Vertical gardening

  • Good day! Advise on how to make a vertical flower garden to decorate the wall of the house. We have equipped a small recreation area near the house, and in order to brighten up the unsightly adjacent wall, we want to place a compact ...

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Vertical gardening of the house and garden

Hanging Gardens of Babylon (in the west - the Hanging Gardens of Babylon) - one of the most incredible places in the ancient world. The gardens are still considered one of the seven wonders of the world, although they were destroyed in the first century BC.

In this structure of ancient Babylon, the technique of vertical gardening was first used. The garden, which was built for his beloved by King Nebuchadnezzar II in 605 BC, grew a variety of exotic plants.

The structure resembled a pyramid in shape, consisting of four tiers, and looked like an evergreen blooming hill. At that time, vertical gardening was considered incredible.

Today, this technique has become very popular in landscape design, not only in suburban areas, but also at home.

In specialized stores, individual pieces of vertical "living" structures can be purchased, and various landscaping books will tell you how to best apply them. However, hanging gardens can be created with your own hands.

Vertical gardening - let's hit the volume of greenery on our 6 hundred square meters!

1. Landscaping of the space with climbing plants.

This, in principle, is the "vertical gardening" that is usually talked about in landscape design. This type is very popular, available to most gardeners, relevant for plots designed in a wide variety of styles.

A botanist scientist developed the technology of facade landscaping in pursuit of the unity of urbanized landscapes and wildlife.

in the classical sense, vertical gardening will be an excellent solution to this problem.

Plants suitable for such landscaping require little space on the ground itself, because they mainly develop at the top. An incredible amount of green space is created, and this easily hides the lack of space.

    • Improve the appearance of the structure, for example, decorate an outbuilding, or hide a minor construction defect.

  • Increase the green area several times (the green area in square meters can easily exceed the area of ​​the site itself).

  • Protect your home from overheating, exposure to sunlight, dust, noise and other external influences.
  • Improve the microclimate and enrich the space with oxygen.
  • Mark the boundaries of the site (hedge) and divide it into functional areas.
  • Equip a shady, cozy place to relax, etc.

It turns out that vertical gardening is an affordable and effective way to improve the garden area.

In order for everything to work out the best, and not as always, you should adhere to three basic rules:

1. Be clear about the end goal.

First of all, this is a clear idea, but better a schematic sketch of a design idea. This is important so that the site looks harmonious and after a while does not turn into an Amazonian jungle, dense, beautiful, but completely unmanageable vegetation. You need to understand what plants, why, where and how much you plant.

For some time now I have been not indifferent to this topic precisely in the aspect of phytowalls - since I got to know the very idea and technology of modular vertical gardening. A chic idea for those cases when the area is small, but you want to place a lot on it. This, of course, is more complicated and much more expensive than decorating with climbing plants. But beautiful!
In the photo there is a "green wall" with indoor plants, but the same does not interfere with doing the same with garden plants. I really want to experiment with vertical gardening in my garden - moreover, in all its types and forms.

Vertical garden landscaping

Vertical gardening is one of the ways to design a modern garden. This is a new approach and a new vision of the modern artist-designer in creating a green space around us.
Landscaping cannot be a simple copy of the plant world, placed in a limited framework. It also, like the world itself, develops, transforms, acquires innovative features. And vertical gardening is one of the ways of such vivid self-expression. I must say that in the West this method of greening the surrounding space has been used for a long time. In Russia, the fashion for vertical gardens appeared relatively recently. And there is a fairly logical explanation for this. Russian open spaces allowed to apply their imagination, so to speak, "in breadth". While in close Europe every centimeter was appreciated, and local gardeners tried to use every plot of usable area. Today, the approach to garden decoration has changed, and borrowing from European fashion was very useful. The garden, decorated only at ground level, today looks somehow limited. Vertical garden One of the goals of vertical gardening in the country is the zoning of space. For example - to fence off outbuildings from the recreation area, or to hide with a green screen from annoying neighbors.

And how do you like this option - to highlight the gazebo and turn it into a hedge of an unusual shape? Having shown imagination and using modern developments of gardeners and designers, you can create phytowalls of extraordinary beauty to the delight of yourself and your neighbors.

Today, there are ready-made structures for vertical gardening on sale. These are a variety of nets, lattices, screens and pergolas. The use of even one of these elements will help to create eye-catching objects in the garden. Structures for vertical gardening Depending on the design solution, various arches, pergolas, suspended structures and vertical flower beds are used in the garden. The choice of plant support is important not only in terms of matching the garden design. The support must be secure and strong for the heavy vine, and you must also consider how to attach the plant to the support. In this regard, it should be mentioned that there are a wide variety of types of vines used in vertical gardening.

There are supporting vines (for example, climbing rose). This type of vines must be tied up, since they themselves will not be able to climb the support. There are climbing vines that wrap around the support and gradually rise up. This group includes climbing honeysuckle, actinidia, lemongrass, hops, etc. There are corn-growing vines that are attached to the support using their roots (for example, petiolate hydrangea). Antennaeous lianas are attached to the support with the help of their own tendrils (maiden grapes). There is a type of lianas of leaf climbers. This group includes numerous clematis, which reliably wrap around the support with their petioles. It is worth saying that if you decide to make supports for vertical gardening yourself, then you need to remember that the material for the manufacture of structures must be either the same, or the difference should not be visible from one viewpoint. Otherwise, even the most beautiful flowering plant will "lose points" on an illiterately selected support. Arches for vertical gardening An arch is an excellent solution for moving from one part of the garden to another. This is a favorite technique of landscape designers when landscaping a garden vertically. If space is available, you can create a real green or flowering corridor of repetitive arches. In order for the passage along the arched corridor to end more harmoniously, landscape designers recommend placing some interesting object at the exit from the arched vault. It can be a fountain, a statue, or just an original plant. Naturally, the object must match the style of the garden.

Errors made by novice gardeners: it is ugly and illogical to place an arch in the middle of the lawn or to the side of the path. The arch must lead somewhere. It should indicate the path of passage from one part of the garden to another. At the end of the arched corridor, either a beautiful landscape object or the purpose of the passage should be visible.

Structurally, an arch is either a vault or a straight (or other) overlap resting on supports. Most often, arches for vertical gardening are made of metal or wood. Comfortable dimensions for an arched passage - at least 2.2 m in height and 1.2 - 1.5 m in width. The recommended thickness of the side wall is at least 50 cm. It is this thickness that constitutes the strength of the arch. It is to this side wall that the vines will be attached.

Some landscape designers use a different method of vertical gardening - when not climbing vines, but shrubs or trees adjoin the arch. Such green passages (for example, from juniper or mock-orange) are a stunning sight. Naturally, such arches are carefully shaped by cutting the branches from the inside.

To help the plants climb the arch, you can cover it with a thin lattice or netting. The entrance to the garden area forms the very first impression of the garden and its owners. It is not for nothing that designers are especially scrupulous about its design.

Pergolas for vertical landscaping Pergolas were originally erected to support the vine. This idea came to us from the Mediterranean and gradually won the hearts of gardeners and designers. The design of the pergola is simple, but very aesthetic. It is a structure of several rows of columns that support a lattice structure. The pergola can withstand the load of climbing plants well, and can also perform some other design tasks. It can serve as a green corridor leading to different parts of the garden, or it can take on the role of a solo design object, for example, a gazebo.

Pergola over the garden path. Using vertical landscaping, you can achieve an imitation of a tunnel.

Pergola-screen is an excellent solution for vertical gardening of a recreation area. Protects the area from prying eyes.

A canopy pergola is used to protect the object from the scorching sun. It can be performed as an independent object, or an object adjacent to the house.

A pergola in the form of a visor will perfectly protect from the heat in the southern latitudes.

The choice of material for the pergola must take into account the general style of the garden. For example, if the paths are paved with stone or brick, then it is better to make a pergola in such a garden from the same material. Metal pergolas are more suitable for a modern style garden. Wood is considered a versatile material, so wooden pergolas will decorate any garden.

Trellis for plants The use of trellises is another technique in vertical gardening of the garden. The trellis is a lattice structure made of a dense frame and thinner internal slats. Tapestries can be made of any material - metal, wood or plastic. Such structures can be used as an independent object or attached to the walls of buildings, pergolas, etc.

Tapestries add vertical accents to the site and give the garden a special charm. This technique is often used by landscape designers in vertical gardening. Trellises create shadow areas and make the garden unique. The simplest trellis, consisting of a lattice and a container for planting plants, perfectly decorates the entrance to the house.

Trellis are a great tool for creating a special fruit garden. By shaping a young tree in a special way, you can give the plant completely different bizarre shapes. A fruit garden can be formed in the form of an arched corridor, or you can stretch the branches of a tree along one line. This makes it much easier to care for and harvest in the future.

Hedges for plants Hedges, depending on the plants that form them, are up to 2 m and more. Fences, no higher than 50 cm, are called green borders.

The fashion for decorating fences has arisen for a long time. People have tried to decorate them in every possible way, and a hedge is one such technique. A hedge helps not only to zone the space and fence off neighbors, but also to reduce the amount of dust on the site and reduce noise levels.

In order for the hedge to look luxurious, it needs to be trimmed regularly. The task of such a haircut is to achieve the required density of the skeleton, as well as giving the desired shape. Special cutting of trees and shrubs allows you to achieve the most incredible effects. This is the real skill and talent of the artist, which allows us to receive aesthetic pleasure from admiring such a garden.

Flowering and fruiting plants are perfect for hedges. Such "fences" enliven the garden space, smooth out defects and emphasize the special elegance of the garden.

Obelisks, or plant supports Plant supports (in English - obelisk) are another interesting idea for vertical gardening. The pyramid support or obelisk support is an ancient invention. In Egypt, Europe, America, and now in Russia, this structure was used as monuments to family members. Later, such supports partially lost their meaning and began to be used for the needs of the garden. Variations appeared with different geometric shapes.

Supports are great for growing climbing plants, flowers, tomatoes, peas. In the case when you need to quickly demarcate the space, several obelisks, placed in a row, are an excellent solution. No need to wait for the bushes to grow. Supports entwined with annuals or other vines will effectively and effectively help divide the areas of the site.

Vertical flower beds - fashionable, convenient and beautiful In a limited space, a vertical flower bed looks good, consisting of several tiers of containers with plants. The gardeners' fantasy is not limited here. A vertical flower bed can be in the form of a wall, screen, sculpture, pyramid, circle, etc. Such vertical gardening has both aesthetic and practical value. In this way, you can grow flowers, herbs, herbs, etc.

The idea of ​​berry vertical gardening, for example, strawberries, is becoming more and more popular. Vertical cultivation of strawberries has a number of advantages - no need to bend over, the berry does not rot, and the planting area is significantly increased. It is also very beautiful.

You can make such structures for vertical flower beds yourself or buy ready-made ones. Vertical gardening of walls There are examples of such vertical gardening of walls and facades of houses, from which it is impossible to take your eyes off. Sometimes no special structures are used for these purposes, but simply planting climbing plants (ivy, maiden grapes, some types of hydrangeas, etc.).

Sometimes, especially in urban construction, a more sophisticated technology is used, thanks to which simply incredible design objects are created.

Vertical gardening is a creative and sophisticated way to transform your site, add opulence and exoticism, dress unsightly designs in floral and green clothes. In addition, in some cases, vertical gardening is one of the practical areas of landscape design. Vertical gardening - photo

Most commonly used plants

A decorative pumpkin, which is demanding on the soil, and also thermophilic, is perfect as landscaping for gazebos, fences and other fences. The use of vines can surprise you with its variety of tones and shapes. In addition, they grow rapidly and are unpretentious.This plant is independently fixed on the support with the help of its antennae and roots. Vines include ivy, hops, clematis and other plants.

Climbing roses are considered quite popular as vertical gardening. The most commonly used varieties are Excelsa, Ruby and New Down. Also, a plant called Telman's Honeysuckle, which is evergreen and reaches five meters in height, will look very original.

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