests is extensive, and he represents a large group of "professional amateurs" in the horticultural community. With the participants of today's meeting of the Gardener Club, he will share one of the secrets of flower growing ... "
“More than one generation of relatives usually grows up in old dachas. And when the owner dies without leaving a will, the heirs often get into disputes. Which of them has the right to a share in the first place, who is in the second - the lawyer of the publishing house "Vkusnaya Zhizn" Ilya Ivanov tells about this. "
Design Garden: "Manor style"
“Unsuccessful decisions of modern landscape design most often arise through the fault of two persons.One of them is a "universal" designer who takes care of everything at once, the second is a customer who does not really know what he wants and improvises on the go. However, the period of confusion and experimentation ends, successful decisions become the rule. Our story-show is about this ... "
Doing Together: "A Log in Flowers"
“Small architectural forms in floral design are loved by everyone. And, by the way, for their creation it is not necessary to resort to the services of a sculptor, to buy expensive stone flowerpots or concrete trays. An ordinary piece of log will perfectly serve for the original design of your garden ... "
First steps: “Either a birch or a mountain ash ... Tree groups”
Gardener's Art: "Ornamental or Fruit?"
“It just so happened that every tree has its own reputation. If maple, then curly, if oak, then mighty, if an apple tree, then certainly all in apples. But modern gardening turns both nature and our ideas about it upside down. "
Everyday life of the gardener: "Columnar apple trees: continuation of the theme"
Without chemistry: "Give it a light"
“Garden pests are very hardy creatures. But even they will not be able to stand it if they are given a light on time. That is, treat with evil tobacco and vigorous tobacco ... "
Everyday life of a florist: “Choosing flower seedlings”
“Eyes diverge from the bright carpets of marigolds, petunias, alyssum, ageratum and many, many other plants, which are exhibited as seedlings at flower markets, fairs, shopping centers and along the roadsides. And even if prices "bite", it is impossible to resist ... ”
On the flowerbed: "Rabatka: German order in the Russian garden"
“Breaking flower beds in our garden, we sometimes do not even imagine how deep in time their history goes ...”
Flowers of the month: “Not long, but beautiful: late spring primroses”
“When you start listing late spring primroses, it’s impossible to stop. And not only because there are many of them. They seem to force you to put everything, everything on the shelves, inspiring with their enthusiastic thoroughness ... "
New: "Tithonia - for the lazy and beginners"
“There are plants that, in spite of their South American origin, organically fit into the Russian landscape. For example, sunflowers or dahlias. So titonia, which has recently appeared in our gardens, looks as if it has always grown here ... "
Daily life of a gardener: "Greenhouses: a place in the sun"
“Why do we need greenhouses and greenhouses? Experienced gardeners and gardeners do not have such a question. Seedlings, early harvest, the ability to grow heat-loving crops until late autumn - you can't do without these transparent houses in central Russia ... "
Vegetable garden: "Shouldn't we plant asparagus?"
“If you dreamed about asparagus, it is undoubtedly good luck. However, there is another explanation: the body subtly hints that it lacks vitamins and urgently needs to do something about it ... "
Green collection: "Kallisia the mustachioed healer"
“Now one of the most popular plants in home floriculture is the golden mustache. Praises to him sound from all sides: he grows without problems and heals all ailments. But before you start this miracle, first it is better to find out what it is - a golden mustache ... "
Ecology at home: "Spring, balconies are blooming ..."
"Spring! A child on the way to kindergarten is looking for the deepest puddles. The husband cleans up winter tires in the garage. We vacuum the chair on the balcony, wash the glass until it shines and think deeply: what would be so stunning to decorate the balcony this summer? ”
Home advice: "I'm going to a transfer"
“Spring is a time of change not only for garden plants, but also for indoor plants. Sergey Novikov, host of the program “Life in Flowers”, talks about how to help houseplants meet the summer with renewed ones ... ”
Nice Little Things: "Roadside Picnic: Preparing a BBQ"
Technique: "If the grass is waist-high ... Choosing trimmers and brushcutters"
Marjolen Bastin's work is imbued with love for nature: flowers, birds, insects - for that beauty that we see every day, but often simply do not notice. The artist perceives all this as a priceless gift and an inexhaustible source of inspiration.
"Parents can hardly know or guess what is happening or what might happen when they are with their children in the garden or park," says Dutch artist Marjolein Bastin. Early memories of Marjolein when she was a toddler. She loved to lie in the grass in the garden of her family's home near Utrecht in the Netherlands. She absorbed the breath, sounds and smells of the nature around her. Little did her mother know that when she took Marjolein out of her stroller and put it in the hands of nature, then nature would now be in the hands of Marjolein? When Marjolein was a little girl, she admired such simple elements of nature as pine cones, seeds and flowers. And she was imprinted in her mind for a long time. As soon as she was able to hold a pencil and a brush, she began to embody the breathtaking beauty of nature in sketches and paintings with love. “It was my way of expressing the impression that my beloved nature made on me,” she says.
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OF THE IRKUTSK REGION
OGAOU DPO "INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT OF THE IRKUTSK REGION"
Department of Quality Assessment and Management
FINAL CERTIFICATION WORK
Educational project "Improvement and gardening of the school territory"
Completed: Smirnova Alexandra Albertovna
graduate of professional courses
retraining in the direction
"Fundamentals of pedagogical activity"
Scientific adviser: Peshnya Inna Sergeevna,
candidate of pedagogical sciences
Chapter 1. Environmental education of schoolchildren…. ………. five
1.1. The essence and diversity of environmental education.
1.2. The principles of organizing environmental education.
1.3. Forms, methods and means of organizing environmental education.
Chapter 2. Implementation of the pedagogical project in MBOU
Khanzhinovskaya secondary school. 15
Relevance of the research topic : The priority area of the school is the environmental education of schoolchildren. With the growth and development of the new building school, the educational system of the school grew and developed, the main goal of which was the formation of the ecological culture of schoolchildren. The priority of environmental education is today recognized by the entire world community. Implementing our motto “Think globally, act locally!”, We made the area around the school a part of our educational system. A holistic perception of nature, namely this perception, develops the school territory, opens the way to a new worldview, awareness of the role and place of one's “I”.
Improvement and landscaping of the school territory means not only the provision of favorable and safe conditions for sports activities, recreation, games and entertainment for students, which is important in itself, but also the creation of an aesthetically attractive appearance of the school yard. The beautifully decorated, richly surrounded by greenery and well-groomed schoolyard brings up in children, as the teachers emphasize, a sense of beauty, love for nature and their native land. In addition, the prestige of the educational institution itself depends largely on what the school playground is like.
An object: environmental education of schoolchildren
Thing: implementation of the pedagogical project "Improvement and greening of the school territory"
Hypothesis: environmental education of schoolchildren will be more effective in implementing the pedagogical project "Improvement and gardening of the school territory"
Purpose of the study : creation and implementation project as a means of increasing efficiency and effectiveness fostering environmental culture and environmental awareness of schoolchildren
Research objectives :
- study of reference materials and literature
- to develop pedagogical project "Improvement and gardening of the school territory"
- continue to work on the formation of ecological thinking in schoolchildren, respect for nature and the world around them .
Research methods. Literature analysis
The practical significance of the work:
-Establish positive motivation in the formation of a viable personality.
-Increasing the level of development of environmental values among schoolchildren, manifested in the oriented activities of environmental protection.
-Expansion of the species diversity of plants on the school site in order to use it in the educational environment.
-Greening (flower decoration) of the territory adjacent to the school.
-Conducting research work.
Chapter 1. Environmental education of schoolchildren
1.1 The essence and diversity of environmental education
Environmental education is the formation in children of environmental consciousness as a set of knowledge, thinking, feelings, will and readiness for active environmental protection, helping to understand the surrounding reality as a habitat and as aesthetic perfection and orienting towards a careful attitude towards it, allowing to anticipate and prevent negative the consequences of industrial development of natural resources.
Nowadays, the issues of environmental education have acquired a new urgency and solving them is the task of the modern school.
Determining the essence of environmental education, it is necessary to highlight the features of this process, such as:
a) the formation of ecological ideas
b) development of ecological consciousness and feelings
c) the formation of beliefs in the need for environmental activities
d) development of skills and habits of behavior in nature
e) overcoming a consumer attitude towards nature in the character of students
In order to provide the most favorable conditions for the formation of students' attitudes to reality, the school organizes labor, cognitive, experimental, artistic, play, tourism, local history and sports and recreational activities of children in nature. Many factors leave an imprint on the formation of students 'consciousness in conditions of interaction with the environment: first of all, it is life experience and the sphere of communication, family and peers' interests, personal and group motives of behavior, public opinion, purposeful actions of the teacher.
The planning and organization of socially useful actions of students, which help to master collective forms of activity in nature, to develop thought-out positions in relations with the environment, to translate caring for it into concrete deeds, largely depend on the teacher. The transfer of students from observations on walks of the beauty of nature during agricultural experiments, and then to observations in the course of productive labor is a detailed pedagogical method of purposeful enrichment of individual aesthetic relations. As you know, any activity is characterized by a special content and specific forms. It is a system of interrelated affairs, a set of various actions and techniques that have a certain structure, due to external (natural objects), as well as the personal interests of schoolchildren, training in combination with education.
It is appropriate here to recall the agricultural work on the care of cultivated plants by students in grades 5-7 on school grounds. where for the first time they get the concept of “agrobiocenosis - this is a cultural plant community: a field with field crops, a vegetable garden with vegetables, a garden with fruit trees and shrubs.
Environmental protection plays a huge role in the ecological education of students, which is determined by the knowledge about nature and society obtained in the study of geography, biology, chemistry and physics. Here, the children join in the active care of the natural environment, the conservation of vegetation and animals, and the augmentation of natural resources.
The moral aspect of environmental protection is formed in actions aimed at protecting the environment and is associated with the awareness of the national belonging, the usefulness and value of nature. Organized actions to protect nature should lead students to understand the aesthetic value of natural phenomena. Comprehending the beauty of the environment just as naturally should give rise to the desire to protect nature, readiness for appropriate practical action.
Aesthetic education plays a huge role in the formation of ecological consciousness. To learn to appreciate the beauty of plant forms, the gracefulness of animals, the contrasts of color and light, the symmetry of phenomena, the harmony of sounds, the properties of space and time, one must participate in their cognition, both sensory and abstract - logical. This means that the teacher should involve children in observing the properties of landscapes, organize exercises that develop auditory and visual perception, the ability to analyze and generalize their own impressions and assessments.
Pedagogical situations that stimulate the aesthetic perception of nature must be created regularly. All schoolchildren of each class, of all age groups should participate in their decision.
At different ages, students assess the importance of the same deeds for their connection with nature in different ways. Depending on such assessments, their hobbies change, there is a transition from one case to another, there is an interest in phenomena that did not attract special attention before.
In middle age, students prefer to do things like planting trees and shrubs, take part in excursions, hiking trips. The development of the local relief, the study of animals, plants, and fishing are prestigious. Participation in nature conservation, tree care, cleaning of territories, sketches of natural phenomena, collection of medicinal plants are less valued.
At an older age, as emotionally significant actions, admiring nature, saving trees, working in the garden and vegetable garden, rest and spiritual forms of activity (thinking about life, reading poetry, singing) picking mushrooms and berries, caring for animals come to the fore. In many ways, this gradation is associated with the characteristics of the psychophysical development of adolescents and youth. Here the teacher is called upon to rebuild and raise the level of socially significant value attitudes. You need to know why and how students value practical affairs, what they do more, and what less willingly.
For teachers of natural and mathematical subjects, the most effective integrated approach to education is the path from teaching the basics of science to organizing the direct interaction of schoolchildren with nature in cognition and work, and then to establishing links between nature and art, social and personal relations of pupils with the environment.
Thus, the influences of various ways that teachers of different specialties use, fostering the attitude of schoolchildren to nature, can become equivalent if certain pedagogical conditions are met:
combining knowledge, labor and environmental protection into a system, complementing aesthetic, labor and environmental protection activities or their interpenetration in the course of fostering relationships with nature
a differentiated approach to the construction of systems of practical affairs related to each academic subject and age group of schoolchildren
strengthening the attention of teachers to the formation of connections and internal dependencies from each other of affairs, areas of activity, traditional and new forms of interaction with the natural environment.
Achieving a high level of development of attitudes towards nature and towards each other helps to meet the interests of schoolchildren. It completes the process of transforming subject and mutual ties into educational relations in a peculiar way and creates the best conditions for solving the problems of comprehensive harmonious development of the individual in the process of interaction with the natural environment.
1.2 Principles of organizing environmental education:
1. The process of forming a responsible attitude to nature is an integral part of the general education system, its actual direction. 2. The process of forming an ecological culture is based on the interconnection of global, regional and local history approaches to the disclosure of modern environmental problems.
3. The formation of a respectful attitude towards nature is based on the unity of the intellectual, emotional perception of the environment and practical activities to improve it.
4. The process of formation of the ecological culture of schoolchildren is based on the principles of systematicity, continuity, and interdisciplinarity in the content and organization of environmental education.
The system of ecological education consists of the following links:
Environmental education in the family.
Environmental education in preschool institutions.
Environmental education at school (in academic and extracurricular work)
Environmental education in out-of-school children's institutions.
Environmental education in summer camps.
Self-education and self-education.
1.3 Forms, methods and means of organizing environmental education:
b) active, innovative.
Allocate: a lesson as a traditional form (introductory lessons, thematic lessons, lecture lessons, conversation lessons, and others).
-special lessons (independent work of students, method of educational discussions, role-playing games).
- extracurricular and extracurricular work (research method, experiment, solving environmental problems).
- electives, lectures, story, watching movies.
The most effective means of environmental education is a variety of activities of children (educational, cognitive, artistic, creative, play). The nature conservation activities of schoolchildren play a special role. Its types are diverse:
- to protect the natural environment (feeding animals, rescuing animals in trouble, fighting garbage, making feeders and bird houses, installing signs in places where protected plants are distributed)
- on the prevention of evil deeds in nature and the fight against them (participation in "green" and "blue" patrols, raids into nature)
- to improve the natural environment (planting plants, landscaping the slopes, clearing the forest from dry forests)
- to promote and explain the ideas of nature conservation (conversations with comrades, parents, adults, making posters, publishing wall newspapers, preparing radio broadcasts)
- on the preservation and use of the aesthetic values of nature (collection of natural material, production of panels, handicrafts from natural material).
The main criterion for the effectiveness of work on the formation of the ecological culture of schoolchildren is the unity of their ecological consciousness and behavior. Therefore, it is very important to strengthen in the minds of every student the understanding that man belongs to nature and his duty and obligation to take care of it.
Chapter 2. Implementation of a pedagogical project at MBOU Khanzhinovskaya secondary school
1. Justification of the need for the project
Justification of the relevance of the project
Teaching a person to think not only about himself, but also about the world around him is not easy, especially this problem is relevant for adolescents. Conservation and protection of nature allows adolescents to feel their importance, adulthood, to feel their ability to do important, useful things, to really see the results of their activities, to bring joy to others, to create beauty. The school is our common home, which we love and want to see it beautiful not only from the inside, but also from the outside.
Improvement and landscaping of the school area plays an important sanitary and hygienic and educational role.
The idea of our project is to create a well-groomed area on the school territory, which includes various departments (vegetable and flower and ornamental crops, experimental and tree and shrub species) an aesthetically correct area with elements of landscape design.
The project will help children express themselves, gain self-confidence, improve the school yard, and take part in the life of the school. Our school is located in the center of the village, the school site should naturally be an example for the residents of Khanzhinovo. Therefore, a project for landscaping and landscaping of the school territory was born.
Environmental education at the present stage of development of human civilization is a priority direction in the development of the entire system of education and upbringing, a systematizing factor of education, therefore, in our opinion, the period has come in the organization of environmental education, when an increase in its effectiveness can be achieved only by an integrated, systematic approach - the greening educational institution, or rather all components of the educational process at school.
One of the most important tasks of the school is the upbringing of a viable personality, a practical person who knows the basics of economics, who has economic skills, who knows and keeps traditions, and who knows how to work on the land.
Relevance and importance of the project
The problem of improving the territory has become relevant from the first days of its existence. During the first two years, trees and shrubs were planted.
We have created a single complex where you could realize all your abilities, needs, interests, an ideal model of the small world of flowers. This was the intention of the authors of this project. For us, the yard is a world where everyone feels comfortable, has ample opportunities for self-realization for the benefit of himself and others, gaining experience of life creative success.
Thus, our schoolyard is a universal tool that simultaneously performs a number of functions: cognitive, developmental, spiritual and moral, the function of social tempering, the civil formation of the personality, the function of designing one's own activities.
Practically every rural school has a "near-school experimental site". Students go out every spring in labor lessons to work on the site: they dig beds, sow seeds, plant seedlings. During the summer: watering, weeding. Autumn: harvest vegetables, flower seeds. And so every year. At the stage of project development, the problem field of the project was formulated (let's outline some problems): The school yard not only does not satisfy aesthetic needs, but also does not contribute to the environmental education of schoolchildren
- Financial problems with the maintenance of the site, from where: lack of inventory, lack of fertilizers, problems with the purchase of seeds
- Lack of conditions for long-term storage of vegetables
- Lack of manpower to handle it
- 60% of surveyed students have a negative attitude to work on the site in the summer
- Reducing the cost of food in the dining room due to vegetables from the site
- 69% of students have a positive attitude to work on the site in labor lessons
- 20% of students are trained in gardening directly at the school site.
If a school site is necessary, what should it look like in the future? Taking into account the experience of the past and the opinion of everyone who works on it, not forgetting about the existing problems, but, for the most part relying on the positive aspects, a project of an updated school site is proposed. To implement the project, we drew the attention of the villagers and the administration of the s / council to this problem, purchased material for planting and organized work on planting seedlings of trees and shrubs, sowing flower seeds, as well as proper care for them.
Hypothesis: if a landscaping project is developed and implemented
school site, this will improve the recreation conditions for schoolchildren, and teach them to take care of nature.
- solving the problems of state policy in the field of environmental education of youth
-increasing the level of interest in the protection and preservation of the natural environment
-development of organizational and creative abilities of students
- landscaping and landscaping of the school territory
-increasing the ecological culture of students
-creation of favorable conditions for the preservation and strengthening of the health of all participants in the educational process
-propagation of the ecological culture of students
-expansion of the species diversity of plants in the school area to improve the educational environment
-use of the school site in the lessons of biology, geography, labor training.
The value of problem solving for an educational institution.
Establishing positive motivation in the formation of a viable personality.
Increasing the level of development of environmental values among schoolchildren, manifested in the oriented activities of environmental protection.
Expanding the species diversity of plants in the school area in order to use it in the educational environment.
Landscaping (flower decoration) of the area adjacent to the school.
2. Goals and objectives of the project
Objectives: To improve the aesthetic appearance of the school grounds
-to educate the ecological culture and ecological consciousness of schoolchildren
-to promote the moral, aesthetic and labor education of schoolchildren
- to develop the initiative and creativity of schoolchildren through the organization of socially significant activities for the improvement of the school territory
- transform and improve the school grounds
- carry out information and educational work to promote the ecological culture of students
-divide the territory of the school site into sections for fruit trees and shrubs, flower beds and experimental activities.
-Identify the problems and positive aspects of the maintenance of the school site.
Executing project activities
The director of the school carries out general management of the work at the training and experimental site. Together with the deputy for educational work, he determines the duties of teachers and auxiliary personnel to provide classes for students at the training and experimental site, monitors the development of its material base.
Head of the training and experimental section
The manager is responsible for the condition of the site and the maintenance of work on it, for its provision with seed and planting material, equipment and implements, instructs workers involved in work on the site, ensures compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards, labor protection rules, as well as fire safety rules. The material assets necessary for organizing work at the training and experimental site are kept in custody by the head of the training and experimental site.
Deputy Director for Economic Affairs
takes measures for the timely provision of the training and experimental site with inventory, seed and planting material, water for watering plants. He organizes the storage and sale of products obtained at the training and experimental site.
students of the Khanzhinovskaya secondary school
Students are allowed to work on the site after familiarizing themselves with the safety rules. For work on the site, groups of no more than 7-10 people are formed from students of different classes. Pupils of 5-10 grades in the amount of 67 people took part in the work and care of the school site. Pupils of grades 5-8 were engaged in experimental work.
They teach students the correct and safe methods of work, ensure that schoolchildren comply with safety regulations and sanitary and hygienic standards, and also supervise the good condition and safe operation of equipment and inventory.
The work under the project will be carried out by the following target groups:
5-10 grades, teaching staff
- growing seedlings of flowers and vegetables
flower bed design, plant care
planting trees and shrubs on the site
work at the training and experimental site
Students' parents, volunteers
Installation of equipment for all zones
Providing assistance in purchasing materials and equipment, informing the public
4. Description of the project: strategy and mechanisms for achieving the goals
4.1. The main activities of students at the site are growing plants, observing their growth and development, conducting experiments in accordance with the programs of labor training, natural science, biology, ecology, elective courses and circles.
4.2. The work of students at the educational and experimental site of the school is carried out at the expense of the time allotted for labor training lessons, as well as for practical work in natural science, biology, and ecology. The activities of schoolchildren in the summer are organized according to the schedule drawn up in the school within the framework of the regional component of the educational area "Technology".
4.3. The work schedule of students at the training and experimental site is established taking into account the safety rules when studying biology in general education schools. Students are allowed to work on the site after familiarizing themselves with the safety rules.
4.4. The work of students at the site is organized in accordance with the plan, which is an integral part of the school's educational work plan. Educational and experimental site, decorated with landscape compositions and divided into departments (Presentation):
Floral and decorative department
For the organization of practical work in botany in secondary school, flower-ornamental plants are a convenient material, experiments with which can be carried out throughout the year.
On flower and ornamental crops, it is possible to show the influence of various factors on the growth and development of plants (pinching of lateral shoots, pinching and trimming the tops, etc.)
Floral and ornamental plants can serve as a convenient material in the study of topics in the school course of botany and general biology. And also plants can be in bloom at any time of the year and, in accordance with the school curriculum, can be used as demonstration material in lessons and extracurricular activities.
Grade VI students on these plants get acquainted with the types of root systems, the formation of adventitious roots from various plant tissues, with the shape and color of leaves, with various modifications of the stem (tubers, bulbs, rhizomes). With a variety of forms of inflorescences, with the structure, shape and color of the perianth, with the structure and germination of pollen, with various types of fruits and adaptation to their distribution, with the shape and structure of seeds, with methods of reproduction (seed, bulbs, tubers, cuttings, dividing the bush) and others. Grade VI students on ornamental plants get acquainted with the peculiarities and numerous representatives of almost all families studied in the school course of botany. The main types of flower and ornamental crops on the school grounds: annuals
Aster (Asteraceae family)
Calendula (Compositae family)
Marigolds (tagetes) (Asteraceae family)
Kosmeya (Asteraceae family)
Zinnia (Asteraceae family)
Petunia (family of nightshades)
Snapdragon (Norichnikov family)
Viola (violet family)
By nature, it is a perennial, but since it gives the most abundant flowering in the second year of life, they are cultivated as a biennial
Rhizome - peonies (buttercup family), irises (iris family).
Tuberous - dahlias (Asteraceae family).
Curly - hops (mulberry family)
On the site, they are used as annuals of culture - dahlias (Asteraceae family), by their nature these flowers are perennial, but freeze out in the open field, and therefore they are used during one season.
For the flower decoration of the school, a greenhouse was laid for growing flower seedlings. On the territory of the school there are 6 flower beds of various shapes (round, rectangular, in the form of a star, two hearts), two alpine slides, and along the paths there are flower stripes-ridges.
Flowerpots are located on lawns throughout the school grounds.
The collection of flower seeds is carried out annually.
Gardening at school carries a great aesthetic and emotional charge. In flower arrangements, the peculiarities of the development of the decorative appearance and color of crops are taken into account. The assortment of flower and ornamental crops has been significantly increased. Students prepare a wide range of flower and ornamental crops for landscaping, as well as for the sale of seedlings to those who wish.
From early May until late autumn, asters, petunias, saffron, salvias, cosmias, dahlias bloom. Through the efforts of teachers and students, all the classrooms, as well as the area around the school, have been landscaped.
However, in real life, systematic contacts with natural nature are far from always possible. The reasons can be very diverse - the remoteness of the facility from the school, lack of transport, weather inconveniences, etc.
At the same time, there are magnificent natural objects that are interesting to study from all points of view - these are indoor plants. Excellent living material that can be successfully used for education and for raising children. And what is especially important - all year round! To acquaint students with the main groups of indoor plants, with some methods of determining them, with the basic principles of plant placement, with the methods of periodic care for them, with the history of floriculture with various flower utensils, with the basic physiological processes occurring in the body of indoor plants.
To give students an idea of the meaning of indoor plants (at school).
Carry out work on the systematization of the school collection of plants.
The main types of flower plants used for interior decoration of the school:
Rosean is a Chinese mallow family.
Tradescantia zebra-like family commeline
Upstart Zephyranthes white amaryllidaceae family
Calathea family of arrowroots
Sansevier three-beam lily family
Hoya fleshy gusset family
Diphenbachia hybrid aroid family
Syngonium leg-leaved family Aroid
Chlorophytum crested lily family
Cyperus is another-leaved sem. sedge
Begonia royal family begonias
Zygocactus family cactus
Asparagus or asparagus sem. lily
Calla this family. aroid
Southern grape family Grape
As a result of work on this section:
Certification of plants has been carried out.
For the decoration of corridors, floor flower beds and hanging pots are used.
On the second floor there is an alpine slide.
Ornamental plants are also of interest to students in grades X-XI in connection with the study of a course in general biology. On these plants, they get acquainted with artificial selection, various forms of mutational variability, with the phenomenon of multiple allelism, which manifests itself in a whole range of various colors of the corolla, with polyploidy (carnations), with plants from various centers of plant origin (according to P.I. Vavilov). Experiments are carried out to study individual patterns of inheritance.
On flower and ornamental crops, students of the X-XI grades study the influence of various environmental factors on the growth and development of plants: freezing, warm baths, watering, fertilizing, pinching the tops, etc., related to the topic "Modification variability, organism and environment" and much more.
Wood and shrub department
Various types of tree and shrub species are used for landscaping the school site. Conifers are located along the perimeter of the school site, which makes the school visible from afar. Directly on the site are apple, bird cherry, lilac, dog rose, maple, poplar. An alley along the paths is formed by acacia.
Types of trees and shrubs growing on the school grounds:
Lilac (oily family)
Bird cherry (family Rosaceae)
Apple tree (Rosaceae family)
Rosehip (Rosaceae family)
For the decoration of the school site, shrubs were selected that had a high decorative effect and different flowering periods in order to have them in a blooming state for a longer time, so that they could be used for educational purposes. Lilac and bird cherry meet these requirements. Ornamental flowers are indispensable material for instilling in students practical skills in plant care, management of their growth and development (pruning, fertilization, fertilizing, watering, warm baths, freezing) for seed and vegetative propagation of plants.
As a result of work on this section:
the species composition of trees and shrubs has increased
The guys acquired skills in caring for tree and shrub species (pruning, whitewashing, etc.)
Getting acquainted with the trees and shrubs on the site, we learned to distinguish between these species in the forest.
Due to the trees and shrubs, the school stands out and is visible from all sides of the village.
The children learned to take good care of trees and shrubs not only on the school site, but also in the forest.
The vegetable department introduces students to cultivated plants, as well as
with the formation of practical skills in caring for vegetable crops and
develops an interest in plant research and research.
The products produced on the site are used to organize meals for students in the school canteen.
Vegetables are located on 1 hectare of the school plot:
Cabbage 1000 roots,
Zucchini, squash-3 beds
A greenhouse has been laid, which in the beginning was used to grow cabbage seedlings and flowers.
After planting the seedlings, cucumbers are sown in the ground and peppers and tomatoes are planted.
In the summer of 2014, the following varieties were used: cabbage - a gift, glory, Belarusian, red cabbage.
Tomatoes - oak, shuttle, white filling
Carrots - vitamin, queen of autumn, improved Nantes
Peppers - Fat Baron, Oriole
Ogurtsov - libella, droplet
Potatoes - Tulunsky, adretta
Experienced activities are aimed at education, upbringing, development of schoolchildren, stimulating cognitive activity, individual creative inclinations. Tasks selected for experimental activities should develop in children the ability to:
- independently explain facts and phenomena
-classify, compare, analyze and summarize previously studied phenomena
-conduct experiments and observations
- to establish causal relationships.
Floral and ornamental plants and vegetables in the school area are a very convenient object for organizing experimental and practical work with students in botany (grades VI) and general biology (grades X-XI).
Under the guidance of a biology teacher, the following are carried out
Influence of soil fertility on the productivity of vegetable crops (Appendix).
Vegetative propagation of indoor plants by leaf and stem cuttings, lukavitsa.
Influence of planting material and planting depth on potato yield.
Design and implementation of sketches of flower beds.
Drawing up a plan of the school site, designing measures for the improvement of the school territory.
The setting of simple experiments contributes to mastering the methodology of experimental work, understanding the scientific foundations of agricultural production. In the course of work, the teacher of agricultural labor instills in schoolchildren hard work, observation, independence, organization, a responsible attitude to nature, and an interest in agricultural professions.
In our school, great importance is attached to the aesthetic education of children.
Competitions are held on the basis of the school, where children show creativity and win prizes.
Every year the school organizes the Autumn Gifts exhibition.
The school territory changes its appearance every year. Under the leadership of N.V. Sitnikova an ecological detachment is working. Every year the school participates in regional competitions: "The best school site" and "The best school yard", takes prizes.
4.5. Organization of the project
During the implementation of the project, the following works will be performed:
-organized joint activities of students, parents, teachers to implement the main activities of the project (at the preparatory stage, the landscape organization of the school territory was carried out, plants for landscaping were selected, information was collected)
-the dead trees and shrubs were uprooted
- cleaning of the school territory from household waste was carried out (school-wide subbotniks were organized)
- a sketch of the landscape design of the school site was made
-beds with flowers are laid out on the territory of the school site
-grown seedlings for planting perennial flowers
- technological maps of plant care were compiled
-conducted environmental lessons (for the regional component)
-seeds were purchased for planting plants in flower beds.
4.6. Material and technical equipment of the school site
Outbuildings: a free-standing utility room for storing agricultural implements
1. Purchase of planting material:
2.Seeds and annual flower crops:
Perennial flower seeds:
1.3 Seedlings of trees and ornamental shrubs
5. Purchase of material for an alpine slide, flower beds:
The highlight of the festival is the competition of gardening art and landscape design, for which more than thirty projects were submitted.
One of the works of last year's competition. Nomination "Vivat, balcony!" Photo from flowershowmoscow.ru
The jury is headed by the Vice-President of the Fund for Parks and Gardens of France, Princess Marie-Sol de La Tour d'Auvergne and a judge of the Royal Society of Gardeners of Great Britain, BBC TV presenter James Alexander-Sinclair.
One of the competition projects of the 2016 festival, which received a gold medal in the "Art in the Garden" nomination. Photo from flowershowmoscow.ru
Not only professional landscape architects and designers, but also students of specialized institutes and colleges take part in this competition for the first time.