Plum Renclode Altana - aromatic sweetness of summer

Renclode Altana is an early summer variety of plum, which is often found in personal plots. The variety is highly productive and unpretentious. The tree adapts well to different climates and bears fruit for a long time, annually delighting gardeners with an abundant harvest of fragrant fruits.

Description and distinctive features of the variety

The variety was bred in the 19th century by Czech breeders, obtained from the seeds of the Green Renclode variety. It was entered into the State Register in 1947. It is promising in the North Caucasian and Lower Volga regions.

Strong growth tree. The height of an adult plum reaches 6 m. The crown is rounded-oval, of medium density. Fruiting on overgrowing branches up to 5-6 years of age. The bark of the trunk is dark gray with medium-sized cracks, slightly rough. The bark of the shoots is brown with a purple tint.

Leaves are dark green in color, medium in size, biconcornate with small notches. The leaf blade is moderately concave, glossy, with slight pubescence on the underside. The villi are located over the entire area of ​​the leaf blade. The petiole is long, lanceolate, green in color. The flowers are small, about 2.5 cm in diameter. The petals are round, white, large, closed. The apex is rounded, the edge of the petal is wavy, slightly corrugated. Ovary without pubescence. Calyx in the form of a wide bell, oval sepals with slight pubescence, without serration. Flowering begins in mid-April.

Vigorous tree with straight, thick shoots

The fruits are large in size, the average weight of one plum is 35-40 g. The main color is light green, the cover color is pink with a red tint. The surface of the fruit is covered with a thick gray waxy coating. The skin is thin but firm. The pulp is juicy, yellow in color. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness. The aroma is intense. The stone is medium in size, easily separated from the pulp. The length of the stalk is about 2 cm.

The fruits of the Renclode Altana plum are large, with a thick waxy coating

Advantages and disadvantages (table)

High taste and attractiveness of the fruit.Tendency to crush fruit with improper care.
Plums do not crumble after ripening.Tendency to overgrow.
High frost resistance.Instability to moniliosis.
Good fruit transportability.Vigorous growth of the tree.
Immunity to polystygmosis, sharke and clasterosporium.Self-infertility.

Landing features

Planting plums practically does not differ from planting other fruit crops, however, you should pay attention to two main points:

  1. The seedling should not be deeply buried. This can provoke bark heating and oppression of the tree, which over time will negatively affect growth and fruiting.
  2. For two years after planting, the tree must be fixed with stakes. Since the Renklod Altana plum belongs to the vigorous varieties, a fragile tree can break with strong gusts of wind.

Dates and place of landing

For planting plums, both autumn and spring are suitable. In autumn, seedlings are planted in the second decade of September, before the onset of the first frost. Spring planting is carried out in April, before bud break.

Plots with different soil are suitable for growing plums. The main requirement is the fertility and looseness of the soil. The acidity of the soil should be neutral or slightly acidic.

Plum prefers well-lit, sunny places. In the shade or partial shade, the quality of the fruit and the yield decrease.

Plum is a moisture-loving culture; it does not tolerate drought well. However, excess moisture also negatively affects the tree, causing various diseases that lead to wilting and death of the plant. Therefore, the groundwater level at the site should not be less than 1.5 m.

The plum of the Renclode Altana variety blooms quite early. To prevent spring frosts from damaging the flowers, it is not recommended to plant the tree in lowlands. For plums, small slopes or flat areas are more suitable.

The choice of planting material

Seedlings should be purchased exclusively in specialized retail outlets and nurseries.

Quality indicators of planting material:

  • Appearance. The height of one-year-old seedlings is 1.2 m, of two-year-old plants - 1.5 m. The bark of the trunk and branches should be uniform in color, smooth, without wrinkles, bulges, and ulcers.
  • Root system. The root is well developed. The main roots are at least 12 cm long. A large number of fibrous roots is required. You should not buy seedlings with an open root system with a large clod of earth, since in this way unscrupulous sellers can mask dried and damaged roots.

It is best to store the seedling in a dark place until planting. Sprinkle the roots with earth or wrap with damp burlap.

For planting, it is better to use one-year-old seedlings.

Site preparation

It is necessary to plant a plum in a prepared planting pit. It is prepared in the fall. To do this, dig a pit 70–80 cm wide and 60–70 cm deep. A nutritious soil mixture is prepared from the excavated soil by adding 2 buckets of rotted compost, 40–50 g of superphosphate, 20–30 g of potassium sulphide. The pit is poured with the resulting mixture, a layer of clean earth is poured on top.

If the pit for some reason was not prepared in the fall, you can enrich it with nutrients 10-14 days before planting the seedling. To do this, the dug soil is mixed with rotted compost in a 2: 1 ratio and the hole is filled with it.

Step by step process

Before planting, the seedling must be cleaned of blooming leaves, and the root must be dipped in a soil or clay mash.

  1. In the prepared place, a depression is dug with a depth and diameter of about 0.5 m.
  2. Two pegs are installed at a distance of 15 cm from the center of the pit.
  3. They lower the tree into the hole. Planting depth: root collar 5-7 cm above the level of the site.
  4. The seedling is covered with earth. It is necessary to lightly compact the soil so that there are no air chambers in the pit.
  5. A hole with a diameter of 0.4–0.5 m is formed around the tree. The seedling is tied to the stakes with twine or twine. Do not pull on the rope too much, as it can damage the young tree.
  6. Water the plant with clean water (3-4 buckets).
  7. After watering, the hole is mulched with peat, pine needles or dry soil.

After planting, the trunk circle is recommended to be mulched with humus, peat or dry soil.

The distance between adjacent trees should be 2.5–3 m. During the first months after planting, it is important to monitor the soil moisture level and water the plant regularly if necessary.

Video: planting and fertilizing plums


Plum Renclode Altana is a self-fertile variety. To increase the ovary, additional cross-pollination is required. Trees can be pollinated artificially using special mixtures of pollen, or by planting plums next to varieties such as Hungarian homemade, Renclode green, Renclod Ulena.

Photo gallery: pollinators for the Renclode Altana plum

Nuances of care

Plum is looked after in the same way as other fruit trees. It is necessary to cut, feed and spray the plant in a timely manner. The near-stem area should be kept clean, the soil under the crown should be loosened and the shoots should be removed.

During fruiting, plum branches can bend strongly under the weight of the fruit. So that they do not break, they must be propped up. For this, wooden props are used. In order not to damage the bark of the branch during friction, the place of the support on which the branch lies should be soft. It can be wrapped with foam rubber or a soft cloth.


Plum is pruned at the very beginning of spring or after the leaves have opened. You can also prune the tree in early June. Pruning at this time reduces the risk of gommosis infection of the tree.

  • First year. The plum is cut at a level of 1.8 m from the ground and 10 skeletal branches are determined at equal intervals and an angle of departure from the trunk of 45 degrees. All branches with an angle of departure less than 40 degrees are removed.
  • Second year. All growths are cut, leaving a length of no more than 25 cm.
  • Third year. Cut off the shoots of the continuation of the skeletal branches and the conductor, leaving 30 cm in length. All other increments are shortened to 15 cm.
  • Since the fourth year, thinning and sanitary pruning is carried out annually. To do this, the skeletal shoots are cut by 1/3, and all other branches are cut, leaving 15 cm. Dry, broken, and also branches affected by pests or diseases are cut completely into a ring.

The tree is cut with a sharp garden tool: pruner, delimber, hacksaw. All large sections are treated with garden pitch.

Correct pruning of plums is one of the main elements of care

Video: pruning and shaping the crown of a plum


It is best to water the plum with settled water. It is not recommended to use cold spring water for irrigation.

Main watering periods:

  • after flowering;
  • 15–20 days after the first watering (the period of ovary formation);
  • 14 days after the second watering (the period of bone formation);
  • during the period of fruit filling;
  • immediately after harvest;
  • in September or October (water recharge irrigation).

The watering rate is 4–8 buckets of water per tree (the amount depends on the age of the plant). The ground should be saturated with moisture by 40 cm. Sub-winter watering requires a little more water. At this time, the soil is moistened by 60–70 cm.

After any watering, it is necessary to mulch the hole.

Top dressing

If the tree was planted in a prepared area, it does not require additional fertilization in the first two years. In this case, they begin to feed the plum from the third year.

Table: fertilization schedule

SeasonType of feedingPeriodFertilizers and their quantity
SpringRootBefore flowering (April)25 g of ammonium nitrate + 40 g of potassium salt + 300 g of Berry fertilizer per 1 sq. m.
During the flowering period (May)Watering the plant with a mineral solution of urea: 5 liters per 1 tree. To prepare the solution, mix 20 g of urea and 10 liters of water.
After flowering0.3% mullein solution + 50 g superphosphate.
Fruit filling period2 tbsp. l. urea + 3 tbsp. nitrophosphate + 10 liters of water. Nitrophoska can be replaced with 200 g of Berry fertilizer. Consumption per tree: 20-25 liters.
SummerFoliarJune 1-5Urea solution 1%.
FallRootSeptember 20-302 tbsp. chloride or potassium sulfide + 3 tbsp. superphosphate + 10 l. water. 20 liters per tree.
Soil liming is carried out with solutions of lime, chalk, dolomite flour, wood ash. The raw materials are selected according to the type of soil.
15 kg of fresh manure or compost + 150 g of superphosphate + 50 g of ammonium nitrate.

Preparing for winter

Young annual and biennial trees are especially sensitive to winter frosts. They must be completely wrapped. For this, small huts are made over the seedlings. A frame made of wooden poles is lined with spruce branches, hay or sedge. The whole structure is tied with a rope. Also, trees can be wrapped in paper or spunbond.

To prevent rodents from settling under the cones, several sprigs of peppermint are laid out between the poles.

Mature trees do not require such shelter. It is necessary to whitewash the stem with lime whitewash or water-based paint. The near-stem circle is covered with a layer of humus or sawdust. The layer height must be at least 10 cm.

Before whitewashing, you need to clean the bark of the tree with a metal brush or a wooden scraper from detachments and fungi

If the winter is snowy, snow is regularly trampled on the near-trunk section and its layer is gradually increased.

To protect the garden from rodents, special traps with fillers are placed on the site. To prevent the trees from being gnawed by hares, the trunks are tied with old nylon tights or a garden net made of polymers. Metal mesh cannot be used.

Diseases and pests

The plum variety Renclode Altana is distinguished by high immunity to polystygmosis, shark, clotterosporia and various pests. However, with improper agricultural technology, the culture is affected by moniliosis and other diseases, as well as some insects.

Table: common plum pests - control and preventive measures

PestDescription of the pestSigns of defeatPreparations for processingProcessing periodsPreventive actions
Plum mothGray-brown butterfly. Pest activity - early June. The moth moth lays 40-50 eggs on the underside of the leaf.The pest gnaws at the fruit. Plums are not poured, but prematurely ripen (turn purple), rot and fall off.Spraying is carried out with 0.3% solution of Karbofos or 0.2% solution of Metaphos. Consumption - 3-4 liters for each tree.Early spring, before sap flow begins.
  • Loosening of the trunk circle by 8–10 cm during autumn work.
  • Cleaning the tree trunk and skeletal branches from old bark.
  • Sanitary pruning of damaged shoots.
  • Regular collection and burning of volunteers.
Coniferous concentrate treatment (2-4 tbsp. Per 10 liters of water). Consumption - 3-4 liters per tree.The growing season.
Plum pollinated aphidLight green insect about 2 mm in size. Everyone is familiar with the aphid: this plant infects almost all plants, without exception.The growth of the plant stops, the formation of fruit buds slows down, and the leaves wither and dry out.The use of mineral-oil preparations for spraying (Nitrafen, Oleocobrite, copper and iron vitriol). Consumption - 0.2-0.3 liters per 1 sq. m.Early spring, before the start of sap flow at a temperature not lower than + 4-5 degrees.
  • Regular removal of root growth.
  • Clearing the area of ​​the near-trunk circle from last year's foliage and branches.
  • Removal of dead bark on the trunk and skeletal branches.
  • Annual whitewashing of the tree.
Washing in a solution of laundry soap (300 g per 10 l of water) tops of young shoots.Spring, after hatching of the first generation of aphids (April).
Plum shoot mothThe light brown butterfly lays eggs at the base of the buds. The period of pest activity is June - early June.Leaves and fruits are entangled in cobwebs, over time they dry up and fall off.Spraying with Chlorophos. Consumption - 3-4 liters per tree.During bud break.Loosening of row spacings and zones of the trunk circle at the beginning of summer (pupation period of caterpillars).

Photo gallery: how to recognize a pest

Table: common plum diseases

DiseaseDescription of the diseaseSigns of plant infectionControl measuresPlant processing periodsPreventive actions
MoniliosisFungal disease. Infects the tree during flowering. On the underside of the leaves, mushy fungal colonies can be seen.10 days after infection, the inflorescences fade, the leaves turn brown and fall off, the fruits soften, become covered with white rot and mummify right on the branches.
  1. 3% solution of Horus preparation or copper oxychloride (40 g per 5 l of water) - treat wood and soil in the aisle. Consumption - 3-4 liters per tree.
  2. Cut off the affected branches.
  • Before flowering;
  • 15–20 days after flowering.
  • Choosing a sunny and well-ventilated place for planting plums.
  • Regular anti-aging and thinning pruning.
  • Timely collection and burning of infected fruits.
  • Cleaning the trunk and skeletal branches from dead bark, whitewashing.
  • Autumn digging of the near-stem section.
Plum dwarfismFungal disease, infection occurs during the grafting of the seedling.Deceleration of tree growth, thinning and fragility of leaves, premature death of plums.The infected tree is uprooted and burned.As needed.
  • Careful selection of planting material.
  • Purchase of seedlings only in nurseries or from experienced gardeners.
Gum therapy (gommosis)Non-infectious disease of stone fruit cultures.Thinning of the bark, the appearance of cracks and sticky viscous streaks on the tree trunk.Timely application of fertilizers that strengthen the stability of the tree.According to the fertilization schedule.
  • Obligatory processing of cuts after pruning with garden pitch or oil paint.
  • Use a sharp tool when trimming.
  • Avoid mechanical damage to the tree bark.

Photo gallery: signs of disease


The variety is highly productive, entering the fruiting period for 4–5 years. From an eight-year-old tree, 35–40 kg of fruit can be harvested, plums over 15 years old bring up to 90 kg.

The fruits begin to ripen in the second half of August. Ripening is not simultaneous and continues until early September. Plums are harvested by hand in wooden or plastic containers.

Fruits ripen on August 15-25

Ripe fruits are stored at + 4 ... + 6 degrees for 14 days in closed plastic containers or paper bags.

For longer storage of fresh fruits, they are removed slightly unripe. These plums are stored at room temperature for 4-6 days, then they can be stored in a cold place.

Frozen plums are stored for 6-12 months. Only fully ripe plums are suitable for freezing.

The fruits of the Renclode Altana plum variety perfectly tolerate long-distance transportation.

Plums can be prepared as dried fruits. They are dried naturally in the shade or using drying chambers. Store drying in fabric bags or paper boxes in places with good aeration.

Plums are consumed fresh as a dessert, and also used for harvesting seasonal conservation. Compotes, candied fruits, preserves, confiture, sauces for desserts and meat dishes are prepared from the fruits. You can also make homemade wine or liqueur from plums.

The fruits of the plum variety Renclode Altana are good for making compotes, juices and marinades.

Gardeners reviews

The Renclode Altana variety plum is always popular among gardeners. This is facilitated by the excellent quality and taste of the fruits, as well as the unpretentiousness of the culture. With proper agricultural technology, plums give regular yields of fragrant juicy fruits.

Peach plum - European variety of early ripening

Peach plum has a long history. The origin of the variety has not been established for certain, but it is known that it was first mentioned in 1830. The culture was developed in Western Europe, presumably in England or France. Today Peach is grown in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. This variety is also known as Red Nectarine and Royal Rouge.

The characteristic features of the variety are as follows:

  1. The tree is of medium height - 4.5 m. At a young age, it has a rapid growth rate.
  2. The crown is moderately thickened and leafy. Its shape can be conical or round. In young trees, the crown is compact, but as the plant develops, it becomes spreading. The branches are thick, gray-brown in color.
  3. The leaf plates are oval, covered with pubescence, are serrated along the edges. The petioles are short and thick. The fruits are tied on bouquet branches.
  4. Peach plums grow to large sizes. Their average weight is 50–55 g, but individual fruits can reach 70 g. They have an oval or round shape, the upper part is slightly compressed. Plums are colored yellow-orange with a red blush. The fruits are covered with a thick skin with white subcutaneous dots and a blue waxy coating.
  5. The stone is oval flat in shape, has a rough surface, free separation from the pulp.
  6. The taste is sweet and sour. The pulp is juicy, tender, yellow in color with a dense elastic consistency. There is a pronounced peach aroma.

Important! Trees grown in northern regions can have a tart pulp.

Peach begins to bear fruit from 5-7 years of age. Young trees give a small and irregular harvest, but 50 kg of plums per season can be removed from mature plants 15–20 years old. The fruits are quite firmly attached to the branches. But when overripe, slight crumbling may occur.

The Peach variety pleases with its yield, endurance and unique fruit taste.

Indicators of frost resistance are average. In the northern regions, freezing of plants is observed in winter. The peculiarities of the variety include the early ripening of the crop, which can be harvested in the second half of July or early August, as well as the large size of the plums.

Variety characteristics

Distinctive features of the Renclode variety are the basis for organizing plant care.

Drought resistance, frost resistance

The variety is resistant to hot climates, temperature extremes. With additional insulation, it can winter in the northern regions of Russia.

Plum pollinators Renclode

The flowering period of the Renklod variety is different for each subspecies. The average flowering period is May-June. Individual varieties do not require additional pollination for a bountiful harvest. Self-fertile varieties include:

  • Altana
  • Renclaude de Beauvais
  • Enikeeva, others.

Many subspecies require pollination to increase fruiting. Renklod Kolkhozny prefers nearby Krasnaya Skorospelka, Renklod Ternovy, Hungerka Pulkovskaya. The subspecies Soviet is perfectly pollinated by similar Renklods. To improve fruiting, next to the Altana variety, Mirabel Nancy, Victoria, Green Renklod, and Hungarian Domashnaya are located.

Productivity, fruiting

Renclode is popular with gardeners for its bountiful annual harvests. The number of plums harvested from the tree increases with the age of the plant. Renklode fruits are sweet, sometimes sourness is present. The size depends on the subspecies, the correct care. Fruiting occurs in the second half of summer. Late varieties yield in early autumn.

Scope of berries

Dessert fruits of the variety are perfect for cooking preserves, jams, compotes. Fresh plums are a wonderful summer dessert.

Disease and pest resistance

Trees of the Renclode variety are highly resistant to the influence of insect pests and the manifestation of diseases. Regular preventive measures minimize the risk of such occurrences.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The Renclode variety has undeniable advantages over other horticultural crops:

  1. Bountiful annual harvest.
  2. Unpretentious care.
  3. Delicious large fruits.
  4. Disease resistance.
  5. Ability to withstand low temperatures, drought.

Plum does not like drafts, winds. The site must be well protected.

Variety: Plum home

The tree is vigorous, the crown is rounded-oval, of medium density, Fruiting mainly on overgrown branches up to 5-6 years of age. The stem is straight, dark gray, medium fractured, medium number of lenticels, large, rough. The shoot is straight, internodes are average 2.1-2.5 cm, the color of the bark is brown-violet of medium intensity. Pubescence is absent. The bud is vegetative, ovoid, with a rounded apex, of medium size, appressed. Leaf: oval shape, blunt-pointed apex, arcuate base. Average length - 7.4 cm, average width - 4.5 cm, medium-sized leaf blade - 33.3 cm, green color, medium-concave, loose consistency, medium thickness, glossy, without pubescence, medium pubescence below the leaf, fleecy, distributed over the entire surface. The serration of the edge of the leaf is double-clawed, of medium size. The petiole is long - 21 mm. The glands are two, raised, large, yellow. Stipules are lanceolate, medium length - up to 10 mm, pale green. Flower: one flower develops from one bud, saucer-shaped, medium-sized - 25 mm in diameter. Petals are round, large, 12 mm long, 13 mm wide, white, weakly closed. The apex is rounded, the edge is wavy, slightly corrugated. Scarce stamens - 22 pcs. Filaments 6-10 mm long, straight. The color of the anthers is light yellow. The pistil is 7-8 mm long, the column is 6-7 mm long, straight. The shape of the stigma is rounded, located above the stamens. The ovary is not pubescent. The calyx is broadly bell-shaped, not pubescent. Sepals are oval, length 3 mm, width 2.5 mm, weak pubescence. There is no jaggedness. Pedicel 13 mm long, medium, without pubescence.

The fruit is round, isosceles, large - height, width and thickness 37 mm, weight 38 g. The main color is light green, the integumentary color is pink-red, completely covering the entire fruit, there is no pubescence. The number of subcutaneous points is average, brown in color. The strokes are missing. The wax coating is thick. The top of the fruit is rounded, slightly depressed, the base is rounded, the funnel is of medium depth. The abdominal suture is poorly expressed, does not crack. The skin is thin, dense, easy to remove, the consistency is loose. The color of the pulp is yellow; it darkens slightly in air. The color of the cavity is one-color with the pulp. The consistency of the pulp is fine-fibred, dense, juicy. Peduncle of medium length - 14 mm, average thickness - 1.8 mm. The stone is round, 18 mm long, 16 mm wide, 10 mm thick, medium-sized, weighing 1.4 g, 3.9% of the fruit pulp, light brown in color. The apex is broadly round, the base is narrowly round, the dorsal suture is moderately open. The abdominal suture is medium. The central rib is moderately pronounced. Lateral ribs are poorly visible. The keel is small and sharp. The surface is finely pitted and lumpy. The stone separates well from the pulp.

The fruits are good for fresh consumption and for making compotes, dried fruits, juices and pickles. Evaluation of canned food: frozen fruits - 4.2 points, dried plums - 4.1 points, compote - 4.3 points, juice with pulp - 4 points, pickled fruits - 4.4 points. Fruits contain, on a wet weight basis: solids - 16.2%, sugars - 10.6%, acids - 0.67%, sugar-acid index 15.82, pectin substances - 0.68%, soluble polyphenols - 334 mg / 100g , ascorbic acid - 4.8 mg / 100g.

The average flowering period is mid-April. Self-infertile. Ripening period is average - in the middle of August. The term for the entry of the tree into fruiting is 4-5 years. Winter hardiness is average or above average. Drought resistance is average. The variety is resistant to polystygmosis, clasterosporiosis, shark, but not resistant to moniliosis. The yield is high, but not regular enough. Advantages of the variety: high yield, excellent taste of the fruit.

Disadvantages: vigorous growth, insufficiently intense color of fruits, self-fertility.

Reviews of gardeners about the plum variety Peach

My Peach plum is a real peach.


I am growing a plum, bought many years ago as Peach. Fruits are round, yellow, with a red blush, the blush is often almost over the entire fruit. The stone does not separate, the skin is sour.


Plum variety Peach is closer to cherry plum than to plum in our understanding. The characteristics are impressive. Frost resistance is rather weak, prone to podoprevanie.


Peach plum gives a bountiful, tasty and unusual harvest, but requires careful maintenance and is highly zoned. This variety is perfect for those who live in southern agricultural areas and are ready to devote a lot of time and energy to caring for plants.


My neighbor grows such a plum, it is really sweeter than honey, very tasty.


Self-infertile variety. I think this is a disadvantage. It is not always possible to plant several trees ... And here it turns out that if there is no place, then planting is pointless.

Alena Dyachenko

I want to note that all varieties of yellow plums are correctly called "white", in fact, like cherries. Here's a paradox. As for white honey - there are few, perhaps, there are varieties better than this. Yes, the tree is tall. But it can be trimmed, although when trimmed, the yield will be less. This is a very durable variety that bears fruit for more than a dozen years. And so that the cream does not creep when preserving, it is better to spin them a little unripe - and in this state the fruits are delicious!

Marina Alexandrova

White honey plum variety - good in taste and endurance. It also has disadvantages. But everyone decides for himself - is it worth working for the sake of a honey-plum aromatic miracle? Rather yes than no. Even for the sake of the uniqueness of the variety and the experiment in cultivation.

Watch the video: Summer pruning cherry and greengage

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