Nettle in medicine and cosmetics

Read the first part of the article: The use of nettle in the farm

The healing properties of nettle

The acquaintance of people and with medicinal properties nettles. Since the time of Dioscorides and Hippocrates, she has been included in the arsenal of medicinal means.

In the famous Salernian "Health Code" about nettles it is said: “Sleep sends sick people, stops nasty vomiting. Nettle seed followed and cures colic reliably. You will start drinking this remedy - and a running cough will give up. It expels cold from the lungs and ulcers from the womb, it gives the right help for various diseases of the joints. "

Avicenna paid a lot of attention to nettles in his "Canon of Medicine". In his opinion:

  • nettle strongly cleanses pores and especially ulcers;
  • in a medicinal dressing with vinegar, nettle makes abscesses open, helps from them, benefits from hardening;
  • nettle ash with salt helps with sores from dog bites;
  • nettle seed helps with loss of smell;
  • applying a medicated dressing made from nettle seed helps with swelling behind the ears and inside the glands;
  • when the nettle is given to drink in barley water, it cleans the chest, for which the nettle leaves are boiled in barley water; nettle seed works more strongly: it eliminates asthma and cold pleurisy.

And in the 18th century G. Sobolevsky wrote: “The nettle herb has a diuretic, cleansing, revelatory and tenacious power. It is drunk in decoctions for coughs, consumption, hemoptysis, bloody vomiting, bloody urine, excessive flow of female leucorrhoea and jaundice. The roots are boiled in sugar, they help from old coughs, they beat little by little parts of the body outside with nettles, paralyzed and insensitive, sometimes gouty with great success. "

In general, it is probably easier to list diseases for which nettle is not used. Valuable nutritional composition, rich set of salts and vitamins make nettle one of the most promising medicinal plants. In particular, it contains twice as much vitamin C as in berries. black currant, and there is as much carotene in it as in carrots, 20 g of fresh nettle leaves contain the daily requirement for vitamin A. Nettle is rich in iron and calcium, the crystals of which are easily distinguishable under a microscope. Moreover, calcium is in the form of calcium carbonate, and not in the form of oxalic acid salt, which is dangerous for the kidneys.

The spectrum of therapeutic action of nettle is quite impressive. Wound healing, diuretic, tonic, laxative, vitamin, anticonvulsant, expectorant. In scientific medicine, stinging nettle is used as a hemostatic agent, for the treatment of chronic ulcers, liver disease, is a part of the drug allochol, a part of the gastric collection.

Nettle is used for various bleeding, hemorrhoids, kidney and cholelithiasis, dyspnea, liver and biliary tract diseases, edema, constipation, heart disease, tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, allergies. Outwardly - for wounds, bleeding, skin diseases, to strengthen hair.

Nettle is used for internal and external bleeding, acute infections and sluggish chronic diseases, when the body's resistance decreases, with hypoxia, vitamin deficiency, conditions after radiation and chemical therapy. An increase in the body's resistance is explained by the presence of silicon in the nettle, which is part of silicic acid and its salts, which, in combination with flavonoids, vitamin C and selenium, improves the flow of energy processes in our body.

Therefore, it is recommended to use nettle infusion for all acute and sluggish chronic diseases, when there is a decrease in the general resistance of the body. According to the data available in scientific medicine, chlorophyll contained in nettle has a stimulating and tonic effect, increases the tone of the uterus, intestines, cardiovascular system and respiratory center, stimulates granulation and epithelialization, thereby ensuring rapid healing of damaged tissues, and enhances the basal metabolism. , which is very important in the treatment of obesity.

A decoction of the leaves of stinging nettle helps well in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, since it reduces the sugar content in the blood, which is explained by the presence of secretin in them, which stimulates the endocrine function of the pancreas. Thus, the antidiabetic effect of nettle is based on the stimulation of incretion - the release of insulin into the blood by the pancreas, which acts on the cell membranes, delivers sugar from the blood to the cells.

Healing nettle recipes

1. To enhance immunity and purify blood it is very convenient to use nettle leaf powder (2 tablespoons of powder per day), simply drinking water or stirring in a glass of curdled milk, yogurt or kefir.

2. To improve heart function a decoction of nettle is used. Accept with honey or sugar. In young nettles, before flowering, the tops are cut off along with the leaves, dried in the shade. 5 tablespoons of chopped herbs are poured with half a liter of water, boiled over low heat, taken half a glass 4 times a day, sweetened to taste.

3. For cramps, stomach pains with vomiting you can drink a decoction of the roots of stinging nettle. One teaspoon of dried root is boiled for 5 minutes in a glass of milk. The fourth part is consumed hot immediately, then every 2 hours they drink 2 tablespoons until the painful condition disappears.

4. Nettle is considered an ancient remedy, destroying and banishing stones... They drink the juice of a fresh plant - up to 50 ml per dose 2-3 times a day, and even better - a tablespoon every two hours.

5. With persistent cough nettle root boiled in sugar syrup is used.

6. With gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer against the background of increased secretory function of the stomach you should use a decoction of nettle with honey or milk. Take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dry nettle in 1 glass of milk or 1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey for 1 cup of nettle broth. Take 1/3 cup three times a day one hour before meals.

7. Decoction of nettle, taken with honey or sugar, improves kidney function... For such a decoction, one teaspoon of dried nettle leaves in a glass of water is enough. With nephritis and pyelonephritis, the dose is increased to 1-2 tablespoons, they are kept in a water bath for 15 minutes, but not the whole glass at a time, but a third or half before meals.

8. Nettles are considered good lactic acid... Fresh nettle juice, diluted with double the amount of water, brought to a boil, allowed to cool and take 1-2 teaspoons three times a day with meals.

Nettle cosmetics

Young nettles are just a storehouse of vitamins that refresh and nourish the skin and help you get luxurious hair.

For oily skin the following lotion is very useful: add a tablespoon of nettle leaf juice to 100 ml of vodka. Wipe your face in the morning and evening for at least two months. The result is fresh, clean and radiant skin.

• A tablespoon of dry crushed nettle leaves (or 2 tablespoons fresh) pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes and drain. Infusion is recommended for wiping oily skin or for a compress. To do this, moisten a gauze napkin folded in 2-3 layers in the infusion and apply on the forehead, cheeks and chin for 5-10 minutes. Repeat the procedure 3-4 times. The compress enhances the metabolic processes of the skin, improves its blood circulation and color, makes the skin soft and elastic.

• Pour 1-2 tablespoons of crushed dry nettle leaves into a porcelain cup, pour warm water until a thick gruel is obtained. Stirring continuously, heat it on steam for 7-10 minutes, and then apply on face and neck. After 20-25 minutes, remove the mask with a cotton swab, and rinse your face with warm water. Such nourishing masks are done 2-3 times a week. They fit for any skinbut especially good for dry and lethargic. Before applying the mask, cleanse the skin with lotion, and lubricate dry skin with a greasy cream.

• Pour a teaspoon of dry crushed nettle leaves with a tablespoon of warm milk and leave for 10 minutes, then add a teaspoon of chicken yolk. Apply the mixture to your face for 20 minutes. Mask recommended for normal to dry skin... When oily skin use protein.

• Magic effect of nettle on hair even the French women appreciated it. If your hair is thinning before your eyes or has ceased to shine, brew a tablespoon of dry nettle (or 2 - fresh) 1 cup boiling water and moisten your head with this infusion after washing, lightly massaging. Do such a simple procedure regularly and you will soon become the owner of a luxurious mane of shiny hair.

It remains to add that excess nettles can be frozen by pre-crushing the leaves (it is more convenient to do this in ice molds) or mix squeezed juice with clean water and prepare ice cubes for wiping the skin.

Read the third part of the article: Nettle Recipes →

Svetlana Shlyakhtina,
Yekaterinburg city

Photo by Olga Rubtsova

Where do nettles live?

The plant loves moist soil. It can be found in swamps, in abandoned fields and plots, on heaps of garbage. Perennial finds places under houses, in parks, front gardens. Where nettles live, the soil loosens well, does not corrode.

This weed, once in the garden, quickly develops the territory. Where nettles grow, the ground has definitely not been fertilized with pesticides, since the latter cannot tolerate them. The medicine and tissues that are made from perennials do not contain chemical impurities.

Nettle bush or grass, sometimes people are interested. The weed belongs to the department of flowering plants. Most often found in the temperate zone. The fruit is a flat nut. And although the nettle rises up to 2 meters in height and more, it is considered a grass. Its small flowers are collected in earrings.

Many plant species, and there are about 50 of them, covered with stinging hairs, at the end of each are silicon salts, which, at the moment of touch, are sent to the body of an animal or human. Nettle juice contains formic acid and histamine. These ingredients cause burns that are usually harmless and go away quickly. In New Zealand, there are varieties of this herb, touching which can even die.

People who live in megalopolises sometimes do not know where nettles grow in Russia, and it has spread almost throughout the territory of the former CIS republics, it is found in some regions of the Central Asian states.

Field yarok

It has useful properties, but at the same time it is a weed. It grows up to 40 centimeters and is capable of producing about 50 thousand seeds, clogging up cereal crops. The weed feels equally well both in cultivated fields and in abandoned areas. Yarutka contains substances that prevent the development of uterine cancer and diseases of the genitourinary system, has antibacterial properties. Treating the soil with herbicides will help get rid of this unwanted guest on the site.

Where can you find dioecious nettle?

Nettle is a perennial plant that reproduces well in a vegetative way. It settles in moist fertile soil. It can be:

  • areas near human habitation that are fertilized annually
  • wastelands on which nothing prevents it from growing, but at the same time the soil there is good for this plant
  • floodplains of rivers where bushes grow - it is among the bushes that dioecious nettle likes to settle
  • felling areas, the soil of which is rich in humus that has accumulated under the trees for decades
  • alder groves
  • moist forests.

Watch a video about stinging and dioecious nettles.

Nettle is a fertile and strong plant. Having settled somewhere, she is able to spread to hectares around. In Russia, the plant grows everywhere, except for the Far North.

External differences between stinging nettle and dioecious

Stinging nettle grows up to 2 m in length. Its stem is tetrahedral and straight. Leaves are lanceolate and coarsely serrate, oppositely located on the stem. The tip of the leaves is pointed. The flowers of the grass are inconspicuous. They are located in the axils of the leaves. After it fades, fruits appear on it in the form of egg-shaped nuts.

The growth of stinging grass is significantly lower. Its leaves are much smaller. And, if the leaves of dioecious nettle look slightly downward with their ends, then the leaves of stinging nettle are directed slightly upward. The stinging color is less intense than the color of stinging nettle.

In general, science has established that the differences between stinging nettle and stinging nettle are rather more external. Thus, the chemical composition and healing properties of these two varieties are approximately equal. And the preferences for the use of two-bottomed nettle in industry can only be explained by the fact that it multiplies much better and faster than stinging nettle. Nevertheless, both of these varieties are equally useful and necessary for humans.

Stinging nettle and dioecious: differences that influenced the names

Why is stinging nettle called, in fact, dioecious? The secret of its name is that these plants are either male or female "sex". More precisely, they carry such information. On some specimens, only male flowers grow, and on some - only female flowers.

The name "stinging nettle" comes from the word "burn". This is because the entire body of this plant is covered with stinging hairs, which are, in fact, tubular needles, from which burning chemicals get under the skin when in contact with the plant.

However, any nettle has these stinging hairs. Burning begins because when touched, the tip of a hair, which consists of silicon salt, breaks off. After the protective mechanism is triggered, the hairs begin to dig into the flesh of the one who dared to touch the plant. These microscopic tubular needles inject formic acid under the skin of a person or animal, which causes a reaction and begins unpleasant sensations in the form of burning, itching and even pain.

First aid for burns with nettles

If a person, especially a child, has been "stung" by nettles, you must remember the first and most important rule in order to avoid pain, itching and burning for several days: in no case scratch, rub or touch the burn site at all in the first 10 minutes ... Subsequently, it will be necessary to remove the needles that remain in the skin. And there are several ways for these purposes:

  1. Wash the contact area with cold water and soap
  2. Cleanse the affected area with a clean, dry cloth, such as a handkerchief
  3. Try to peel off the hairs with duct tape
  4. Remove needles with epilation wax.

Folk recipes

Nettle is a plant saturated with almost all useful vitamins, microelements and other substances necessary for humans and animals. In traditional and folk medicine recipes from nettle take pride of place for the fact that it has powerful tonic and restorative properties. The powerful hemostatic properties of nettle are widely known.

As a rule, the beneficial properties are preserved in nettle with vodka. What does such a tincture help from? In addition to the above, it is the restoration of metabolic processes in the body, strengthening with reduced resistance, with reduced immunity. In addition, alcohol tincture will help avoid oxygen starvation.

Here is one of the most simple and popular recipes for nettle with vodka:

  • Rinse and dry the nettles along with the stem and leaves. Place the plant in a liter jar. Pour it with quality vodka without impurities. Cover with a tight-fitting lid. Shake the infusion daily for two weeks.After the end of the 14th day, strain the contents of the jar and squeeze the cake there.

Nettle and potency are also closely related. Only with an increase in potency are the seeds of this plant used, and not its leaves and stems.

Share your experience with dioecious and stinging nettle in the comments. And also watch a video about stinging nettle food.


Nettle (Urtica) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants of the nettle family. The genus of nettle has about 50 species of nettle. Among the numerous types of nettle, mainly 2 types are used for medicinal purposes: stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and stinging nettle (Urtica urens). And these 2 types of nettles are the most common in Europe. Nettle is a stinging herb. The stalks and leaves of the nettle are covered with small and numerous stinging hairs, with the help of which the nettle is protected from herbivores. On contact with the skin, these hairs break off, digging into the skin, causing harmless skin irritation, which passes after a while. Nettle grass grows everywhere, in light forests and on their edges, in glades, meadows, fields, along roads, along sandy river banks, along fences in dachas and vegetable gardens in the form of a weed.

In the photo, stinging nettle hairs

Description of the nettle. The nettle plant, depending on the species, is an annual or perennial, monoecious or dioecious herb of various heights, has opposite green leaves. In most plant species, the leaves of the nettle, along with the stem, are covered with small stinging hairs. Nettle inflorescence is spicate. The fruit of plants of the genus nettle is a flat nut.

Useful properties of nettle. Nettle herb is a plant rich in vitamins and biologically active substances. Nettle contains vitamins A, C, K, tannins, formic acid, protein substances, a lot of chlorophyll, secretin, histamine, carotene and glycosides.

Nettle treatment. Nettle has been widely and for a long time used in medicine for the treatment and prevention of various diseases. The main use of nettle in medicine is as a hemostatic agent due to the presence of vitamin K in nettle, which is rarely found in nature. For medicinal purposes, nettle leaves, nettle stalks, flower baskets and nettle roots are used. For medicinal purposes, nettle is harvested in May - June. The collected raw materials are dried in attics or in the shade under awnings with good draft. Properly dried nettle herb does not lose its color, and stinging hairs retain their properties. Dry nettles can be stored for 2-3 years, but you can stock up on new nettles every year. For medicinal purposes, nettle decoction and nettle infusions are mainly used. Nettle root is also suitable for the preparation of medicinal decoctions.

In the photo, stinging nettle blooms

What is treated with nettles? Infusion of nettle from leaves, or inflorescences or stems, has a strong choleretic effect, serves as a good hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, astringent and diuretic effect. This nettle infusion is used as a choleretic agent for liver diseases. As a diuretic, such an infusion is used for gallstone disease. Nettle infusion is also used to rinse the mouth and throat, and it is also used as a poultice, applied to tumors and wounds. Nettle tea is a good hair care product. You can wash your hair with a decoction of nettle leaves to strengthen it and use the decoction as a remedy for dandruff. Such a decoction also helps with hair loss. Nettle decoctions improve the body's metabolism. Nettle juice is a good remedy for furunculosis, acne, rashes and other skin diseases. With the help of nettle it is possible to treat sciatica and rheumatism, using fresh nettle externally, inflicting light blows on painful parts of the body with freshly plucked nettle shoots. You can also mix nettle shoots with birch branches and then use this broom for a park in a bath.

Contraindications to the use of nettle. Like some other medicinal plants, nettle also has contraindications. Nettle is contraindicated with increased blood clotting. People with increased blood coagulability cannot use nettle for food or use it for treatment by using decoctions inside, however, external use of nettle is permissible, as a lotion, for making baths, or for rinsing hair. Thus, treatment with stinging nettle must be done with caution, because nettle can be unhealthy and cause more harm than good.

Nettle in cooking. In addition to being used in medicine, nettle can be eaten. Nettle contains many vitamins and nutrients, which makes nettle not only a medicinal product, but also a food product. Fresh nettle leaves are used for making salads and sauces. Soups and cabbage soup are made from nettle. Nettle leaves can be used as a filling for patties. Nettle leaves can be salted and fermented. After scalding the nettle leaves with boiling water, you can use it in a fermented form.

Other uses of nettles. From nettle, you can get a harmless natural plant dye - chlorophyll. This paint can be used in the food industry, as well as in the perfumery and pharmaceutical industries.

Nettles can be planted as hedges. Not everyone dares to climb into the bushes of nettle thickets. Summer residents can use nettle infusion to combat aphids and as a prophylactic agent in the fight against powdery mildew. To prepare such an infusion, take 5 liters of cold water and soak about 700 grams of fresh nettle in it for several hours, or instead of fresh nettle, you can use about 300 grams of dry nettle. Bushes are sprayed with this infusion. Such an infusion is stored for no more than a day.

Nettles are also mentioned in fairy tales. In Andersen's fairy tale "Wild Swans", the heroine weaved shirts from nettles to her younger brothers in order to free them from the witchcraft imposed on them. And then there is such a writer, Kandrat Krapiva.

Butterfly urticaria on yellow flowers

Nettle and urticaria. Urticaria is the most common and widespread diurnal butterfly, quite bright and beautiful. The urticaria butterfly appears in summer and feeds mainly on stinging nettle shoots. In the photo, a butterfly urticaria on yellow flowers is a golden rod.

Sayings and proverbs about nettles. 1. A stinging nettle will be born, but it will boil down in cabbage soup. 2. There are severe frosts on the pitiful nettles. 3. Beautiful on the face, and nettles on the tongue. 4. Nettle and young, and already bite. 5.With something else to be found - what to sit in nettles.

Riddles about nettles. Thorny and stinging green grass. Whoever does not know her, she burns. And who knows, he does not play with her. Nettle's answer. See other riddles with answers.

Stinging nettle or stinging nettle? What is the difference between these types of nettles? Can one kind of nettle be easily distinguished from another? If you visually look at the nettle, then the main differences are in the different plant heights and in the shape of the leaves. You can also distinguish between the types of nettles by their inflorescences. Differences between stinging nettle and stinging nettle:

In the photo, stinging nettle In the photo stinging nettle

Differences in the shape of the nettle leaves. In stinging nettle, the leaves are opposite, the lower leaves are ovoid, the middle leaves are ovate-lanceolate, and the uppermost leaves are lanceolate with a serrated edge. Stinging nettle leaves are oval or ovoid, sharp, serrate.

Differences in nettle leaf size. In terms of size, the leaves of stinging nettle are of medium size, the length of the leaf is from 8 to 16 cm, the width is from 3 to 8 cm, and the length of the leaf exceeds the width of the leaf by no more than 2 times. In stinging nettle, the leaves are small, reaching a length of 2 to 6 cm.

Differences in nettle stem length. Stinging nettle can reach a height of 60 to 180 cm, and under favorable conditions can grow up to 2 meters. Stinging nettle is noticeably lower, it can reach a height of 15 to 30 cm, under favorable conditions there are plant specimens up to 40 cm.

Differences in inflorescence of nettle. The inflorescence of stinging nettle is long, reaching the length of the length of the nettle leaf. The inflorescence of stinging nettle is much smaller in size.

Often, both types of nettle, stinging nettle and stinging nettle can grow peacefully in the neighborhood, next to each other. Both stinging nettle and stinging nettle have similar properties, and both of these types are used both in medicine and in cooking. In terms of yield, both types of nettle are also about the same, grow well and easily and quickly multiply by seeds.

Nettle for fullness and volume for oily hair

For oily hair, a stinging healer will only benefit. Which exactly? Nettle reduces the excessive "hard work" of the sebaceous glands, washes away excess fat from the skin, gives the hair a beautiful volume.

This technique will help you achieve the desired effect: rinse your hair with nettle broth with the addition of apple cider vinegar. Pour 1 tbsp. boiling water fresh nettle leaves, boil a little, then pour in 2 tbsp. vinegar, boil for a few more minutes.

Add the broth to a bowl of water, rinsing your head after each bath procedure. If dandruff or itching occurs, nettles and chamomile will also help. The broth is prepared in the usual way, just take 1 tbsp. each plant dry. How to use? Just moisten the strands with this infusion and that's it!

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